Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

過去式和過去分詞要如何決定使用時機?

過去式和過去分詞要如何決定使用時機?又如何分辨!?

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    過去式,指的是過去發生的事。

    Ex:

    I went to see a movie last night. (我昨天晚上去看電影。)

    PS:昨天晚上,是過去了,所以用過去式。

    過去分詞,可用於被動式和完成式。

    被動式,Be 動詞 + 過去分詞(p.p.)

    Ex:

    The letters were sent by postman.(信件“被”郵差發送。)

    注意:被誰──要用by + 人

    完成式,have + 過去分詞

    Ex:

    I have eaten a hamburger.(我“已經”吃了一個漢堡。)

    I have tried many times.(我已經試過很多次了。)

    I have learned to play the violin for three years.(我學小提琴已經三年了。)

    I have moved to Taiwan since I was five.(自從我五歲我就搬到台灣了。)

    注意:1.當中翻英題目出現「已經」,大部份都用完成式翻譯。

    2.需要用完成式的句子,例如出現「已經」(already)、次數(once.twice.three times)、for + 一段時間、自從(since)。

    3.過去完成式,就把have改成had。

    過去式使用的時機是: 1.表過去的動作,習慣,和狀態

    ex:He always rose early in the morning.

    2.表示過去的經驗(也可用現在完成式表示)

    ex: Did you ever see her before?

    = Have you ever seen her before?

    3.句中若有after, until,before等連接詞引導的子句,由於時間

    先後很清楚,可用過去式代替過去完成式

    ex: After I had finished the work, I went home.

    =After I finished the work, I went home.

    過去分詞的用法: 分詞在句中可用以表示完成或被動語態

    完成: have + 過去分詞 (又稱PP)

    被動: be +過去分詞(又稱PP)

    (以上是在知識裡面的回答剪接)

    Source(s): +知識
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