Anonymous asked in 藝術與人文歷史 · 2 decades ago



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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
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    拉娜瓦洛納女王 Queen Ranavolona1.In the 18th century there arose in the central plateau a strong and populous ethnic grouping, the Merina. In 1797 King Andrianapoinimerina, after years of effort, united the Merina into one kingdom. He has been called the first Malagasy nationalist by 20th century Merina intellectuals. His son and successor, Radama I, signed a treaty of friendship with Britain in 1810 as a counterweight to French interest and, through conquest, united most of the rest of the island under Merina rule by 1820. Radama's wife, Queen Ranavolona and other conservatives became increasingly distressed by his close ties to the Europeans and in 1828 Radama died under mysterious circumstances. It is believed that his wife either had Radama strangled or actually did so herself. She then succeeded him and threw out all Europeans, outlawed Christianity, brutally suppressed dissent (becoming known as Ranavolona "the Terrible") and, in 1845, handed a military defeat to a combined Franco-British expeditionary force. Her son and heir, Radama II, reopened the island to the Europeans in 1861. But, he was toppled in a coup in 1863.大意是指安德里亞南普伊奈梅里納(Andrianampoinimerina,1787∼1810年在位)是第一個鞏固權力、統一王國的梅里納君主。他的軍隊由兒子拉達馬(Radama)指揮,牢固地控制中央高原大部分地區。拉達馬(Radama I,1810∼1828年在位)繼續他父親的政策,並使島上其他大多數王國前來納貢。他也制定了西化和現代化的政策,歡迎傳教士、歐洲顧問及西方教育。但是這一政策遭繼其位的妻子仇視外國人的女王拉納瓦洛娜一世(Ranavalona I,1828∼1861年在位)推翻,但為拉達馬二世(Radama II,1861∼1863年在位)再度採行。★相關人名我都有加註底色★



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