Origin and meaning of the Mid-autumn Festival
The Mid-autumn Festival, commonly called as half August , call monthly festival too. There are two kinds of algorithms on the Mid-autumn Festival , first , calculate according to four seasons, because in four seasons, seven , eight , nine is autumn, occupy it in autumn on the 15th of August, so call the Mid-autumn Festival; Another kind of algorithm amounts to six solar terms one season according to the twenty-four solar terms according to solar terms, six solar terms in autumn are the beginning of autumn , the Limit of Heat, one hundred reveal , the Autumnal Equinox , Cold Dew , Frost's Descent separately, in the autumn in the Autumnal Equinox, this moment autumn grain crops when gathering in, sewage throw scattered land one year, reap shortly, so every family is it offer sacriffices to the gods or the spirits of the dead the Village God to visit, thank for the god blessing, then present a series of ceremonies and prevailing custom activities, in addition in addition, visit monthly customs promptly in ancient times in our country, hold a memorial ceremony for the moon , visit the moon to evolve out the wind that admired the full moon progressively .
And become festival formally when years old on the Mid-autumn Festival, should start from the Tang Dynasty, discipline , second emperor since founding of a country of book , Tang, in order to August 15 being the Mid-autumn Festival, will become the festival in midyear afterwards, more general by Song Dynasty, often hold the activity that entertains at a banquet on the Mid-autumn Festival, have reached the last bright meaning that have innovation even more for the first time of yuan. According to custom historical narrative ,etc. statement, yuans of people rule after the China, because of the national cardinal principles of righteousness the Hans, plan to regard vertical festive lantern as the signal , the note presetted ' kills Da's son ' in the moon cake at the night on the Mid-autumn Festival, agree on it after taking advantage of Mongolian's food and drink, the uprising that is killed . After bright the emperor who found a state to found the state, in order to commemorate this kind of move, reward making and hold on the Mid-autumn Festival, become and spread remote custom.
Adopting the solar calendar after the Republic of China, Beijing Ministry of Internal Affairs orders the 15th of the eighth lunar month as autumn in festival, make use of the convenient for people. Government move after the platform, formal explicit order too is it make festival for the country to announce.
Legend about the moon and the Mid-autumn Festival moon
Because the main activity content is to admire the full moon , visit the moon , play the moon on the Mid-autumn Festival, so call the Mid-autumn Festival ' monthly festival ' or ' sunset such as moon ' also, so the moon become the Mid-autumn Festival indispensable protagonist. Before the Warring states, the ancient is said to have a moon palace in middle of the month, and there are ' the toad 's in moon palace, so people call moon palace ' take on the palace ' it also vulgarly like one because of the round moon, so have another name called ' the toad one ' or ' the toad light '. By Han dynasty, there is the moon outside toads in the legend, had another name called the moon. Because toad's rabbit's saying spreads extensively in middle of the month, the ancient often regards as another name of the moon with ' the gold rabbit ' , ' the moon ' or ' toad's rabbit '. Arrive the Tang Dynasty , is it appear Wu cut mythology of the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region just , legend cinnamon up to 1666.67 meters middle of the month to deduce further, this cinnamon is not only tall and big , but also there is a kind of magical healing the function by oneself. A west river person was surnamed Wu Ming just, because learnt the celestial being and was banished , made him cut down the cinnamon in moon palace, cut one axe each time, axe get up but set up wound not to heal at once, so Wu just cut down the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region throughout the year in moon palace, can't cut down this tree all the time.
But no more than about the most beautiful and moving legend of moon palace that Chang'e has gone straight towards the fairy tale of the moon, Yi tries to get the medicine not dying to Hsi Wang Mu after the tyrant according to legend, and then the pretty young woman of the wife of Yi becomes the celestial being to go straight in the moon after stealing the food, have turned into a toad . It is ' permanent ' to originally do , because avoid the forbidden word of Liu Heng Wang in Huainan , so the pretty young woman of the writing. The purpose that ' permanent ' ' often ', so the later generation often writes with pretty young woman or Chang'e again.
In the Tang Dynasty, the most legendary one is to visit the legend of the palace at night. Tang profound case with explain teacher and Taoist priest swan to look at moon the Mid-autumn Festival day, profound case suddenly is it visit to study in moon palace to rise according to legend, then teacher's practice on day, three people get on the high official position , roam moon palace in step, but Gong Qian has stern entrance guards, unable to enter, can only look down at imperial city of Chang An outside , at here , hear a burst of of celestial being's sound sometimes, lucid and elegant and very unique, as if rotate people! Tang XuanZong's usually familiar open temperament, then learn by heart in the heart. This exactly ' this piece have in conformity with the sky only, human world where must odd times smell! ' profound cases of music song of recalling the celestial pretty young woman of moon palace in the future , set a song to music and arrange the dance again by oneself, this is a famous ' the secondary rainbow chinese bush cherry feather clothing song ' in history.
Activity on the Mid-autumn Festival
First, visit the moon
Visited the moon , held a memorial ceremony for the land the activity of sacrificing on the Mid-autumn Festival, the ancient thought that the moon was overcast, symbolize for women , so claim to be lunar to hold a memorial ceremony for, the old saw says: ' the man does not hold a memorial ceremony for the cooking stove without visiting the moon , woman. ' the woman visits the moon, earnestly hope that the supernatural good fortune of moon helps the whole family to be lucky in reunion. As for holding a memorial ceremony for the Village God, the agricultural function that try to persuade.
Second , the moon leaves
The moon leaves on the Mid-autumn Festival night, autumn high and air brisk, and bright moon is in the sky, everybody likes going to the countryside to take a walk, take a walk and admire the full moon , return after thoroughly enjoying oneself, commonly called as or ' move the moon '.
Third, steal the melon dish
Steal the melon dish and have another name called feeling in autumn or steal in autumn, this is the game that unmarried men and women played at the Mid-autumn Festival night. The moon, take advantage of the moonlight to be bright , go to the field to pluck the melon and fruit vegetables of the vegetable garden of others' home secretly on the Mid-autumn Festival, see number quality that pluck, is it is it steal natural gift fine , bad and health , melon of dish person to determine to come, how about it will be luck. If the unmarried young girl steals the spring onions or green vegetables , show that they will find the man as one wishes soon. Surprised the language: ' steal the spring onions , marry well (the husband ); Steal the dish, marry the good son-in-law. '
Fourth, eat the moon cake
The moon cake calls ' the reunion cake ' too, eat the moon cake on the Mid-autumn Festival, having the tendency to symbolize reunioning with the round moon cake, the moon in the sky is round, the moon cake is round too, how does not the relative reunion and congratulate festival altogether ? So in person that other places make a living, go home the Mid-autumn Festival always, is it reunion the cake to take; If someone has not returned , should kept a moon cake of his, wait for him to eat while coming back to celebrate the New Year.
· 1 decade ago