flying asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

幸運草是oxalis還是clover?

幸運草正確的英文到底叫什麼呢?

幸運草就是酢漿草,應該是oxalis,

但是有些以幸運草為店名的商家卻用clover?

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
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    就如同你可以稱酢漿草為幸運草學名是oxalis,當然有個俗名叫做clover 酢漿草 (c l o v e r)[別名]鹽酸仔草(台灣);酸箕,三葉酸草,酸母草、鳩酸草、小酸茅,雀林草,酸漿、赤孫施,酸啾啾、田字草,酸漿草,雀兒草、酸母草,酸餃草,小酸苗,酸草,三葉酸、三角酸、雀兒酸,斑鳩草、酸味草,酸迷迷草,三葉酸漿,酸酸草,酸斑莧,鹹酸草、酸酢草,酸得溜,舖地蓮,酸梅草、三葉破銅錢、黃花梅,老鴨嘴、滿天星,黃花草、六葉蓮、野王瓜草、王瓜酸、沖天泡、長血草,酸芝草、酸批子,東陽火草、水晶花,蒲瓜酸、鵓鴣酸,斑鳩酸、三梅草、老鴉酸。[來源]為酢漿科植物酢漿草 Oxalis corniculata L. 的全草。[形態特徵]多年生草本。根莖細長,莖細弱,常褐色,匍匐或斜生,多分枝,被柔毛。總葉柄長2~6.5cm;託葉明顯;小葉3片,倒心形,長4~10mm,先端凹,基部寬楔形,上面無毛,葉背疏生平伏毛,脈上毛較密,邊緣具貼伏緣毛;無柄。花單生或數朵組成腋生傘形花序;花梗與葉柄等長;花黃色,萼片長卵狀披針形,長約4mm,先端鈍;花瓣倒卵形,長約9mm,先端圓,基部微合生;雄蕊的花絲基部合生成筒;花柱5。蒴果近圓柱形,長1~1.5cm,略具5稜,有喙,熟時彈裂;種子深褐色,近卵形而扁,有縱槽紋。花期5~8月,果期6~9月。

    圖片參考:http://www.hulu.com.tw/tfd/tfdpic/oxalis_2H_1.gif

    紫花酢漿草 Oxalis corymbosa DC. [生境分布][栽培要點]野生品,尚無栽培者。[採集加工]全年均可採收,尤以夏、秋季為宜,洗淨,鮮用或曬乾。[化學成分]全草含抗壞血酸(ascorbic acid),去氫抗壞血酸(dehydroascorbic acid),丙酮酸(pyruvic acid),乙醛酸(glyoxalic acid),脫氧核糖核酸(deoxyribonucleic acid),牡荊素(vitexin),異牡荊素(isovitexin),牡荊素-2"-O-b-D-吡喃葡萄糖式(vitexin-2"-O-b-D-glucopyranoside),以及17種化合物:如2-庚烯醛(2-heptenal),2-戊基呋喃(2-pentylfuran),反式植醇(trans-phytol),並含中性類脂化合物(neutral lipid),糖脂(glycolipide),磷脂(phospholipide)以及脂防酸(C10~C14),α-生育酚(α-tocopherol),β-生育酚(β-tocopherol)。[藥理作用]1.抗菌作用:50%酢漿草煎劑用平板挖溝法對金黃色葡萄球菌、福氏痢疾桿菌、傷寒桿菌、綠膿桿菌、大腸桿菌均有抑制作用。[性味功能]味酸,性寒。歸肝、肺、膀胱經。清熱利濕,涼血散瘀,解熱止渴,解毒消腫。[主治]主治濕熱泄瀉,腸炎,痢疾,黃疸,肝炎,淋證,帶下,吐血,衄血,尿血,腎炎,月經不調,跌打損傷,咽喉腫痛,癰腫疔瘡,丹毒,濕疹,疥癬,痔瘡,麻疹,燙火傷,蛇蟲咬傷。[用法用量]內服:煎湯,9~15g,鮮品30~60g;或研末;或鮮品絞汁飲。外用:適量,煎水洗、搗爛敷、搗汁塗或煎水漱口。[附方]1.治急性腹瀉:酢漿草(鮮)60g,洗淨,取冷開水半碗,擂汁,一次頓服。2.治痢疾:(1)(酢漿草)全草研末,每次15g,開水沖服。(2)酢漿草6g,車前子3g,合萌9g。搗爛沖開水服。3.治濕熱發黃:酸漿草15g,土川七15g。泡開水當茶喝。

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    One leaf is for FAITH...     The second for HOPE... The third for LOVE...         And the fourth for LUCK! White Clover: trifolium repens, a plant with leaves composed of three leaflets.

    圖片參考:http://www.fourleafclover.com/leaves.jpg

    Oxalis: The plants sold around St. Patrick's Day White Clover, trifolium repens L. is considered by many authorities to be the Original Irish Shamrock. See Shamrock Facts for more information. Order Genuine Shamrock Seeds. When the rare fourth leaf occurs, you have the "Lucky" Four-leaf Clover. See 4 Leaf Clover Facts for more information. The name "Shamrock" is used to describe several different plants. The Columbia Encyclopedia describes the Shamrock as "a plant with leaves composed of three leaflets." The plants sold around St. Patrick's Day are the Wood Sorrel (Oxalis acetosella) and the Lucky Shamrock (Oxalis deppei). For Oxalis growing tips, go here. 

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    是用clover

    通常都是說 4leaf-clover

    4葉幸運草

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