Martin Luther King(Martin Luther King , Jr. , January 29 1929- April 4 , 1968 ), black right leaders of people of the name in U.S.A., Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1964.
Martin Luther King was born in Atlanta of the state , Georgia of U.S.A. on January 29 , 1929, his father is a pastor of a church. Martin Luther King get getting silent House university bachelor's degree 1948, he get Koluoz seminary's bachelor's degree in 1951, he obtained the theology doctorate from Boston University in 1955.
December 1 , 1955, one black person women of Parks Rosa refuse to offer one's seat to the white man at the bus, arrested by local police. Martin Luther King has organized the car movement of once immediately (namely indebted to brother's Malian car movement), he became the leaders of sports of the civil rights from then on.
His group propped up the southern Christianity's leader's meeting in 1957, and lecture touringly in the whole country at the beginning , call upon the nonviolent way to strive for black human rights.
He will herd the meeting to soak the letter to get back to Atlanta in Ebenezer in 1960. He protest the apartheid to arrested and put in prison in front of a lunch platform. This case is noticed by the whole country, the presidential candidate John Kennedy give a full account in order to succour him too.
1963 annuity kindness helps to organize the great parade of Washington, members include it over 200,000 protestors, he combines the speech publishing the name in this occasion " I have a dream ". This parade facilitates Human Right Act to adopt in 1964.
Martin Luther King was awarded Nobel Peace Prize in 1964.
Because he agreed to the parade of military interference Alabama Selma city in 1965, and failed to succeed in changing the community apartheid of Chicago, and is moved the personage by human rights and criticized.Martin Luther King kindness will demand and expand no matter the ethnic stratum in abject poverty to finding a room for, and object to the Vietnam War.
On April 4 , 1968, he was shot by an assassin during the speech.
Will it be January 1986, President Reagan sign decree, it stipulates to be commemoration day such as Martin Luther King of U.S.A. in one February one Monday, in order to commemorate this great man.
Martin Luther King has speeches of the name of one page, is ' I have a dream ', it was on August 28 , 1963, lectured in civil rights sports held ' marched into the freedom of the work ' at Lincoln Memorial of Washington, from this speech, we can see that Martin Luther King is devoted to dispelling the resolution that the American white man discriminate against the coloured race .
The content abstract that ' I have a dream ' (I have a dream ) is as follows:
First, explain the racial discrimination fact very alike:
Second, reaffirm coloured race's right guarantee:
Third, urge the government to pay attention to freedom equally:
Fourth, bluster and does not hesitate to strive for the civil right in rebellion:
Fifth, hope that the proper protest is striven for legally :
Sixth, dream of U.S.A.'s realizing the equal truth:
Dr.King is a human rights leader of U.S.A., he, to the efforts of human rights, and the means that the nonviolence resist, to later age influence is far-reaching.