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Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

英文高手幫我翻譯一下!謝謝

IACOBUS GALLUS

When Iacobus Gallus died in Prague in 1591, his friends published the following obituary: IN TVMVMLVM IACOBI HANDELII CARNIOLI INSIGNIS MVSICAE PRACTICAE ARTIFICIS QVI PRAGAE III. (POST) IDVS IVLII PIE IN CHRISTO OBDORMIVIT ANNO M. D. XC. I. Translated this means: "On the tomb of Jacob Handl the Carniolan, the famous master of practical music, which piously fell asleep in Christ in Prague, the fourth day after the ides of July in the year 1591". On the obituary there is also a portrait of the composer in wood engraving. Next to it is an inscription: IACOBVS HANDL: GALLVS DICTVS: AETATIS SVAE XL: ANNO MDXC. The composer's name was Jacob and his surname was actually Handl or Handl or Handl or maybe Handl. The man also has a special name; we might say a pseudonym or - even better - an artistic name: Gallus, which means a cockerel. He is a Carniolan, therefore he must have been born in the Duchy of Carniola. The term Carniolan tells of his origins or homeland, nothing however about his nationality. He was most likely a Slovene, since most of the population was Slovenian. The man in the picture was 40 years old in 1590, thus it is not hard to calculate that he was born in 1550.

Singer in Melk. Gallus' first station in life of which we can be certain was Melk. He dedicated the fourth book of Selectiores quedam missae to "John, the vigilant abbot of the monastery in Zwettl", with whom he lived in Melk. Since we know for certain that Gallus was in Olomouc from the end of 1579 or beginning 1580 at the latest, and Rueff did not come to Zwetti before 15tti August 1580, we can conclude that they were together only in Melk. It is hard to determine how long Gallus spent in Melk. We know that lie spent at least several years in Zabrdovice with abbot Sch6nauer, before leaving for Olomouc at tile turn of the decade 1579 - 1580. We can guess therefore that he went from Melk to Zabrdovice somewhere between 1572 and 1580.

Organist in Zabrdovice. Among all the superiors he had in his short life, Gallus had especially high regard for Kaspar Schönauer, the abbot in Zabrdovice, since he mentions him often in his forewords. He remembered the abbot at his death on 1st January 1589, when he wrote for him the Epicedium harmonicum, from which we glean many facts about tile abbot's life. About his relationship to the composer Gallus tells the following: "Without vanity I would like to say that as the sunflower and some other flowers always turn after the sun according to their duty, so lie also as superior turned towards my muses and prepared for them a safely built roof and haven." It is questionable how long Gallus remained in Zabrdovice with abbot Scönauer. He probably came in the mid-seventies, and left for Olomouc at the turn of the decade.

Kapelmeister in Olomouc. Gallus' first printed composition is Undique flammatis, in honor of bishop Pawlowsky of Olomouc. It is not clear whether Gallus was already in the bishop's service when he wrote the piece or whether he got the job because he wrote it. He dedicated the first and the second book of Selectiores quaedam missae to bishop Pawlowsky. It is interesting that we find out very little about Pawlowsky from these forewords. Obviously Gallus did not have the same personal relationship with him as he did with abbot Schönauer. In any case he accepted the post because it was more distinguished and respected. He stayed at it until 26th July 1585 when bishop Pawlowsky signed his certificate of discharge or "certificate of faithful service". From this we find out that in Olomouc Gallus was "accepted into the number of our associates and made director of our music chapel on the choir". He left the post - as the certificate says - "partly because of his desire for a change of climate, which did not suit him so well and partly because of other justified and sufficient reasons". Some feel that the "other sufficient reasons" were that Gallus wanted personally to supervise the printing of his works in Prague.

As early as 1580, when lie was in bishop Pawlowsky's service, Gallus published a collection of masses in four volumes, of which the first mass bears the title: SELECTIORES QVAEDAM MISSAE, PRO ECCLESIA DEI NON INVTlles, nunc primum in luce datae ac correctae ab Authore lacobo Handl. TENOR. PRAGAE Ex Officina Typographica Georgii Nigrini. Anno M.D. LXXX. Translated that means: "Some selected masses, not unprofitable for the church of God, now printed for the first time and corrected by the author Jacob Handl. Tenor. In Prague. From the printing office of George Nigrin. In the year 1580." The way Gallus divided the works into volumes by the number of parts is characteristic: the first volume contains masses in 8 parts, the second those in 6 parts, the third those in 5 parts, and the fourth those in 4 parts. In the same way he arranged the fourth volume of Opus Musictim, and partly also the madrigals in the collections Harmoniae Morales and Moralia. It is interesting that the composer felt it necessary to add the comment that the masses were being published for the first time, but even more the second comment - that he had corrected them himself.

Cantor in Prague. After Olomouc Gallus took up residence in Prague, where he remained until his death. This we know from the record of his estate, which also tells us the kind of function he had in Prague. He was "cantor at the church of St. John on the Hill". We find out the time of his arrival there from the foreword to the Hartnoniae Morales. There he says: "The church council has provided me with stable employment for the last three years.' Since the foreword is dated 29th January 1589, we may conclude that Gallus accepted this post on 29th January 1586 at the latest. Therefore we may assume that Gallus went from Olomouc straight to Prague.

Soon after Gallus had arrived in Prague, he published his second collection Opus Musicum. The first three books were published in quick succession, the last however came out after several years. The first book has the title: TOMVS PRIMVS MVSICI OPERIS, HARMONIARUM QVATVOR, QVINQVE, SEX, OCRO ET PLVRIVM VOCUM, QVAE EX SANCTO CATHOLICAE ECCLESIAE USU ITA SVNT DISPOSITAE, VT omni tempore inseruire queant. Ad Dei Opt: Max: laudem, & Ecclesiae sanctac decus. Incipit pars Hiemalis. AVTHORE lacobo Handi. TENOR. FRAGAE, TYPIS GEORGII NIGRINI. ANNO M.D.LXXXVI. Translated: "The first volume of musical works with four-, five, six-, eight- and many-part harmonies, according to the usage of the holy Catholic church, so arranged that they may be used at any time. To the greater praise of the Greatest and Highest God and to the glory of the holy Church. Begins the winter part. Author Jacob Handi. Tenor. In Prague, in Nigrin's printing office. In the year 1586.' The composer tells us that this is the first book. The other three have basically the same title, only the book number changes. Every book is divided into volumes with individual titles. Each composition has at least four parts, then five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, twelve, sixteen, and twenty-four. Up to eight parts the composition is for a single choir, and from eight parts onwards Gallus divides it between two choirs, at twelve parts into three, at sixteen parts into four, but not always.

A year before his death the composer published his third collection - this time secular compositions or madrigals - named Harmoniae Morales. "I am giving them the title Moralia and I desire that they be called by that name from now on.' Although Gallus desired that they be called Moratia, he himself entitled the collection Harmoniae Morales. His brother George was more consistent and gave the posthumous edition the title Moralia. In the, Harmoniae Morales the composer brought together 53 compositions, while his brother published 47 in Moralia. Thus there are altogether 100 madrigals, 374 motets, and 16 masses; 490 compositions in all.

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    IACOBUS GALLUS

    When Iacobus Gallus died in Prague in 1591, his friends published the following obituary: IN TVMVMLVM IACOBI HANDELII CARNIOLI INSIGNIS MVSICAE PRACTICAE ARTIFICIS QVI PRAGAE III. (POST) IDVS IVLII PIE IN CHRISTO OBDORMIVIT ANNO M. D. XC. I. Translated this means: "On the tomb of Jacob Handl the Carniolan, the famous master of practical music, which piously fell asleep in Christ in Prague, the fourth day after the ides of July in the year 1591". On the obituary there is also a portrait of the composer in wood engraving. Next to it is an inscription: IACOBVS HANDL: GALLVS DICTVS: AETATIS SVAE XL: ANNO MDXC. The composer's name was Jacob and his surname was actually Handl or Handl or Handl or maybe Handl. The man also has a special name; we might say a pseudonym or - even better - an artistic name: Gallus, which means a cockerel. He is a Carniolan, therefore he must have been born in the Duchy of Carniola. The term Carniolan tells of his origins or homeland, nothing however about his nationality. He was most likely a Slovene, since most of the population was Slovenian. The man in the picture was 40 years old in 1590, thus it is not hard to calculate that he was born in 1550.

    Singer in Melk. Gallus' first station in life of which we can be certain was Melk. He dedicated the fourth book of Selectiores quedam missae to "John, the vigilant abbot of the monastery in Zwettl", with whom he lived in Melk. Since we know for certain that Gallus was in Olomouc from the end of 1579 or beginning 1580 at the latest, and Rueff did not come to Zwetti before 15tti August 1580, we can conclude that they were together only in Melk. It is hard to determine how long Gallus spent in Melk. We know that lie spent at least several years in Zabrdovice with abbot Sch6nauer, before leaving for Olomouc at tile turn of the decade 1579 - 1580. We can guess therefore that he went from Melk to Zabrdovice somewhere between 1572 and 1580.

    Organist in Zabrdovice. Among all the superiors he had in his short life, Gallus had especially high regard for Kaspar Schönauer, the abbot in Zabrdovice, since he mentions him often in his forewords. He remembered the abbot at his death on 1st January 1589, when he wrote for him the Epicedium harmonicum, from which we glean many facts about tile abbot's life. About his relationship to the composer Gallus tells the following: "Without vanity I would like to say that as the sunflower and some other flowers always turn after the sun according to their duty, so lie also as superior turned towards my muses and prepared for them a safely built roof and haven." It is questionable how long Gallus remained in Zabrdovice with abbot Scönauer. He probably came in the mid-seventies, and left for Olomouc at the turn of the decade.

    Kapelmeister in Olomouc. Gallus' first printed composition is Undique flammatis, in honor of bishop Pawlowsky of Olomouc. It is not clear whether Gallus was already in the bishop's service when he wrote the piece or whether he got the job because he wrote it. He dedicated the first and the second book of Selectiores quaedam missae to bishop Pawlowsky. It is interesting that we find out very little about Pawlowsky from these forewords. Obviously Gallus did not have the same personal relationship with him as he did with abbot Schönauer. In any case he accepted the post because it was more distinguished and respected. He stayed at it until 26th July 1585 when bishop Pawlowsky signed his certificate of discharge or "certificate of faithful service". From this we find out that in Olomouc Gallus was "accepted into the number of our associates and made director of our music chapel on the choir". He left the post - as the certificate says - "partly because of his desire for a change of climate, which did not suit him so well and partly because of other justified and sufficient reasons". Some feel that the "other sufficient reasons" were that Gallus wanted personally to supervise the printing of his works in Prague.

    As early as 1580, when lie was in bishop Pawlowsky's service, Gallus published a collection of masses in four volumes, of which the first mass bears the title: SELECTIORES QVAEDAM MISSAE, PRO ECCLESIA DEI NON INVTlles, nunc primum in luce datae ac correctae ab Authore lacobo Handl. TENOR. PRAGAE Ex Officina Typographica Georgii Nigrini. Anno M.D. LXXX. Translated that means: "Some selected masses, not unprofitable for the church of God, now printed for the first time and corrected by the author Jacob Handl. Tenor. In Prague. From the printing office of George Nigrin. In the year 1580." The way Gallus divided the works into volumes by the number of parts is characteristic: the first volume contains masses in 8 parts, the second those in 6 parts, the third those in 5 parts, and the fourth those in 4 parts. In the same way he arranged the fourth volume of Opus Musictim, and partly also the madrigals in the collections Harmoniae Morales and Moralia. It is interesting that the composer felt it necessary to add the comment that the masses were being published for the first time, but even more the second comment - that he had corrected them himself.

    Cantor in Prague. After Olomouc Gallus took up residence in Prague, where he remained until his death. This we know from the record of his estate, which also tells us the kind of function he had in Prague. He was "cantor at the church of St. John on the Hill". We find out the time of his arrival there from the foreword to the Hartnoniae Morales. There he says: "The church council has provided me with stable employment for the last three years.' Since the foreword is dated 29th January 1589, we may conclude that Gallus accepted this post on 29th January 1586 at the latest. Therefore we may assume that Gallus went from Olomouc straight to Prague.

    Soon after Gallus had arrived in Prague, he published his second collection Opus Musicum. The first three books were published in quick succession, the last however came out after several years. The first book has the title: TOMVS PRIMVS MVSICI OPERIS, HARMONIARUM QVATVOR, QVINQVE, SEX, OCRO ET PLVRIVM VOCUM, QVAE EX SANCTO CATHOLICAE ECCLESIAE USU ITA SVNT DISPOSITAE, VT omni tempore inseruire queant. Ad Dei Opt: Max: laudem, & Ecclesiae sanctac decus. Incipit pars Hiemalis. AVTHORE lacobo Handi. TENOR. FRAGAE, TYPIS GEORGII NIGRINI. ANNO M.D.LXXXVI. Translated: "The first volume of musical works with four-, five, six-, eight- and many-part harmonies, according to the usage of the holy Catholic church, so arranged that they may be used at any time. To the greater praise of the Greatest and Highest God and to the glory of the holy Church. Begins the winter part. Author Jacob Handi. Tenor. In Prague, in Nigrin's printing office. In the year 1586.' The composer tells us that this is the first book. The other three have basically the same title, only the book number changes. Every book is divided into volumes with individual titles. Each composition has at least four parts, then five, six, seven, eight, nine, ten, twelve, sixteen, and twenty-four. Up to eight parts the composition is for a single choir, and from eight parts onwards Gallus divides it between two choirs, at twelve parts into three, at sixteen parts into four, but not always.

    A year before his death the composer published his third collection - this time secular compositions or madrigals - named Harmoniae Morales. "I am giving them the title Moralia and I desire that they be called by that name from now on.' Although Gallus desired that they be called Moratia, he himself entitled the collection Harmoniae Morales. His brother George was more consistent and gave the posthumous edition the title Moralia. In the, Harmoniae Morales the composer brought together 53 compositions, while his brother published 47 in Moralia. Thus there are altogether 100 madrigals, 374 motets, and 16 masses; 490 compositions in all.

    IACOBUS 背帶

    Iacobus 背帶在布拉格在1591死什麼時候,他朋友公佈死的如下內容︰ 在TVMVMLVM IACOBI HANDELII CARNIOLI INSIGNIS MVSICAE PRACTICAE ARTIFICIS QVI PRAGAE III裡。 把IDVS IVLII餡餅(公佈)在克裡斯托‧OBDORMIVIT ANNO M. D. XC裡。 I. 翻譯這表明︰ "在雅各Handl的墳墓上Carniolan, 著名的實際的音樂的主人,在布拉格孝順在基督入睡, 在1591 年的7月的第15日之后的第4 天"。 在訃告上在木頭過程中還有一幅作曲家的肖像雕上。 緊挨著它是一篇碑文︰ IACOBVS HANDL︰ GALLVS DICTVS︰ AETATIS SVAE XL︰ ANNO MDXC。 作曲家的名字是雅各,他的姓實際上是Handl或者Handl或者Handl或者或許Handl。 那個人也有一個專用名; 我們可以說一個假名或者-更好-一個藝術名字︰ 背帶,表示一個幼公雞。 他是Carniolan, 因此他一定已經在Carniola的公國內出生了。 關於他的國籍但是時期Carniolan談到他的起源或者祖國,沒有什麼。 因為大多數人口是斯洛文尼亞人,他很可能是某位斯洛文尼亞人。 在這張照片內的那個人是1590年40歲,因此計算他在1550年出生是不難的。

    在Melk裡的歌手。 我們可能肯定的背帶的第一個身分是Melk。 他把Selectiores quedam missae的第4 本書奉獻給"約翰, 在Zwettl裡的男修道院的警惕的男修道院院長",他與他生活在Melk。 我們確切知道背帶從1579末或者最遲開始1580在Olomouc,並且Rueff沒, 1580年8月在15tti之前來Zwetti,我們能斷定他們只在Melk裡一同。 確定背帶在Melk裡花費多久是難的。 我們知道在在瓦片前往Olomouc之前,那躺與男修道院院長Sch6nauer在Zabrdovice裡度過至少幾年十年1579-1580的變化。 因此他在1572 和1580之間在某處從Melk到Zabrdovice 猜測我們能。

    在Zabrdovice裡的風琴演奏者。 在全部上級中他在他的短壽命有, 因為他在他的前言裡經常提及他,背帶有卡斯帕Schonauer,在Zabrdovice裡的男修道院院長的特別高的關心。 他在1589年1月1日在他的死記得男修道院院長, 當他為他寫Epicedium harmonicum,其中我們搜集很多有關瓦片男修道院院長的生活的事實時。 關於他的與這根作曲家背帶的關係告訴如下內容︰ "如果沒有空虛,我想說那作為向日葵和一些其他花總是根據他們的職責在太陽之后轉身, 作為轉動的上級,也因此躺向我沈思並且為作準備他們安全建造的屋頂和港。 "背帶與男修道院院長Sconauer保持在Zabrdovice中多久是可疑的。 他或許進來中期70,並且在進入十年時被前往Olomouc。

    在Olomouc裡的Kapelmeister。 為了向Olomouc的主教Pawlowsky表示敬意,背帶的第一個打印的組成是Undique flammatis。 是否在他寫片或者他找到工作因為他寫它的時候背帶已經在主教的服務裡不是清楚的。 他把第1 和Selectiores quaedam missae的第2 本書奉獻給主教Pawlowsky。 我們從這些前言關於Pawlowsky查明極少是有趣的。 當他處理男修道院院長Schonauer時,顯而易見背帶沒有與他的相同的個人關係。 無論如何他接受崗位,因為它是更卓越並且被尊重的。 他停留在它直到主教Pawlowsky 簽署他的解雇證書或者"忠實的服務的證明書"的1585年7月26日。 從我們查明在背帶"的Olomouc,被我們的同事的數量錄取的這中, 並且在唱詩班使我們的音樂禮拜堂成為導演"。 他留下崗位 - 當證明書說時 - "部分因為他的對一種氣候的變化的向往, 因為另一個證明是正確的和足夠的原因,哪個沒如此好而部分地適合他"。 "其他足夠的原因"是背帶親自想要在布拉格監督他的作品的打印的一些感覺。

    早在1580時, 什麼時候躺在主教Pawlowsky的服務,背帶在4 卷公佈一次群眾的收集,其中第一個群眾承擔標題︰ SELECTIORES QVAEDAM MISSAE,專業人員ECCLESIA DEI 非INVTlles,在luce datae ac correctae ab Authore lacobo Handl裡的nunc primum。 男高音。 PRAGAE 前Officina Typographica Georgii Nigrini。 Anno M.D. LXXX。 翻譯那表明︰ "一些選擇群眾,為上帝的教堂不沒有利潤,第一次現下打印並且由作者雅各Handl 改正。 男高音。 在布拉格。 從喬治Nigrin的印刷所。 在1580 年。 "路背帶把作品分成以是特性的數量部分的卷︰ 第一個卷在8個部分包含群眾, 在5個部分在6個部分,第3 那些的第2 那些,以及在4個部分的第4 那些。 同樣他安排作品Musictim的第4 卷和在收集Harmoniae士氣和Moralia過程中的部分還有情歌。 作曲家感到增加意見是必要的是有趣的群眾第一次正被出版, 但是更多的第2 條意見 - 他已經親自改正他們的錯誤。

    在布拉格的領唱者。 在Olomouc之后背帶在布拉格佔據住宅,在那裡他保持直到他的死。 這我們從他的財產的記錄知道,這也告訴我們他在布拉格有的這種功能。 他是"在小山上的在聖約翰的教堂的領唱者"。 我們查明那裡的他到達的時間從前言到Hartnoniae士氣。 那裡他說︰ "教堂委員會最後3 年已經為我提供穩定的工作。 '因為前言的日期是1589年1月29日,我們可能斷定背帶在最遲1586年1月29日接受這個崗位。 因此我們可能以為背帶從直接的Olomouc到布拉格。

    在背帶已經到達布拉格后不久,他公佈他的第2 收集作品Musicum。 前3 本書被緊接著出版,在幾年之后但是最後一個出來。 第一個書有權力︰ TOMVS PRIMVS MVSICI OPERIS,HARMONIARUM QVATVOR,QVINQVE,性,OCRO東部時間PLVRIVM VOCUM, QVAE 前SANCTO CATHOLICAE ECCLESIAE烏蘇資訊技術協議SVNT DISPOSITAE,VT omni tempore inseruire queant。 廣告Dei 選擇︰ 麥克斯︰ laudem和Ecclesiae sanctac decus。 Incipit 相同水準Hiemalis。 AVTHORE lacobo Handi。 男高音。 FRAGAE,TYPIS GEORGII NIGRINI。 ANNO M.D.LXXXVI。 翻譯︰ "這第一個卷的有4 的音樂作品的-,5,6 -,8 和和聲很多部分, 根據神聖的天主教教堂的用法,因此安排他們隨時可能被使用。 令最大和最高上帝更大的讚揚的是和到神聖的教堂的光榮。 開始冬天部分。 作者雅各Handi。 男高音。 在布拉格,在Nigrin的印刷所。 在1586 年。 '作曲家告訴我們這是第一個書。 其他3 有基本上相同的標題,只有書數目改變。 每本書被用個別的標題分成卷。 每組成有至少4 個部分, 然後5,6,7,8,9,10,12,16,和24。 多達8 個部分組成是為一個單個的唱詩班, 並且從8 個部分向前背帶在二個唱詩班之間分它,進3 在12 個部分,在對4 的16 個部分,但不是總是。

    在他的死之前的一年作曲家公佈他的第3 次收集 - 這次世俗的作品或者情歌 - 命名Harmoniae為士氣。 "我正給他們標題Moralia,我想要他們今后被那個名字叫。 '雖然背帶想要他們被叫為Moratia,他自己取名為收集為Harmoniae士氣。 他的兄弟喬治更一致並且給死后的版標題Moralia。 在內,53個作品的那些作曲家集合的Harmoniae莫拉勒斯,而在Moralia內公佈47他兄弟。 如此總共有100個情歌,374首讚美詩,以及16 群眾; 總計的490個作品。

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    你也太愛鑽點數了吧

    這樣給5點

    我的手快打到段掉了

    Source(s): 手快段調的我
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  • 1 decade ago

    第二個寫的很好

    可惜居然沒有被選上

    他的比較詞文切意說

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  • 2 decades ago

    回答的大大實在是勇氣可加

    答的好的大大實在令人佩服的五體投地:)

    贊唷~

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  • 2 decades ago

    未免太長...

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    IACOBUS GALLUS

    1591 年當Iacobus Gallus 死了在布拉格, 他的朋友出版了以下訃文: 在TVMVMLVM IACOBI HANDELII CARNIOLI INSIGNIS MVSICAE PRACTICAE ARTIFICIS QVI PRAGAE III 。(崗位) IDVS IVLII 餅在CHRISTO OBDORMIVIT ANNO M. D. XC 。I. 翻譯了這意味: "在Jacob Handl 墳塋Carniolan, 著名大師實用音樂, 虔誠地睡著在基督在布拉格, 第四天在7月以後ides 在1591 年" 。在訃文有並且作曲家的畫像在木板刻。在它旁邊是題字: IACOBVS HANDL: GALLVS DICTVS: AETATIS SVAE XL: ANNO MDXC 。作曲家的名字是Jacob 並且他的姓氏實際上是Handl 或Handl 或Handl 或可能Handl 。人並且有一個特別名; 我們也許說假名或- 甚而改善- 一個藝術性的名字: Gallus, 意味一隻公雞。他是Carniolan, 因此他一定是出生在Carniola 公國。期限Carniolan 告訴他的起源或家園, □什麼然而關於他的國籍。他是很可能斯洛文尼亞, 因為大多數人口是斯洛文尼亞語。1590 年人在圖片40 歲, 1550 年因而它不是困難計算他出生。

    歌手在Melk 。Gallus 的第一個駐地在我們能肯定的生活中是Melk 。他致力了Selectiores quedam missae 第四本書"約翰, 修道院的警惕方丈在Zwettl", 與他住在Melk 。因為我們知道為確定Gallus 是在Olomouc 從後期的1579 年或起點1580 年在最新資訊, 和Rueff 沒有來到Zwetti 在15tti 1580 年之前8月, 我們能認為, 他們一起是只在Melk 。它是困難確定多久Gallus 花費在Melk 。我們知道, 謊言度過了至少幾年在Zabrdovice 與方丈Sch6.nauer, 在離開為Olomouc 之前在十年1579 年- 1580 的瓦片輪年。我們能猜測因此, 他某處去從Melk Zabrdovice 在1572 年和1580 年之間。

    風琴師在Zabrdovice 。在他有在他短的生活的所有優勝者之中, Gallus 中有特別是極其尊重為Kaspar Sch5onauer, 方丈在Zabrdovice, 因為他經常提及他在他的前言。他記住了方丈在他的死亡在1589 年1月1 日, 當他寫了為他Epicedium harmonicum, 我們搜集關於瓦片方丈的生活的許多事實。關於他的關係對作曲家Gallus 告訴以下: "沒有我希望說的虛榮當向日葵和其它花總轉動在太陽以後根據他們的義務, 因此和優勝者被轉動往我沉思並且說謊並且為他們做準備一個安全地被修造的屋頂和避風港。" 這是值得懷疑多久Gallus 保留了在Zabrdovice 與方丈Sc5onauer 。他大概進來中間七十, 和左為Olomouc 在十年之交。

    Kapelmeister 在Olomouc 。Gallus 的第一列印的構成是Undique flammatis, 以紀念Pawlowsky 主教Olomouc 。它不是確切是否Gallus 已經是在主教的服務當他寫了片斷或是否他得到了工作因為他寫了它。他致力了Selectiores quaedam missae 第一本和第二本書Pawlowsky 主教。它是有趣, 我們發現很少關於Pawlowsky 從這些前言。Gallus 明顯地沒有與他的同樣私人關係作為他做與方丈Sch5onauer 。在任何情況下他接受了崗位因為它是更加卓越和尊敬。他停留了在它直到1585 年7月26 日當Pawlowsky 主教簽署了他的忠實的服務清償收據或"證明" 。從這我們發現那在Olomouc Gallus "被接受了入我們的音樂教堂的我們的同事和被製作的主任的數字在唱詩班" 。他部分留下崗位- 如同證明認為- "由於他的慾望為氣候的變動, 沒有適合他很好和部分由於其他有正當理由的和充足的原因" 。某一認為, "其它充足的原因" 是Gallus 親自想監督列印他的工作在布拉格。

    早在1580 年, 當謊言是在Pawlowsky 主教的服務, Gallus 出版了大量的一件收藏品在四容量中, 第一大量具有標題: SELECTIORES QVAEDAM MISSAE, 讚成ECCLESIA DEI 非INVTlles, nunc primum 在luce datae ac correctae ab Authore lacobo Handl 。進程。PRAGAE 前Officina Typographica Georgii Nigrini 。Anno M.D. LXXX 。翻譯, 手段: "一些選擇的大量, 不無利益為上帝教會, 第一次現在列印和被作者改正Jacob Handl 。進程。在布拉格。從喬治・Nigrin 印刷所。在1580 年。" Gallus 劃分工作成容量由零件的數量的方式是典型的: 第一容量包含大量在8 份、秒鐘那些在6 份中, 三那些在5 份中, 和四那些在4 份中。他部分並且相似安排了電視劇Musictim 的第四容量, 和madrigals 在彙集Harmoniae 士氣和Moralia 。它是有趣, 作曲家感覺必要增加評論大量第一次被出版, 但第二個評論- 那他改正了他們他自己。

    領唱者在布拉格。在Olomouc Gallus 佔去了住所在布拉格之後, 他保留直到他的死亡。這我們知道從他的莊園紀錄, 並且告訴我們這种作用他有在布拉格。他是"領唱者在聖約翰教會在小山" 。我們發現他的到來的時期那裡從前言對Hartnoniae 士氣。他在那邊說: "教會理事會提供我以穩定的就業最近三年。' 因為前言是標日期的1589 年1月29 日, 我們也許認為, Gallus 接受了這個崗位在1586 年1月29 日在最新資訊。所以我們也許假設, Gallus 直接去從Olomouc 到布拉格。

    在Gallus 到達了在布拉格之後, 他出版了他的第二部彙集電視劇Musicum 。第一三本書被出版了在快的連續, 為時然而來了在幾年以後。第一書有標題: TOMVS PRIMVS MVSICI OPERIS, HARMONIARUM QVATVOR, QVINQVE 、性、OCRO 和PLVRIVM VOCUM, QVAE 前SANCTO CATHOLICAE ECCLESIAE USU ITA SVNT DISPOSITAE, VT omni tempore inseruire queant 。廣告Dei Opt: 最大: laudem, & Ecclesiae sanctac decus 。Incipit 打標準數Hiemalis 。AVTHORE lacobo Handi 。進程。FRAGAE, TYPIS GEORGII NIGRINI 。ANNO M.D.LXXXVI 。翻譯: "音樂會的第一容量運作與四-, 五, 六-, 八並且許多部份和諧, 根據聖潔天主教教會的用法, 如此安排他們也許任何時候被使用。對最了不起和最高的上帝的更加巨大的稱讚和對聖潔教會的榮耀。開始冬天零件。作者Jacob Handi 。進程。在布拉格, 在Nigrin 的印刷所。在1586 年。' 作曲家告訴我們, 這是第一書。其它三基本上有同樣標題, 只有帳簿編號改變。每本書被劃分成容量以各自的標題。各構成有至少四第部分, 然後五, 六, 七, 八, 九, 十, 十二, 十六, 和二十四。八份構成是為一個唯一唱詩班, 並且從八份Gallus 在十六零件成四, 但不總往前劃分它在二個唱詩班之間, 在十二份成三, 。

    一年在他的死亡作曲家出版了他的第三彙集- 之前這時候世俗構成或madrigals - 命名的Harmoniae Morales 。"我給他們標題Moralia 並且我渴望他們由那個名字叫從現在起。' 雖然Gallus 渴望他們稱Moratia, 他自己給權了彙集Harmoniae 士氣。他的兄弟喬治是更加一致的和給了遺腹的編輯標題Moralia 。在, Harmoniae 士氣作曲家帶來了53 構成, 當他的兄弟出版了47 在Moralia 。因而有一共100 madrigals 、374 motets, 和16 大量; 490 構成總計。

    Source(s): 翻譯機
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