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Anonymous asked in 藝術與人文歷史 · 2 decades ago

美國國歌的作曲人是誰?這首歌是怎麼成為美國國歌的?

美國國歌的作曲人是誰?這首歌是怎麼成為美國國歌的?

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    2 decades ago
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    美國國歌:星條旗之歌音樂http://vm.rdb.nthu.edu.tw/cwm/music/music_17.html 1812 年在美國保衛獨立的戰爭中,詩人Francis Scott Key在巴爾的摩親眼目睹了英軍對麥克亨利堡的進攻,以 美軍的英勇抵抗。1814年9 月13日凌晨,Francis Scott Key透過炮火的硝煙,看到一面美國國旗仍然在城堡上迎風飄揚,他被這景像深深感動,隨手在一封信的背後寫下了幾行詩。第二天,他把詩稿送給法官尼科爾遜 Nicholson,得到大力贊賞,並建議用一首當時非常流行的曲子”To Anacreon in Heaven”做為配曲,同時取歌名為“星條旗之歌”The Star Spangled Banner,這首歌深受美國人民的喜愛,很快就傳遍全國。1931年,被正式定為美利堅合眾國的國歌。 歌詞Oh, say can you see by the dawn's early lightWhat so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming?Whose broad stripes and bright stars thru the perilous fight,O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,Gave proof thru the night that our flag was still there.Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet waveO'er the land of the free and the home of the brave? On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,As it fitfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?Now it catches the gleam of the morning's first beam,In full glory reflected now shines in the stream:'Tis the star-spangled banner! Oh long may it waveO'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. And where is that band who so vauntingly sworeThat the havoc of war and the battle's confusion,A home and a country should leave us no more!Their blood has washed out of of their foul footsteps' pollution.No refuge could save the hireling and slave'From the terror of flight and the gloom of the grave:And the star-spangled banner in triumph doth waveO'er the land of the free and the home of the brave. Oh! thus be it ever, when freemen shall standBetween their loved home and the war's desolation!Blest with victory and peace, may the heav'n rescued landPraise the Power that hath made and preserved us a nation.Then conquer we must, when our cause it is just,And this be our motto: "In God is our trust."And the star-spangled banner in triumph shall waveO'er the land of the free and the home of the brave.歌詞大意 啊 ! 在 晨 曦 初 現 時 , 你 可 看 見  是 甚 麼讓 我 們 如 此 驕 傲 ?  在 黎 明 的 最 後 一 道 曙 光 中 歡 呼 ,  是 誰 的 旗 幟 在 激 戰 中 始 終 高 揚 !  烈 火 熊 熊 , 炮 聲 隆 隆 ,  我 們 看 到 要 塞 上 那 面 英 勇 的 旗 幟  在 黑 夜 過 後 依 然 聳 立 !  啊 ! 你 說 那 星 條 旗 是 否 會 靜 止 ,  在 自 由 的 土 地 上 飄 舞 ,  在 勇 者 的 家 園 上 飛 揚 ? 請參考~美國的國歌?

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