promotion image of download ymail app
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

while & when????

while & when這兩者有何不同呢?它們的用法有何不同?我都搞不懂???一個頭兩個大~可否用最簡單的方法告訴我如何去分辦這兩者的不同。謝謝~



Update 2:


6 Answers

  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer


    **when+過去簡單式 1, 過去簡單式 2

    1 表先發生的動作, 2 表後發生的動作

    Ex: When the phone rang, I went to answer it.

    **when+簡單式(突然性動作), 進行式(持續性動作)

    簡單式表插入的動作, 進行式表被該動作插入前正在進行中的動作

    Ex: When the phone rang, I was taking a shower(持續性動作).

    **while+進行式(持續性動作), 簡單式(突然性動作)

    Ex: While I was taking a shower, the phone rang.

    **while+進行式 1, 進行式 2

    表示兩個動作無先後問題, 同時在發生

    Ex: While I was studying at home, some people were fooling around outside.

    Source(s): 補習班學來地
    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • 1 decade ago

    Let me explain by example:

    'clause' + 'clause'

    1. 'When + progressive' + 'simple' = 'While + progressive' + 'simple'

    a. When I was walking past, I found it. =

    b. While I was walking past, I found it.

    The above means 'first clause (action)' happens first and 'second clause (action)' happens in the middle of the first happening.

    2. 'When + simple' + 'progressive or 'progressive' + 'when + simple'

    a. When she was washing the dishes, she dropped a plate.

    b. She was washing the dishes when she dropped a plate.

    The above means the 'progressive' happens first.

    3. 'While + progressive' + 'progressive' (not when)

    While John was dancing, Mary was singing.

    It means the 'while clause' and the other 'clause' were in progress at the same time, but we disregard their beginning and end .

    4. 'When + simple' + 'simple' means 'When clause' happens before the other 'clause'

    When she saw him, she dashed away on four.

    Of course, there are still others to be discussed elswhere.

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • 1 decade ago

    一、when (當):

    (1) When + S + V簡單式..., S + V簡單式. →例:When I drive, I listen to the radio.

    (2) When + S + V簡單式..., S + V進行式. (強調當某事發生時,某動作正在進行)

    →例:When you called me last night, I was sleeping.

    二、while (當): (後接「進行式」)

    (1) While + S + V進行式..., S + V進行式. (表示兩動作同時正在持續發生)

    →例:While Mom was cooking, I was watching TV.

    (2) While + S + V進行式..., S + V簡單式. (這裡的"V簡單式"無法用進行式,是因為碰到動詞為"瞬間動詞"時不能用進行式,像是meet (遇見),沒有I'm meeting you.的說法,故用簡單式。)

    →例:While we were walking in the park, we met Tom and his girlfriend.

    Source(s): 學校講義
    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    when是說{在那個時間點}所發生的事情 不接進行式

    while強調{在那段時間中}正在發生或持續的事情{狀態} 常和進行式連用

    ex:Meg came into the room while I was listening to the radio.

    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago


    n. (名詞 noun)

    1. 一會兒,一段時間[S]

    I'll be back in a while.



    1. 當...的時候,和...同時

    She listened closely while he read the letter.


    I'll take care of your children while you are away.


    We must strike while the iron is hot.


    2. 而,然而

    I like tea while she likes coffee.


    3. 雖然,儘管

    While I like the color of the hat, I do not like its shape.


    4. 只要

    vt. (及物動詞 transitive verb)

    1. 消磨(時光),輕鬆地度過[(+away)]

    He whiled away the whole afternoon watching TV.



    KK: []

    DJ: []

    ad. (副詞 adverb)

    1. (用作疑問副詞)什麼時候,何時

    I'd like to know when they'll let him out.


    When did you last see Margaret?


    2. (用作關係副詞,引導關係子句)當...時

    There were times when I didn't know what to do.



    1. 當...時

    John got engaged to her when travelling last winter.


    Don't get excited when you talk.


    2. 既然,考慮到

    How can he get the promotion when his boss dislikes him?


    3. 雖然,然而

    I had only fifteen dollars on me when the book I wanted cost twenty.


    4. 在那時,然後

    pron. (代名詞 pronoun)

    1. 什麼時候,那時

    Since when has she taught here?


    n. (名詞 noun)

    1. (事件發生的)時間[the S]

    Source(s): Yahoo字典
    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    簡單式+ while+進行式


    • Commenter avatarLogin to reply the answers
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.