我想問哪科系比較好(土木工程系跟建築系)

土木工程系跟建築系

有啥分別

哪種出入比較好

出來ㄉ工作性質怎樣

13 Answers

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  • 2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    Most people can't distinglish the difference between Architects & Civil Engineers.If we talk about buildings, Architects design the outlines, dimensions and arrangements of buildings (such as windows, doors, location of kitchens, rooms..etc, and Civil/Structural Engineers should analyze and design the structures (such as beams, columns, walls, foundation). Analysis consists of "mechanics and stability of buildings". Design consists "choosing material and its size and quantity". So, we can say that architects make buildings beautiful and useful, and Civil/Structural engineers make the building strong, sfae and stable. However, Civil/Structural engineer not only working for buildings but also for all engineering & construction, such as MRT, High-speed railroads, dams, highways, airports, power plants, harbor, tunnels, oli tanks.....etc, which Architects have no idea to do since they just only work for buildings. Civil/Structural enginners work for any kinds of "structures".In ROC building code, a building below 12-story height doesn't need the signature from Civil/Structural engineer. Architects can handle for it. On the other hand, only building above 12-story height or 40 meters or some special & important buildings should get the signatures from both architect and structural engineer.Architects didn't take enough "mechanics" courses in school. They just took basic and simple "mechanics" course. But structural engineer should take many courses related to "mechanics" and "mathemmatics".Usually structural engineers do not go to job sites and supervise it. That's Civil Engineer's responsibility. Civil Engineer is responsible for general construction management and engineering. What you saw in job sites most are Civil Engineers. Structural Engineer is more responsible for analysis and design. In addition, structural engineers don't need to draw the design drawings by themselves. After analyzing and designing the structures (building, dam, highway, airports.........etc.), we will pass the engineering sketch to drawers. Then drawers will make the engineering drawings by using CAD softwares. After the computer producing the drawings, structural engineers should check if such drawings conform to their design. In the construction period, if field engineers in job site find something wrong or encounter some problems related to Civil/Structure, they will report to civil or structural engineers who usually work in headquarter office. Structural engineer should find the solution or sometimes visit the job site if necessary. However, if the problems relate to Architecture, Architects should solve the problems. Usually, most of problems from buildings relate to Architecture, and from public construction relate to Civil/Structure.So, that's why people always think Architect handle everything for buildings. However, they won't think Architects should be responsible for airports, dams, highways, right? Since Architects take big portion of working for buildings, but little for other kinds of construction.

    Source(s): Myself.
  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    沒錯!沒錯!兩個都不好!

  • 2 decades ago

    一、首先要看你本身的條件1.若你對設計、繪圖、色彩的敏感度較好-建議選建築系. 2.若你對計算、數理概念較強-建議選土木系

    二、爾後出路-不論建築或土木皆可至工地擔任監造工作,因為學校所學與實際所用皆有一段差距(大部分為現場所學),若要到設計顧問公司或建築師事務所AUTOCAD一定要學好,公家單位-每年土木需求約300人以上(含特考及高普考)而建築人才需求屈指可數,(雖然並不限定建築不得報考土木但是所學畢竟有差如:結構、RC深度就差很多況且土壤力學、流體力學、結構動力、鋼構、測量等還未學過)。

    三、証照方面-建築系-建築師、室內裝修、景觀等(目前案源競爭激烈,且空屋率過高,你有證照還不一定能養活自己);土木系-土木、結構、大地、測量等技師(營造廠租牌40萬/年(丙等綜合營造業已有落日條款一定要有技師不得再用工地主任證照,需求量大增)或租技術顧問公司50萬/年(亦可按件計酬約20%)或自行成立技師事務所或顧問公司),唯租牌需負擔風險(怕所租公司工程重大瑕疵)。

    四、當然以上針對於國內,亦可建築系畢業至國外讀建築碩士(畢竟國外對建築設計人員養成環境優於國內,且喝過洋墨水畢竟不同),前提為$要充足。

    五、以上為本人親身經歷或經觸過,讀建築系要有熬夜的準備,因為建築設計這科除要繪圖尚需作模型,也夠受了;回憶以前熬夜作模型班上女同學因受不了割腕自殘,瀝瀝在目,故慎選(分組時組員要慎選)。若真的選擇建築系,考慮未來出路上述二、未修科目記得去選修,這樣即可橫跨土木、建築了(若讀土木系要選修建築設計恐有問題)。

    六、拿到土木、結構技師證照若出租給營造廠(簽約年限若為三年簽約時直接拿120萬元),且每次勘驗車馬費$2500元,自己想再去做有興趣之事或工作皆可,但是要注意其它有所得稅的薪資不要超過租牌費(以免遭行政院公共工程委員會停權);當然重點是要考得上,以93年土木技師報名人數2452到考人數1249錄取人數78及格率6.09%,結構技師報名人數421到考人數212錄取人數33及格率16.58%(請上考選部網站参考,於94年後取消檢覆),要考上技師要及早準備且每年皆去考,坊間補習班很多可多参考學長、學姊的心路歷程及意見。

    七、建築師、技師皆可做公共工程技術服務項目,建築師-建築物之設計、監造(案源少),技師-土木工程等設計監造,唯做公共工程對業主之要求必須給予滿意回應,且不可派系色彩過於明顯(否則四年一過就沒得做,只能去搶摽-最低標),根本不會去接到最有利標或統包案件。

  • 2 decades ago

    = =

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    兩個都不好,快換吧。不然以後會後悔!

  • 2 decades ago

    不過不在台灣發展也是可以跑到對岸去!

  • UN
    Lv 6
    2 decades ago

    論及這兩門在台灣的發展,未來行情只要不要比現在差,就要謝天謝地了!

    2005-08-01 16:14:22 補充:

    對岸?? 別傻了!! 到時怎麼死,都不知道哦!!

  • 黃瓜
    Lv 5
    2 decades ago

    都不好!

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    我跟你說,這兩個系所,其實是有蠻多不同的

    土木,學的東西相當廣泛,包含氣象,水文,水力,土壤,土木材料,結構

    出路,可以蓋水庫,飛機場,棒球場,捷運,高鐵,任何東西

    也可以到氣象局上班,到水利署上班,也可以到地政單位上班

    也可以從事材料方面的工作

    也可以從事建築物買賣,管理方面

    建築系,學的也有點類似,但比較土木來說,範圍小一點點

    出路大部分都是以建造為主,學的東西也很雷同

    但是出路的話,大部分就是以蓋建築物為主

    跟土木比較起來它出路也會窄一點點

    不過,還是得根據你選修什麼科目,看你要專攻哪個科目,以後想走哪行為主

    如果你現在目標不確定,選哪個科系其實都可以,等到大二時,目標確定了,可以申請轉系(因為大一,兩個科系學的東西幾乎一樣)

    祝福你找到自己的目標

    Source(s): 自己
  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    建築系看景氣還要看功力及關係!用腦比較多.但是不太容易出頭!土木工程系不怕餓著.只要有工程都市可以接來作.問題是要小心不要出現工安事件.

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    我沒念過不知道~但我男友是土木系大地組的....他已經累到瘋了~累到語無倫次的地步了.....唉~~~慎選之!

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