獎妹 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

事物當主詞時,為何不用被動態?

Because the game will have started by then.

the game 是物,應該用被動態

請問為什麼本句用主動態?

4 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Favorite Answer

    注意

    Because the game will have started by then.

    以上這句是主動

    是未來完成式ㄉ主動

    也就是說在某個時間點以前 比賽就會開始了

    也就是Because前面ㄉ某某人趕不上比賽 because等等這整句是

    說明為何無法趕上ㄉ主因

    這說明了事物仍可以是主動來說明

    如果要改成被動式

    則原來式子要寫成

    Because the game will be started by umpire's whistle.

    如果要改成未來完成被動

    =Because the game will have been started by the umpire by the time you get to the field.

    所以要注意

    被動式裏一定有be動詞

    沒有be動詞ㄉ句子 請你別幻想他是被動式

    造成自己困擾

    (分詞構句除外)

    阿彌陀佛

    Source(s): 教學經驗
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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    還是有人在說這是被動啊.... 你們是同一間學校的嗎?? 我懶得再說一次了,請參考http://tw.knowledge.yahoo.com/question/?qid=110507...

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    看似被動,其實started在這邊是被動型主動義,

    也就是ergative(二格動詞)。

    舉例 :

    1.He opens the door. (opens在此句是及物動詞。)

    2.The door opened. (opened在此句是不及物動詞。)

    所以,並沒有少了BE動詞,have started在此是主動沒有錯,直接講述比賽的開始。

    後面的by then,then是"那時",而不是"被誰"。

    況且...那個then又能指涉誰呢?

    Source(s): By my limited English ability...
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  • 1 decade ago

    覺得是打錯ㄟ 少一個been 應該還是要用被動式

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