Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 健康疾病與處置其他:疾病 · 1 decade ago

誰可以幫我查..一篇英文的疾病 然後再寫中文感想?

誰可以幫我查..一篇英文的疾病 然後再寫中文感想?

拜託.....

我會查...但就是看不懂英文寫不出感想...屋...

拜託各位了...

隨便...隨便一ㄍ有關醫療..或疾病ㄉ...糖尿病阿...等等之類的...

1 Answer

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  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    下面的內容是在告訴您氣喘是如何發生的,醫師是如何治療的,氣喘的病人在適當的治療後,並接受完整的疾病相關的健康知識,了解醫師的治療計劃並配合之,應該跟一般人一樣能享受正常運動、旅遊,也應該不容易受氣候變化或感染的影響而急性發作。下面的網址是中英對照內容相同您參考一下,希望對您有幫助,新的就請自己發揮了!!!

    英文的部份在{http://www.diseasecare.org/EN/en_education.htm}

    中文的部份在{http://www.diseasecare.org}

    其他不了可以Email:bb_8935@yahoo.com.tw

    Total Asthma Care – Four Steps to Complete Asthma Care]

    氣喘完全治療計劃-四階段完全治療

    Why do asthma patients need long term care? 為什麼氣喘需要長期治療

    ‧ Asthma is a chronic respiratory infection氣喘為慢性呼吸道發炎的疾病. Even when the asthma patient exhibits no apparent symptoms, he still harbors the irritated cells that can eventually lead to a full-blown asthma attack. 即使無症狀時,仍然有許多發炎細胞持續浸潤於呼吸道表皮下層,形成慢性且持續性的發炎現象,

    ‧ During an asthma attack, the existing irritation in the airway becomes even more severe.當症狀發生時,呼吸道發炎現象變的更為嚴重

    ‧ If not treated in a proper and timely manner, repeated irritations will cause damage to the uppermost layer of cells, thereby increasing mucus secretion and swelling of the airway. Over time, the airway becomes sinuous and permanently narrowed. This, in turn, causes a significant decrease in the lung's capacity and functionality如果不給予積極治療,呼吸道反覆的發炎,會破壞上皮細胞,促使分泌痰液的黏液細胞增生,呼吸道腫脹,長期下來會因而引起呼吸道纖維化,造成呼吸道永久性的狹窄,肺功能變差,呼吸困難 ..

    ‧ Sever irritation of the airways requires two to three months of recovery time. Chronic irritation, however, requires lifetime treatment呼吸道急性發炎,往往需要二至三個月的治療才能恢復,但慢性的呼吸道持續發炎則需要終生治療.

    ‧ Once asthma becomes unstable, the patient requires at least 12 months of treatment. New drug treatment regimes should not be adopted within three months of beginning the previous regime 氣喘一旦不穩定,所需的治療時間常常至少需要十二個月,改變藥物治療的劑量或種類至少三個月才能一次.

    The Purpose of Asthma Treatment我們氣喘治療的目標 :

    ‧ No sudden asthma attacks; no need for emergency room visits – even due to infection or sudden temperature change 即使在感染或氣溫急遽變化下,也不會有急性發作,無須急診治療

    ‧ No need for bronchodilators無需使用氣管擴張劑來控制症狀

    ‧ Minimization of chronic asthma symptoms (e.g. nighttime attacks) 最少的症狀發生,尤其是夜間發作,

    ‧ Freedom to perform daily activities such as exercising日常生活包括運動不會受到限制

    ‧ Regulation of respiratory function 正常規律的肺功能

    ‧ Less than 10% discrepancy between day and nighttime respiratory function (peak exhalation air flow)早晚肺功能(或尖峰吐氣流速)差異小於 10 %

    ‧ Little to no side effects from medication最少或無藥物的副作用

    ‧ Eventual freedom from asthma medication希望能停止使用藥物

    Current asthma care tends to focus more on the management of severe asthma attacks while ignoring the existence of chronic respiratory infections. Chronic asthma tends to surface with greater frequency during sudden changes of weather, high levels of physical activity, and emotional stress. The severity of such an attack occasionally leads to death然而,現今大部分的病患只注意到急性期症狀的控制,忽略了長期持續性呼吸道發炎的存在,致使氣喘在感冒、氣候變化、激烈運動或情緒激動時仍頻頻出現症狀,厲害時甚至出現致命性猝死發生。

    . Time brings about an irreversible narrowing of the airway and compromises the functionality of the lungs長期下來更使得呼吸道變得無法回復的狹窄阻塞,嚴重喪失肺功能。. For this reason, every asthma patient must become involved in a comprehensive asthma care program that is based on minimum medicine induction and an increased quality of lifeThe patient will then be free from the life threatening overshadowing of asthma因此,每一個氣喘病人均應接受完整的治療療程以達到最少藥物的使用,最佳的生活品質,讓氣喘威脅生命的陰影,遠離病人。

    Total Asthma Care consists of proper medicinal treatment and participation in a comprehensive asthma education program. Patients should undergo phased treatment, education, and evaluation所謂完整的治療包括適當的藥物治療療程與完整衛教,病患應該接受階段性的治療、衛教與評估.

    Newly diagnosed patients or those whom have not stabilized should first complete the following four treatment steps新診斷或最近不穩定的病患應追蹤完成下列四階段的照護:

    Step 1 (3 months minimum): the goal is to lessen asthma symptoms

    第一階段(至少三個月):目標在於改善所有的氣喘症狀

    Step 2 (3 months minimum): the goal is to increase the lung's functionality to normal or near-normal levels.

    第二階段(至少三個月):目標在於改善肺功能到正常值或接近正常值

    Step 3 (3 months minimum): the goal is to lower the variety and quantity asthma medication. New drug treatment regimes should not be adopted within three months of beginning the previous regime.

    第三階段(至少三個月): 目標在於降低藥物至最少的劑量與種類,一次藥物治療的調整至少要三個月才可以改變

    Step 4 (3 months minimum): the goal is to learn proper self-monitoring techniques.

    第四階段(至少三個月):目標在於學習自我監測和調控 。

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