? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

文法疑問─關於代名詞部分

不好意思又來麻煩大家了,小弟最近剛好在利用閒暇時間複習文法,所以每篇寫完練習之後都會上來問一些百思不得其解的問題,麻煩大家囉,不好意思。

1.I just want a pencil; ____ will do.

(a) anyone (b) any one (c) it (d) one

答案是b,想請問ab差異在哪?又這句話中文翻譯是否為我只是想要一隻鉛筆,哪一種都沒差?

2.Are the two answers correct?

No, ____ correct.

(a) no one is (b)both are not (c) neither is (d) either is not

答案為c,請問ab錯在哪?

3.We couldn't eat in a restaurant because ____ of us had ____ money on us.

答案是選none;any 但有另外一個選像是all;no不懂為什麼後者不行?意思不是一樣只是講法相反而已嗎?

4.Dr. Black comes from either Oxford or Cambridge, I can't remember ____.

答案選which,但選項中有that,為何不能選that,不能夠把that當成Dr. Black來自牛津或劍橋這件事,然後說我記不得that了嗎?

5.Few pleasures can equal that of a cool drink on a hot day.的中文翻譯是?

6.It was ____ who I met in the street yesterday.答案選her,但選項中有she

我記得這句應該是所謂的強調句法,空格中表示要強調者,印象中該位置要使用主格阿,是我記錯嘛?

7.One of the students hasn't prepared ____ lessons well.這題答案選his,但選項中有its,我的疑問是其中一個學生又不知道是男是女,為何可以直接使用his?

又之前有另外一題:

Her baby is only one year old, and she hopes ____ will be a doctor.這題答案選it,也是不知道baby是男是女的情況下選it,那為什麼那題直接用his?差別在哪?

8.Every teacher and pupil at Eton Girls' college is proud of ____ school.

答案選her,我在想是否是女子學校的關係,可是誰規定在女子學校裡面任教的老師也都是女的呢?

9.You can find a tower at ____ end of the bridge.

答案選either,意思是?選項中的both跟any填進去錯在哪?

10.It's ____, not you, who wants more.

答案是me,請問he,請問填入me或him錯在哪?It's me不是常常聽到嗎?而如果me可以的話him又為何不能?

11.____ you gave were correct.

答案選None of the answers 而請問Neither of the answers錯在哪?

12.It was eleven o'clock ____ he went to bed.

答案是when,但小弟我覺得這句也是所謂強調句型,選項也有that?為什麼不能用that呢?

像另外一句:

It was about 600 years ago ____ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.

這題選項中同樣有when跟that,但答案選that

請問差別在哪?

Update:

感謝您的解答,大致上都ok了,可是還有一點小問題

就是第三題當中,all not我知道是部份否定,可是選項all no而不是all not,還是說all no 也一樣表示部分否定?

再者就是第十題,我打錯了,那題的標準答案是he,而選項中另外有him跟me兩個,請問為什麼捨him跟me選he呢?

1 Answer

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  • ?
    Lv 6
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    好久沒解釋文法了。

    1.I just want a pencil; ____ will do.

    (a) anyone (b) any one (c) it (d) one

    答案是b,想請問ab差異在哪?又這句話中文翻譯是否為我只是想要一隻鉛筆,哪一種都沒差?

    解: (a) 是指人,任何人 (b)的one是當不定代名詞,可以代替鉛筆,所以就翻成『任一隻筆』,所以選(b)。你的中文翻譯是對的。

    2.Are the two answers correct?

    No, ____ correct.

    (a) no one is (b)both are not (c) neither is (d) either is not

    答案為c,請問ab錯在哪?

    解:(a)no one 用於有三個或三個以上 (b)both... not是部分否定,表示兩個答案裡只有一個是錯的。

    3.We couldn't eat in a restaurant because ____ of us had ____ money on us.

    答案是選none;any 但有另外一個選像是all;no不懂為什麼後者不行?意思不是一樣只是講法相反而已嗎?

    解:all of us had no money = all of us did not have any money/ all of us had not any money (英式英語) all.... not也是部分否定,表示我們一群人裡只有一部份人沒錢,有一些人仍然有錢,這樣子不去餐館吃就不合理了,如果是none of us had any moeny on us.表示我們一群人全部都沒錢所以也就不能在餐館裡吃。另外前面是none,有否定的意味所以後面加any,就等同not...any一樣。

    4.Dr. Black comes from either Oxford or Cambridge, I can't remember ____.

    答案選which,但選項中有that,為何不能選that,不能夠把that當成Dr. Black來自牛津或劍橋這件事,然後說我記不得that了嗎?

    解:你才剛剛說了這件事,不能說你就忘記這整件事,連Dr. Black都不認得了。which是指你不記得那個學校但你還是記得Dr. Black這個人的。

    5.Few pleasures can equal that of a cool drink on a hot day.的中文翻譯是?

    解:很少有能跟大熱天暢飲冷飲相比的快感

    6.It was ____ who I met in the street yesterday.答案選her,但選項中有she

    我記得這句應該是所謂的強調句法,空格中表示要強調者,印象中該位置要使用主格阿,是我記錯嘛?

    解:her 是後面那個句子裡met的受詞,也是這裡要強調的東西,就是她!我昨天遇見的就是她!把受詞搬到前面來強調。

    7.One of the students hasn't prepared ____ lessons well.這題答案選his,但選項中有its,我的疑問是其中一個學生又不知道是男是女,為何可以直接使用his?

    又之前有另外一題:

    Her baby is only one year old, and she hopes ____ will be a doctor.這題答案選it,也是不知道baby是男是女的情況下選it,那為什麼那題直接用his?差別在哪?

    解:傳統英文不太公平,在不知道的情形下用his。現在老美講話或寫書有時候會用her,以表示公平。 baby性別不明時,英語裡用it當代名詞,這是規定。

    8.Every teacher and pupil at Eton Girls' college is proud of ____ school.

    答案選her,我在想是否是女子學校的關係,可是誰規定在女子學校裡面任教的老師也都是女的呢?

    解:你的疑問是對的,這題其實最具有政治正確性的說法是his or her,或乾脆用the。

    9.You can find a tower at ____ end of the bridge.

    答案選either,意思是?選項中的both跟any填進去錯在哪?

    解:any 用於疑問句和否定句,這是肯定句。因為前面已經寫了 a tower,所以用either,如果用both end of the bridge,前面應該是用複數形towers。

    10.It's ____, not you, who wants more.

    答案是me,請問he,請問填入me或him錯在哪?It's me不是常常聽到嗎?而如果me可以的話him又為何不能?

    解:的確,如果只有這一句的話,him都可以。

    11.____ you gave were correct.

    答案選None of the answers 而請問Neither of the answers錯在哪?

    解:錯在neither不能當不定代名詞。用neither要說 Neither one of the answers。

    12.It was eleven o'clock ____ he went to bed.

    答案是when,但小弟我覺得這句也是所謂強調句型,選項也有that?為什麼不能用that呢?

    像另外一句:

    It was about 600 years ago ____ the first clock with a face and an hour hand was made.

    這題選項中同樣有when跟that,但答案選that

    請問差別在哪?

    解:第二句中,it 是虛主詞,因為最後面那整件關於鐘的事實太長了,所以用it當虛主詞在前。that引導的是一個名詞子句。你可以把這個句子還原成:The first clock with a face and an hour hand was made about 600 years ago.

    但是第一句還原時:He went to bed at eleven o'clock.注意,必須要加一個at,表示he went to bed 和 eleven o'clock之間的關係,但是第二句不用。所以第一句用when,第二句用that。

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