Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

to這個英文.....

to是介系詞或是不定詞到底要如何分辨?? 一定都是要用背的嗎??

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  • 2 decades ago
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    主要分法是:

    to後面如果加原V. 則此to是不定詞

    to後面如果加名詞或Ving.則此to是介系詞

    可以直接背 也可常用 用久了就知道 哪個是不定詞 哪個是介系詞

    如以下動詞後面固定+ to+原V.

    agree+ to + V. She agreed to go mountain climbing with us yesterday.

    appear+ to + V. It appeared to be a false alarm.

    decide+ to + V. We decided to take the exam.

    expect+ to + V. I don't expect to get a beautiful girlfriend.

    fail+ to + V. He failed to pass the exam=He failed the exam.

    hope+ to + V.We hope you can come next Saturday.

    intend+ to + V. his father intends to punish him when he comes home.

    learn+ to + V. I learned to watch out before I cross the streets.

    mean+ to + V. It meant to be a nuisance

    need+ to + V. I need to go home before ten.

    offer+ to + V. He offers to pick her up on the way.

    pomise + to + V. They didn't promise their daughters to make boyfriends after they are 20.

    plan+ to + V. We plan to fly to New York this Sunday.

    prepare+ to + V. Mother prepare to clean the house thouoghly.

    pretend+ to + V. She pretended to be a nice girl.

    refuse+ to + V. He refused to cook us dinner last night.

    seem+ to + V.You seem to have a mood.

    want+ to + V. I don't want to go home with you.

    can't wait+ to + V. I can't wait to join the wild party.

    以下動詞是先加受詞(o.)再用to+原V.

    advise, allow, ask, encourge, expect, force, invite, need, order, pay, promise,

    remind, teach, tell, want, warn,

    I advised him to study hard before the final exam.

    We don't allow others to join this private meeting.

    I asked him to take a bath every day if he wanted to come to this meeting.

    Parents always encourge their children to face the difficulties.

    He expected you to go to his birthday, but you didn't show up last night.

    Don't force us to sign the contract.

    Why not invite the girls you like to come over here?

    I need you to help me.

    He ordered his son to do the homework before dinner.

    You have to pay us 400 dollars to come inside the game.

    Can you promise me not to come to class late again?

    He reminded me to buy the present for my fatehr.

    Teacher taught me to work with classmates.

    Mother told me not to talk in class.

    He warns his enemy to prepare for the war.

    以下動詞直接加Ving或名詞 是屬於介系詞

    常用的

    look forward to 期待

    I look forward to hearing from you soon.

    dedicated oneself to 致力...奉獻於...

    He dedicated himself to his country.

    lie to 位於 is to 位於

    Europe lies to the west of Asia.

    Kowloon is to the north of Hong Kong.

    stay to 待到...

    We stayed to 9 o'clock.

    be connected to/with 有往來

    Mose European royal families are connected to each other.

    be engaged to 與...定婚

    He is engaged to Mary.

    注意 be engaged in 是專心從事於...

    He is deeply engaged in the job.

    to go to ....去哪裡

    I want to go to the department store.

    tie to fix to 固定於某處

    We tied me to the kitchen chair. 變態或綁架

    He untwisted the wire fixed to the cork of the bottle.

    正點前30分鐘用to

    It's ten to nine.過十分就九點(8:50)

    from A to B

    從 A處到B處

    It takes me thirty minutes from my house to the train station.

    表情景或情緒

    To my amazement, She was delighted.

    To my relief, next morning the fever had vanished.

    下列動詞後加名詞加to再加第二個受詞

    就是所謂的授與動詞

    give A to B= give +B +A.

    He gave ten dollars to me.=He gave me ten dollars.

    相同例子

    wave A to B=

    leave...to

    buy...to...

    show...to..

    write ...to

    下列形容詞後加to再加受詞

    courteous fair kind sympathetic, cruel, faithful, loyal, unfair, devoted, friendly, nice, loyal, indifferent, partial, unkind, unfaithful

    下列動詞後接 to接人事物的受詞

    announce, chat, mention, preach, complain, mumble, report, write, boast, confide, murmur, say, brag, explain, mutter, speak

    下列形容詞後加to加名詞(當受詞)

    accustomed, fundamental, parallel, unaccustomed, adjacent, identical, preferable, used,

    allergic, immune, proportional, useful, central, impervious, sensitive, vital, comparable, indebted, similar, vulnerable, equal, inferior, subordinate, equivalent, irrelevant, superior, essential, married, susceptible

    要學好英語不容易 只好多看多查多背多用

    加油

    Source(s): 教學經驗 以及 Collins cobuild介詞
  • 2 decades ago

    最簡單的....介係詞時...一定加名詞或動名詞

    不定詞一律加原形動詞

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