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Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 教育與參考其他:教育 · 2 decades ago

有關幾題英文題目~!

1.To __________ a good habit is not easy, and to give up a bad one is not easy, either.

(A) borrow (B) play (C) waste (D) develop

2.When should these letters _________ by Tina?

(A)to write (B)be written (C)written (D)wrote

3.John was taken to the hospital because his leg _____.

(A)breaks (B)has broken (C)was broken (D)broke

以上答案是哪一個?要記得講解唷~謝謝!

1 Answer

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    1.To __________ a good habit is not easy, and to give up a bad one is not easy, either. ===> (D) develop

    譯: 要養成一個好習慣並不容易, 而要放棄一個壞習慣也不容易.

    (A) borrow: 原意為"借",動詞,在本題中,此答案與所問之問題不合故不採用.

    (我們不向別人"借"習慣的吧...)

    (B) play: 原意為"玩",動詞,在本題中,此答案與所問之問題不合,亦故不採用.

    (C) waste: 原意為"浪費",動詞,在本題中,此答案與所問之問題不合故不採用.

    (D) develop: 原意為"發展,成長...",為發展一個習慣之慣用詞,故選此項.

    2.When should these letters _________ by Tina? ===> (B)be written

    譯: Tina何時會寫這些信件呢?(為主動式地問)

    = 這些信件何時會被Tina所寫呢?? (配合題目使用被動語態發問.)

    (A)to write: 為不定詞, 但因本題主詞為"these letters(這些信件)",根據判斷應使用被動語態,故此選項為不定詞並不適用.

    (B)be written: 為被動語態之寫法(主詞+be動詞+p.p.過去分詞),又因題目為一疑問句, 因此時間副詞when應置於句首,其後有一助動詞should,後面所接"these letters"為主詞. 因為助動詞"should"之後應接原形動詞,而be動詞的原形動詞即"be",再加上write(寫)的過去分詞"written",即成本選項.

    (C)written: 為write(寫)的過去分詞型式, 但因缺少了一be動詞,故無法形成被動語態寫法而不適用.

    (D)wrote: 為write(寫)的過去式型式,因在本題需使用被動語態而不適用.

    3.John was taken to the hospital because his leg _____. ===> (C)was broken

    譯: John被帶到醫院因為他的腿斷了.

    (A)breaks: 為break(打破,斷掉...etc)的第三人稱現在簡單式型式.但在本題中, 因為John不會自己打斷自己的腿,他的腿應是"被"打斷或"被"弄斷...等等,故本題應使用被動語態,所以此選項並不適用.

    (B)has broken: 為現在完成式型式, 但因為現在完成式型式在本題並不適用(理由如選項A),所以此選項亦不適用.

    (C)was broken: broken為break的過去分詞, 此選項為被動語態型式,因為本句主詞為"John's leg" 或"his leg",故被動語態之be動詞應選用第三人稱單數之"is(現在式)"或"was(過去式)". 又因主要句子已明確點出"John was taken to the hospital", 為一已發生的事件,故可知John的腿已經斷了, 所以需使用過去式的第三人稱be動詞"was",形成: John was taken to the hospital because his leg "was broken."

    (D)broke: 為break的過去式型式, 在本題中亦不適用.

    Source(s): me
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