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M1 Abrams Main Battle TankSpecificationsM1 / IPM1M1A1M1A2ManufacturerGeneral Dynamics (Land Systems Division) Crew 4: Commander, Gunner, Loader & Driver Weight 重量60 Tons 63 Tons 69.54 Tons Length (Gun Forward) 384.5 inches 387 inches Turret Height 93.5 inches Width 143.8 inches 144 inches Ground Clearance 19 inches Ground Pressure 對地壓力13.1 PSI 13.8 PSI 15.4 PSI Obstacle Crossing 49 inches 42 inchesVertical Trench 9 Feet Power plantAGT-1500 turbine engine Power Rating1500 HP Power to Weight Ratio 推重比25 hp/ton 23.8 hp/ton 21.6 hp/ton Hydro Kinetic Transmission 4 Speed Forward2 Speed ReverseSpeed - Maximum 45 mph (Governed) 42 mph (Governed) Speed - Cross Country 30 mph Speed - 10% Slope 10％坡度速度20 mph 17 mph Speed - 60% Slope 60％坡度速度4.5 mph 4.1 mph Acceleration(0 to 20 mph) 加速度7 Seconds 7.2 Seconds Fuel Capacity498 gal (1,885 liters) / 505 gal (1,907 liters)Cruising Range 巡航里程275 Miles 265 Miles Fuel Consumption A tank will need approximately 300 gallons every eight hours; this will vary depending on mission, terrain, and weather. A single tank takes 10 minutes to refuel. Refueling and rearming of a tank platoon--four tanks--is approximately 30 minutes under ideal conditions. 0.6 miles per gallon. 60 gallons per hour when traveling cross-country 30+ gallons per hour while operating at a tactical ideal 10 gallons basic idle A mine plow will increase the fuel consummation rate of a tank by 25 percent Main Armament 105mm M68A1Rifled Cannon 120mm M256Smooth Bore Cannon Commander's Weapon .50 Cal M2 Machinegun Coaxial Weapon 7.62 M240 Machinegun Loader's Weapon 7.62 M240 Machinegun on Skate Mount Basic LoadMain Gun 40 rounds (M1A2 42 rounds)Commander's 50 Caliber MG 1,000 rounds M240 7.62 MG (COAX)/Loader's M240 MG 10,800 rounds Smoke Grenades 24 rounds NBC System 200 SCFM - CleanCooled Air Inventory US Army4,393 586 M1A2588 M1A2 SEPInventory USMC403Inventory Other777 Egypt315 Saudi Arabia218 Kuwait Unit Replacement Cost$4,300,000The M1A2 is the second major block improvement to the Abrams Tank System. The current product configurations include the Intervehicular Information System (IVIS), Commander's Independent Thermal Viewer (CITV), a Position/Navigation System (POS/NAV), an Improved Commander's Weapon Station (ICWS) and integration of the vehicle electronics system through the use of a dual redundant data (MILSTD 1553D) and utility bus architecture. In August 1999 the production configuration will include the System Enhancement Package improvements. These improvements include the 2nd Generation FLIR; Embedded Battle Command (EBC) command and control software; a Management System (TMS); and an Under Armor Auxiliary Power Unit (UAAPU). In addition to a program to upgrade previously procured M1 tanks to the M1A2 configuration, the Army provides management for the M1A2s sold to Saudi Arabian and Kuwait FMS customers.
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