Anonymous asked in 健康其他:保健 · 1 decade ago


These components are sensorimotor, cognitive, psychosocial, and psychological.

Performance situations are situations or factors that influence an individual’s engagement in desired and/or required performance areas.

Performance contexts of temporal aspects 〈chronological age, place in the life cycle, and health status〉;and environmental aspects〈physical, social , and cultural considerations〉.

There is an interactive relationship among performance areas, performance components, and performance contexts.

Function in performance areas is the ultimate concern of occupational therapy, with performance components considered as they relate to participation in performance areas.

Performance areas and performance components are always viewed within performance contexts.

Performance contexts are taken into consideration when determining function and dysfunction relative to performance areas and performance components, and in planning intervention.

For example, the occupational therapist dose not evaluate strength〈a performance component〉 in isolation.

Strength is considered as it affects necessary or desired tasks〈performance areas〉.

If the individual is interested in homemaking, the occupational therapy would consider the interaction of strength with homemaking tasks.

Strengthening could be addressed through kitchen activities, such as cooking and putting groceries away.

In some cases, the practitioner would employ an adaptive approach and recommend that the family switch from heavy stoneware to lighter-weight dishes, or use lighter weight pots on the stove to enable the individual to make dinner safely without becoming fatigued or compromising safety.

Occupational therapy assessment involves examining performance areas, performance components, and performance contexts.

Intervention may be directrd toward elements of performance areas〈e.g., dressing, vocational exploration〉, performance components 〈e.g., endurance, problem solving〉,or the environmental aspects of performance contexts.

In the latter cases, the physical and/or social environment may be altered augmented to improve and/or maintain function.

After indentifying the performance areas the individual wishes or needs to address, the occupational therapist assesses the features of the environments in which the tasks will be performed.

If an individual’s job requires cooking at home, the occupational therapy practitioner faces several challenges to enable the individual’s success in different environments.

Therefore, the third critical aspect of performance is the performance contexts, the features of the environment that affect the person’s ability to engage in function activities.

1 Answer

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    這些組分是感覺運動, 認知, 心理社會, 和心理的。


    世俗方面?chronological 年齡, 地方表現上下文在生命週期, 和健康status??and 環境aspects?physical, 社會, 和文化考慮? 。

    有一個交互式關係在表現區域、表現組分, 和表現上下文之中。

    作用在表現區域是職業性療法最後關心, 與表現組分被考慮因為他們與參與關係表現區域。


    表現上下文被採取入考慮當確定作用和官能不良相對表現區域和表現組分, 和在計劃干預。

    例如, 職業性治療師藥量不評估strength?a 表現組分? 在隔離。

    力量被考慮當它影響必要或渴望的tasks?performance 區域? 。

    如果個體是對homemaking 感興趣, 職業性療法會考慮力量的互作用以homemaking 的任務。

    加強能演講通過廚房活動, 譬如烹調和投入雜貨。

    在某些情況下, 實習者會使用一種能適應的方法和會推薦家庭開關從重的粗陶器輕重量盤, 或使用更輕的重量罐在火爐使個體安全地做晚餐沒有成為被疲勞的或妥協的安全。

    職業性療法評估介入審查表現區域、表現組分, 和表現上下文。

    干預也許是directrd 往表現areas?e.g., 選礦, 職業探險的元素?, 表現組分?e.g., 耐力、問題solving?, 或表現上下文的環境方面。

    在後者案件, 物理並且/或者社會環境也許被修改增添改進並且/或者維護作用。

    在indentifying 表現區域以後個體希望或需要演講, 職業性治療師估計任務將執行環境的特點。

    如果個體的工作需要在家烹調, 職業性療法實習者面對幾個挑戰使能個體的成功用不同的環境。

    所以, 表現的第三個重要方面是表現上下文, 影響人的能力參與作用活動環境的特點。

    Source(s): 自己
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