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好男 asked in 娛樂與音樂電影 · 2 decades ago










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抱歉= ="沒說清楚

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  • 2 decades ago
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    The Royal Mail Ship TITANIC was the last grand dream of the Gilded Age. It was designed to be the greatest achievement of an era of prosperity, confidence and propriety. Although no one knew it, the world was about to change drastically. Radio had been invented in 1901. The Wright Brothers' first successful flight was in 1903. The old presumptions about class, morals, and gender-roles were about to be shattered. If the concept of Titanic was the climax of the age, then perhaps its sinking was the curtain that marked the end of the old drama, and the start of a new one.

    The intensely competitive transatlantic steamship business had seen recent major advances in ship design, size and speed. White Star Line, one of the leaders, determined to focus on size and elegance rather than pure speed. In 1907, White Star Line's managing director J. Bruce Ismay and Lord James Pirrie, a partner in Harland & Wolff (White Star Line's ship-builder since its founding in 1869) conceived of three magnificent steam ships which would set a new standard for comfort, elegance, and safety. The first two were to be named Olympic and Titanic, the latter name chosen by Ismay to convey a sense of overwhelming size and strength.

    It took a year to design the two ships. Construction of Olympic started in December, 1908, followed by Titanic in March 1909. The Belfast shipyards of Harland & Wolff had to be re-designed to accommodate the immense projects while White Star's pier in New York had to be lengthened to enable the ships to dock. During the two years it took to complete Titanic's hull, the press was primed with publicity about the ship's magnificence, making Titanic virtually a legend before her launch. The "launch" of the completed steel in May, 1911, was a heavily publicized spectacle. Tickets were sold to benefit a local children's hospital.

    She was then taken for "fitting out" which involved the construction of the ship's many facilities and systems, her elaborate woodwork and fine decor. As the date of her maiden voyage approached, the completed Olympic suffered a collision and required extensive repairs, increasing the workload at Harland & Wolff, which was already struggling to complete Titanic on schedule. Titanic's maiden voyage was delayed from March 20 to April 10.

    Titanic was 883 feet long (1/6 of a mile), 92 feet wide and weighed 46,328 tons. She was 104 feet tall from keel to bridge, almost 35 feet of which were below the waterline... even so, she stood taller above the water than most urban buildings of the time. There were three real smoke-stacks; a fourth, dummy stack was added largely to increase the impression of her gargantuan size and power and to vent smoke from her numerous kitchens and galleys. She was the largest movable object ever made by man. The ship's immense size and complexity is illustrated by an incident recalled by Second Officer Lightoller. There was a gangway door on the starboard side aft "large enough to drive a horse and cart through." Yet three officers who joined the ship during her preparations spent a whole day simply trying to find their way to it.

    Moreover, she was designed to be a marvel of modern safety technology. She had a double-hull of 1-inch thick steel plates and a (heavily publicized) system of 16 water-tight compartments, sealed by massive doors which could be instantly triggered by a single electric switch on the bridge, or even automatically by electric water-sensors. The press began to call her "unsinkable."

    Her accommodations were the most modern and luxurious on any ocean, and included electric light and heat in every room, electric elevators, a swimming pool, a squash court (considered terribly modern), a Turkish Bath, a gymnasium with a mechanical horse and mechanical camel to keep riders fit, and staterooms and first class facilities to rival the best hotels on the Continent. First class passengers would glide down a six-story, glass-domed grand staircase to enjoy haute cuisine in the sumptuous first class dining saloon that filled the width of the ship on D Deck. For those who desired a more intimate atmosphere, Titanic also offered a stately ?la carte restaurant, the chic Palm Court and Verandah restaurant, and the festive Cafe Parisien. She offered two musical ensembles (rather than the standard one) of the best musicians on the Atlantic, many of them lured from rival liners. There were two libraries, first- and second-class. Even the third class (steerage) cabins were more luxurious than the first class cabins on some lesser steamships, and boasted amenities (like indoor toilet facilities) that some of Titanic's emigrant passengers had not enjoyed in their own homes.

    The original design called for 32 lifeboats. However, White Star management felt that the boat-deck would look cluttered, and reduced the number to 20, for a total life-boat capacity of 1178. This actually exceeded the regulations of the time, even though Titanic was capable of carrying over 3500 people (passengers and crew).

    The maiden voyage lured the "very best people:" British nobility, American industrialists, the very cream of New York and Philadelphia society. It also attracted many poor emigrants, hoping to start a new life in America or Canada.

    The journey began at Southampton on Wednesday April 10, 1912 at Noon. By sundown, Titanic had stopped in Cherbourg, France to pick up additional passengers. That evening she sailed for Queenstown, Ireland, and at 1:30 PM on Thursday, April 11, she headed out into the Atlantic.

    The seasoned transatlantic passengers were deeply impressed by the new ship. She was so massive that they barely felt the movement of the sea at all. Her huge, powerful engines produced almost none of the annoying vibration common on other steamers, and their noise was barely perceptible. And she achieved this extraordinary level of comfort while traveling at 22 knots, not the fastest boat on the route, but certainly one of the top five.

    Weather was pleasant and clear, and the water temperature was about 55 degrees. The winter of 1912 had been unusually mild, and unprecedented amounts of ice had broken loose from the arctic regions. Titanic was equipped with Marconi's new wireless telegraph system and her two Marconi operators kept the wireless room running 24 hours a day. On Sunday, April 14, the fifth day at sea, Titanic received five different ice-warnings, but the captain was not overly concerned. The ship steamed ahead at 22 knots, and the line's Managing Director J. Bruce Ismay relished the idea of arriving in New York a day ahead of schedule.

    On the night of April 14, wireless operator Phillips was very busy sending chatty passenger's messages to Cape Race, Newfoundland, whence they could be relayed inland to friends and relatives. He received a sixth ice-warning that night, but didn't realize how close Titanic was to the position of the warning, and put that message under a paperweight at his elbow. It never reached Captain Smith or the officer on the bridge.

    By all accounts, the night was uncommonly clear and dark, moonless but faintly glowing with an incredible sky full of stars. The stars were so bright that one officer mistook the planet Jupiter (then rising just above the horizon) for a steamship light.

    The sea was, likewise, unusually calm and flat, "like glass" said many survivors. The lack of waves made it even more difficult to spot icebergs, since there was no telltale white water breaking at the edges of the bergs.

    At 11:40, a lookout in the crow's nest spotted an iceberg dead ahead. He notified the bridge and First Officer Murdoch ordered the ship turned hard to port. He signaled the engine room to reverse direction, full astern. The ship turned slightly, but it was much too large, moving much too fast, and the iceberg was much too close. 37 seconds later, the greatest maritime disaster in history began. During that night of heroism, terror and tragedy, 705 lives were saved, 1502 lives were lost, and many legends were born.

    There are many books and online sources available for further information on the Titanic. It is worth noting that even the factual information about Titanic varies widely between the different sources. For all that is known and theorized about Titanic, it is in many ways still a mystery. Among the books are:

    TITANIC, An Illustrated History, by Don Lynch and Ken Marschall, 1992

    A NIGHT TO REMEMBER by Walter Lord, 1955

    THE NIGHT LIVES ON by Walter Lord, 1986

    THE STORY OF THE TITANIC AS TOLD BY ITS SURVIVORS edited by Jack Winocur, 1960 (containing "The Loss of the SS Titanic, Its Story and Its Lessons" by Lawrence Beesley, 1912, "The Truth about the Titanic" by Col. Archibald Gracie, 1913, relevant chapters from "Titanic and Other Ships" by Commander Charles Lightoller, 1935 and Asst. Marconi Operator Harold Bride's account as published in the New York Times of April 28, 1912.)

    TITANIC - TRIUMPH & TRAGEDY by John P. Eaton and Charles Haas 1988 (second edition 1994)



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  • 好男
    Lv 5
    2 decades ago

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  • 2 decades ago



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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago


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  • 2 decades ago


    My Heart Will Go On

    Every night in my dreams

    I see you, I feel you,

    That is how I know you go on

    Far across the distance

    And spaces between us

    You have come to show you go on

    Near, far, wherever you are

    I believe that the heart does go on

    Once more you open the door

    And youre here in my heart

    And my heart will go on and on

    Love can touch us one time

    And last for a lifetime

    And never let go till were one

    Love was when I loved you

    One true time I hold to

    In my life well always go on

    Near, far, wherever you are

    I believe that the heart does go on

    Once more you open the door

    And youre here in my heart

    And my he art will go on and on

    There is some love that will not go away

    Youre here, theres nothing I fear,

    And I know that my heart will go on

    Well stay forever this way

    You are safe in my heart

    And my heart will go on and on











    一、交換理論:Blau的交換理論認為愛情的產生和持續是兩人互惠、互利,滿足平衡的結果。故筆者認為劇中的主人翁,Rose 與 Jack兩人之間愛情的產生就在於Rose當時正處於面臨生命中重大抉擇的時期;生活中的重大改變、與Carl結婚並且必需離開從小生活習慣的環境,再加上未婚夫並未能瞭解其內心的感受,而Jack在此刻適時的出現,喜愛繪畫並且是畫師的Jack,正好投Rose所好。而且Rose自小的生活環境優渥,但是其接受的生活教育中充滿了禮教束縛,對於此種處處受限的生活在Rose的內心產生極大的反動,故Rose對於自由的生活有了極度的嚮往。而Jack自小生活在下階層的環境當中,而當時的社會環境裏存在著極大的貧富差距,不能避免的Jack對於當時上階層社會繁華富裕的環境也感到好奇。兩人在鐵達尼上相遇之後,此種情愫立刻投射在對方身上,並在對方身上找到了滿足。


    John Lee提出的六種愛情風格包誇有熱烈型、遊戲型、友伴型、神經質型、實際型與付出型。而以Rose與Jack的愛情風格而言,筆者認為應是介於熱烈型與付出型之間。熱烈型是一見鍾情式的,Rose在死亡的邊緣掙扎,而在危急的狀況之下,正如在過橋實驗中所提出者;當事人在面臨危險之際,心跳加速,面紅耳赤等生理反應產生。而此時Jack出現了,並且尤如英雄般的解除了Rose當時的困境,一見鍾情式的愛情就此產生。而付出型此種完全以對方為主,可以為愛付出,犧牲自己的一切;而在片中的結局,Jack為救Rose犧牲了自己的生命,完全的付出,直到生命的盡頭。而現實生活中的人們,能夠有如此偉大的情操嗎?另一劇中人物,Carl也正好與Jack做了一完全相反的對照,其與Rose的愛情風格正是典型的實際型,講究實際,並且如選購商品般的精打細算。Carl看中的是Rose的身家背景、Rose的美貌,為此他付出了大筆的金錢,並且為了討Rose的歡心,花大筆的鈔票買來在他眼中一文不值的畫,甚至在得知Rose與Jack在一起之後,為了挽回美人的芳心,更是不惜鉅資,送給Rose海洋之心的項鍊。筆者認為以Carl的觀點來看,他認為能滿足Rose物質上的享受,正是愛Rose的最佳表現吧!







    在鐵劇中,Carl與Rose的分手是最好的投資模式的例子。因對Carl而言,Rose 是一件非常有價值的財產;就像花錢買股票,或買一項有價的財產一樣,使得Carl在Rose的身上投資了大筆的鈔票。但現在因為Jack的介入,對Carl而言,正有如股市大崩盤一般,他所有的投資一下子付諸流水;而Carl本身的社會背景、地位更讓他吞不下這口奪妻之恨,此種現象一下爆發並反應在Carl持槍追殺Jack與rose的過程中。尤其以Carl的情況而言,在他身旁並沒有可資替代的對象,也就是在Carl身旁並無其他人可供選擇,故在此種狀況下的分手情境,更令Carl感到不堪。至於Rose表現在投資理論上的則是他對精神、靈魂上的投資勝於物質、感官上的投資,因此他選擇了Jack。對Rose而言,短短在船上的兩天時間,卻代表了永恆。但反過來看,若我們把時間拉長到十年、二十年,Rose仍會堅持他當初的選擇嗎?也許會,也許……。
















      「 我們可以活好久好久,一直活到三百年…」一個含著淚水卻心有不忍的慈母,撫摸著正躺在床上的一對兒女,在母親最後的呵護下入睡,卻這樣一睡不起……。  





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