luvshell_32 asked in 社會與文化語言 · 1 decade ago

請幫我翻這篇文章!! 要用翻譯軟體也行....20點!!

請幫我翻這篇文章!! 要用翻譯軟體也行 但是翻完後看一下順不順!!!!!謝謝

日韓關係驟起波瀾與日本的進攻性外交

  近日,圍繞獨島(日本稱竹島)的主權之爭,以及日本對北韓半島殖民統治的歷史問題,韓日兩國關係驟起波瀾,齟齬不斷。引起國際社會密切關注。

  3月1日,南韓總統盧武鉉在南韓“三一運動”86週年紀念大會上發表演說時強調,日本應該對在二戰中對北韓半島人民造成的傷害做出“真誠道歉”,該賠償就賠償。南韓輿論稱,這是繼南韓前總統李承晚之後,首位發表類似講話的南韓國家元首。而日本共同社則指出,盧武鉉過去一直不把歷史問題作為外交上的爭論點,在時值日韓邦交正常化40週年之際,盧武鉉的此番發言,是向日本表明,若日方不做努力,日韓關係的發展將舉步維艱,同時表達了韓方對日本的不滿。盧武鉉的演說得到南韓各政黨的積極響應,同時引起日本政界的震動。

  然而,縱觀此次韓日外交糾紛,從某種意義上說,是日本一手“導演”的,是日本“進攻性外交”的又一次“嘗試”。此次韓日外交風波,以下幾點值得注意。

  第一,竹島(韓稱獨島)主權新一輪糾紛由日本主動挑起。2月23日,日本島根縣議會議員聯盟提出“竹島日”條例議案,引起南韓朝野強烈抗議;然而,對南韓的抗議,日本政府以中央政府“無法”干預島根縣議會為由予以拒絕,未有採取任何措施;隨後,日本駐南韓大使高野紀元在漢城發表“竹島是日本領土”的言論,激起南韓更強烈抗議,有南韓民眾甚至宣稱要驅逐和殺死高野紀元;之後,才有南韓總統盧武鉉借“三一運動”紀念大會說了“重話”。日韓外交風波升級。

  第二,日本主動挑起爭議,試探一番,然後採取“進二步退一步”的方式“滅火”,欲平息外交風波。日本島根縣23日提出“竹島日”條例議案之後,南韓上下反應強烈,但日本政府以各種理由推搪,未採取任何外交行動予以化解,反而借其駐韓大使的言論“火上澆油”,事態日趨嚴重。至此,日本政府仍在靜觀其變。但南韓政府立場堅定,態度強硬,總統盧武鉉在“三一”紀念大會上直言要日本反省歷史,真誠謝罪,並要求日本賠償。同時南韓民眾的抗議活動持續,且不斷升級。直至此時,日本政要才趕緊出來“滅火”。上至首相小泉純一郎,外相町村信孝,下至外務省高官,紛紛發表講話,表示重視日韓關係,要一邊反省歷史,一邊著眼日韓關係未來。日本外務省高官稱,慮及“竹島日”議案影響日韓關係,呼籲島根縣議會“擱置”議案,但該官同時又表示“中央政府說什麼也無用”。顯然,這為“竹島日”議案的表決、通過留有餘地。在此過程中,日本政府的策略是:主動出擊,胡攪蠻纏,試探一番,遭遇強大壓力後,則往後縮一下。以達到“跨二步退一步”的外交成果。這是日本“進攻性外交”慣用的伎倆。

  第三,日本此次的進攻性外交可能得不償失。在二戰期間,遭受日本傷害的亞洲國家中,又以中國、北韓和南韓為甚,但日本對中、韓、朝等國家卻未有任何賠償。輿論分析指出,有關戰爭賠償的問題,一直是韓日之間高度敏感的內容之一,但是盧武鉉此番演說卻主動觸及,非常引人注目。而且盧武鉉在講話中還坦承,南韓政府在韓日簽訂建交協定和對日本殖民統治時期的受害者進行賠償問題上存在不足。他並且表示,由南韓政府對國民個人的索賠權進行單方面處理的做法確實讓人難以接受,南韓政府將積極努力解決這個問題。此舉是否意味南韓政府支援甚至出面代南韓民眾以個人身份對日進行索償?而與此同時,中國外交部發言人表示,中韓兩國對日本帝國主義發動的侵略戰爭的有關看法基本一致。中方在有關賠償問題上的立場是明確的,日方應妥善處理好戰爭遺留下的有關問題。分析人士稱,儘管中國方面尚未有與盧武鉉類似的表示,但如果中韓朝等受害國,在戰爭賠償問題上採取一致的對日政策,即使不涉及國家之間的賠款,單是諸如“慰安婦”、二戰勞工等個人的賠償和訴訟,也將使日本政府陷入窘境而難以應付。

  歸納起來,日本“進攻性外交”的特點是:主動出擊,態度強硬,咄咄逼人,調門也高,表現出很強的進攻性、擴張性。引人注意的是,小泉政府上臺後,先是連續不斷地參拜靖國神社,與亞洲鄰國施展其“神社外交”的疲勞戰術,並在歷史問題上不斷傷害亞洲鄰國人民的感情,衝撞亞洲受害鄰國的心理底線,企圖借此突破日本外交的困境。但是事實證明這一招難以得逞。去年下半年開始,小泉政府不再在靖國神社問題上做文章,轉打在日本國內更具民意基礎的“主權牌”。於是,不斷地在中日之間挑起東海能源、釣魚島等事涉主權的爭議,並直接插手台灣問題,再顯其咄咄逼人的外交政策。一方面顯示日本對外政策的強硬,爭取其國內更高的認同性和支援率;另一方面借此打壓中國,為未來兩國競爭,奪取海洋資源和戰略制高點,提升其在亞洲的大國地位和影響力。

  實際上,日本外交思維傳統上就是與強者為伍,從20世紀初的日英同盟,到冷戰時期及冷戰後的美日軍事同盟都秉持和體現了這種外交思維。此外日本採取進攻性外交策略的背景,還包括美日同盟關係的深化,美國支援日本在東亞發揮更大作用,而日本則借此實現其政治大國和軍事大國的圖謀,為其爭取成為聯合國常任理事國積蓄力量。日本近年的一系列動作,如修改和平憲法,出兵阿富汗、伊拉克,參與蘇丹維和,以及派出自衛隊參加印尼海嘯救災等等,都是為此目的服務的。這也是日本進攻性外交政策的重要方面。

  但是,日本作為東亞具有重要影響的國家,實現與中韓等鄰國的和解,友好相處,和諧共贏,更符合日本自身的國家利益。而過分迷戀對外強硬、製造麻煩的進攻性外交,必然導致與鄰國關係的惡化和對抗,使日本喪失友鄰支援與和諧的周邊環境,進而最終損害自身的利益

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  • 1 decade ago
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    The relations of Japan and Korea S. arouse disturbances with the offensive diplomacy of Japan suddenly Recently, around the battle with sovereign right of the only island (Japan calls the bamboo island ), and the historical problem to colonial rule of north Korea Peninsula of Japan, the relations between the two countries of S. Korea and Japan arouse disturbances suddenly, the discord is constant. Cause the international community to pay close attention to. On March 1, S.Korean president Lu WuXuan emphasizes when issue the speech at the commemoration meeting in the 86th anniversary in " a sport " in Korea S., Japan should be to making" apologizing to the injury that the north people in Korea Peninsula cause sincerely " in World War II, it's time to compensate for and compensate. The S.Korean public opinion claims , this is delivering and is similar to the S.Korean head of state who talked firstly following Li ChengWan, former president of Korea S.. Japanese Kyodo News Service points out , Lu WuXuan had not regarding historical problem as the diplomatic issue all the time in the past, in when when being on duty for the day for Korea S. 40 of normalization of relationses anniversary,Lu the speech of WuXuan, indicate to Japan , if Japanese side does not make hard , the development of the relations of Japan and Korea S. will have difficulty in taking a step, expressed the S.Korean discontent to Japan at the same time . Lu WuXuan's speech gets the positive response of every S.Korean political party, causes the vibrations of the Japanese political circles at the same time . However, make a general survey of S. Korea and Japan's diplomatic dispute this time, in a sense, Japan " director " all alone, is another " trying " of Japan's " offensive diplomacy ". S. Korea and Japan's diplomatic disturbance this time, the following several points are noteworthy. First, one new round of disputes of sovereignty is shouldered voluntarily by Japan on the bamboo island (Korea S. calls the only island ). On February 23, Congressman's alliance of parliament of Shimane county of Japan proposes the regulations proposal of " bamboo island day ", cause the S.Korean court and the commonalty to protest strongly; However, to the protest of Korea S., the Japanese government refuses on the grounds that the central government is " unable " to intervene the parliament of Shimane county, have not taken any measure ; Afterwards, Japanese Ambassador to Korea S. publishes the speech that is " the territory of Japan on the bamboo island " in Seoul in high wild era, evoking Korea S. protests strongly even more , the S.Korean people even declare in high wild era that wants to expel and kill; Later , just S.Korean president Lu WuXuan borrowed the commemoration meeting of " a sport " and said " hard words ". Japan and Korea S.'s diplomatic disturbance is upgraded. Second, Japan provokes the dispute voluntarily, sounds out it, then " put out a fire " , want to put down the diplomatic disturbance in way to take " entering two steps and returning one step ". Japan Shimane county propose " day such as island such as bamboo " regulations after the proposal , Korea S. about responses strong one, but the Japanese government offers an excuse and stall off with various kinds of reasons, has not adopted any diplomatic action to dissolve , borrow its Ambassador to Korea S.'s speech and " add fuel to the flames " instead, the state of affair is becoming more serious. So far, Japanese government is still waiting and seeing. But S.Korean government's position strengthens, the attitude is tough , the president Lu WuXuan states outright and wants Japan to introspect in history at the commemoration meeting of " three one ", apologize for an offence sincerely, and require Japan to compensate. At the same time the protest of the S.Korean people is sustained, and is upgrading constantly. Until at this moment, Japanese political V.I.P. comes out to " put out a fire " at once. Have it to prime minister Junichiro Koizumi, the letter filial piety of foreign minister's Ding village, to the high-ranking official of Gaimusho, deliver a speech one after another, show that pays attention to the relations of Japan and Korea S. , should introspect in history on one side, have the relation future of Japan and Korea S. in mind on one side. The high-ranking official of Japanese Gaimusho claims , the proposal influences the relations of Japan and Korea S. on considering and " bamboo island day ", call upon the parliament of Shimane county to " lay the proposal aside ", but this officer expresses " the central government says that anything is useless " again at the same time . Obviously, this, for vote , passing and allowing some leeway of the proposal of " bamboo island day ". In this course, the Japanese government's tactics are: Hit out voluntarily, plague with unreasonable demands , sound out it, after encountering the strong pressure , contract backward. In order to reach the diplomatic achievement of " stepping two steps and returning one step ". This is habitual trick of Japan's " offensive diplomacy ". Third, the offensive diplomacy this time of Japan may lose more than gain . During World War II, in the Asian countries which suffer Japan's injury, it is very with China , North Korea and Korea S., but Japan to in, Korea S., it is since not towards,etc. country: any compensation. The public opinion analyse that points out , the question about war indemnity has one of the extremely sensitive contents between S. Korea and Japan all the time , but this speech of Lu WuXuan is touched voluntarily , very noticeable. And WuXuan Lu admit frankly Korea S. government sign protocol of establishing diplomatic relations and colonize to Japan ruling period victim carry on compensation exist insufficiently at the question in S. Korea and Japan also in talk. He and showing , are carried on the method to deal with to the people personal right to claim unilaterally and really made people difficult to accept by the S.Korean government, S.Korean government will make great efforts to solve this problem actively. Does this measure mean that the S.Korean government supports even take the place of the S.Korean people to carry on the claim to day with the personal identity? And meanwhile, the spokesman of Chinese Ministry of Foreign Affairs says , the relevant views of war of aggression which China and Korea S. launch to Japan's imperialism are unanimous basically. Chinese side's position on relevant compensation questions is clear, Japanese side should handle relevant problems that the war leaves over well properly . The analyst claims , though China side has not had expression similar to Lu WuXuan yet, but if in wait for S. Korean and Korean injured country ,on war indemnity it to adopt is unanimous for policy of day, even not involve the indemnity between the countries , the personal compensation and lawsuit only such as " comfort woman " , World War II labourer etc. , will make the Japanese government be stranded and unbearable too. To sum up, the characteristic of Japan's " offensive diplomacy " is: Hitting out voluntarily, the attitude is tough , overbearing , the pitch is high too, demonstrate very strong offensiveness , expansion. The noticeable one is, after Koizumi government assumes power , pay one's respects to Yasukuni Shrine successively first , put the tired tactics of its " diplomacy of sacrificial place " to good use with the neighbouring country of Asia, and is injuring the people's emotion of neighbouring country of Asia constantly on the historical problem, offend the psychological bottom line of the injured neighbouring country of Asia, attempt to borrow this and break through Japan's diplomatic predicament . But the fact proves this trick difficult to succeed. Began last the second half year, Koizumi government no longer makes an issue of Yasukuni Shrine's question, transfering to and making has " sovereignty brand " on foundation of the will of the people even more in Japan. Then, are provoking the dispute that the things , such as energy , Diaoyu Island of East China Sea ,etc. involve in the sovereignty between China and Japan constantly, and meddle in the Taiwan Issue directly , show again its overbearing foreign policy. Show Japan foreign policy tough , try domestic recognizing same sex and support rate high its on one hand; Borrow this and come as a hard blow at China on the other hand, it is two countries' competition of future, capture the marine resources and strategic commanding point, improve the position and influence power in the big country of Asia of it In fact Japan's diplomatic thinking just associates with powerhouse traditionally Japan Great Britain alliance at the beginning of the 20th century Have gone to cold war period and military alliance of America and Japan after the cold war to all adhere to and reflect such diplomatic thinking In addition Japan adopts the background of the diplomatic tactics of offensiveness Still include the promotion of alliance's relation between America and Japan U.S.A. supports Japan to play a greater role in east Asia Japan borrowed its plot of political big country and military big country of realization Strive for and become the permanent member of the United Nations and accumulate strength for it A series of movements in recent years in Japan Such as revising the peaceful constitution Dispatch troops to Afghanistan Iraq Participate in the Sudan's peacekeeping And send the self-defence corps to participate in Indonesian tsunami and provide disaster relief etc. All serve to this end This is an important respect of Japan's offensive foreign policy too But Japan is as the most influential country of east Asia Realize the conciliation with the neighbouring countries , such as China and South Korea ,etc. Maintain harmonious and friendly relationships Win together harmoniously Accord with the national benefit of Japanese oneself even more And is crazy about excessivly externally Make the offensive diplomacy of the trouble Must cause the deterioration of the relation with neighbouring country and confront with each other Make Japan lose the friendly neighbour and support it with the harmonious surrounding enviroment And then damage one's own interests finally

    Source(s): 我是用Dr.eye翻譯機
  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    Japan-South Korea relation gets up suddenly great waves and japanese offensive diplomatism

    odd-come-shortly, begird alone island (Japan weighs bamboo island)Imperium compete, and Japan peninsula colonization is regnant historical problem to north Korea, Han day two countries relation get up suddenly great waves, gap is constantly. Cause community of nations osculation pay attention to.

    3 month on the oneth day, president South Korea Roh Moo-Hyun is at South Korea "31 sport "86 anniversaries commemoration congress on publishes orate time emphasize on, Japan should to in to north Korea peninsula people result in hurt make at world War II "Apologize honestly ", should compensate compensate. South Korea public opinion weighs, this is follow South Korea ex-president Li Cheng Wan after, primacy publishes analogous speak's South Korea chief of state. But Japan Kyodo point out, Roh Moo-Hyun passes does not as historical problem diplomatic contention all the time, is ating a time when Japan-South Korea international relations normalize 40 anniversaries time, Roh Moo-Hyun's this time speak, indicate to Japan, if Japan authorities does not make try hard, Japan-South Korea relation's development is will takes a step barely survives, meanwhile express Han side to japanese disaffection. Roh Moo-Hyun's oration get South Korea each party's actively respond to, meanwhile cause Japan political circles' shake.

    but, take a wide view this Han day diplomatism dispute, say from some kind meaning, is Japan proficiency "Director ", is Japan "Offensive diplomatism "Is again "Try ". This Han day diplomatism disturbance, under several points of worth pay attention to.

    the 1st, bamboo island (Han weigh alone island)Imperium new a ring dispute by Japan initiative provoke .2 month on the 23th day, Japan island prefectural assembly member federation brings up "Bamboo island day "Regulations bill, cause South Korea government and people mightily protest; But, protest is to South Korea, Japan government is as central government "Can not "Disturbance island county assembly ases an excuse give refuse, do not have adopt any measure; Subsequently, Japan stations South Korea ambassador high wild era publish at Seoul "Bamboo island is Japan domain "Words, arose South Korea stronger protest, have South Korea civilian even allege want to deport and kill high wild era; After, just have president South Korea Roh Moo-Hyun borrow "31 sport "Commemoration congress says "Heavy word ". Japan-South Korea diplomatism disturbance upgrade.

    the second, Japan provokes controversy initiative, feel a round of, then adopt "Enter two steps quit a step "Style "Fire fight ", want to appease diplomatism disturbance. Japan island county brings up on the 23th day "Bamboo island day "After regulations bill, South Korea fluctuation reacts strong, but Japan government as all sorts of reason pushes ward off, do not adopt any diplomatism action give settle, borrow it station Han ambassador's words instead "Aggravates the situation ", state of affairs is serious increasingly. Thus, Japan government is still contemplatoring it change. But South Korea government stand ground, adopt a tough attitude, president Roh Moo-Hyun is at "31 "Commemoration congress on opens out want Japan introspection history, apologize for an offense honestly, and request Japan compensate. Meanwhile South Korea civilian's protest activity abidingly, and upgrade constantly. Until this moment, Japan high-ranking officials just out speedily "Fire fight ". On is to premier Junichiro Koizumi, foreign minister Ting Cun letter filial piety, under is to foreign Service dignitary, publish speak respectively, denote think well of Japan-South Korea relation, want one side reflect on history, one side fix attention on Japan-South Korea relation future. Japan foreign Service dignitary weighs, consider and "Bamboo island day "Bill affection Japan-South Korea relation, shout Yu island county assembly "Table "Bill, but should official meanwhile denote again "Central government says anything uselessness ". Obviously, this is for "Bamboo island day "Bill's vote, by leave some leeway. Process in here, Japan governmental tactic is : initiative hit out, harass sb. with unreasonable demands, feel a round of, encounter powerful pressure behind, then in the future contract one time. As reach to "Step two steps quit a step "Diplomatism harvest. This is Japan "Offensive diplomatism "Convention's trick.

    the third, Japan this offensive diplomatism maybe not worth the effort. During world War II, suffer in Japan scathing Asia, as China again, north Korea and South Korea acts for very, but Japan is to in, Han, but towards wait for country does not have any compensate. Public opinion analyzes point out, relevance war indemnity's problem, is Han day between sensitive content one of the height all the time, but but Roh Moo-Hyun this time orate initiative touch, very conspicuous. And Roh Moo-Hyun still admit in speak, South Korea government day sign establish diplomatic relations agreement and to Japan colonial domination period's victim proceed compensation problem on exist lack at Han. He and denote, by South Korea government personal claim right proceeds dispose way of doing actually let person hard to accept to subject unilateral, South Korea government will actively try hard settle this problem. Whether meaning South Korea government does this action support even appear personally a generation South Korea civilian individually proceed large rope repay to day? But meanwhile, China the Ministry of Foreign Affairs addressor denotes, in Han two countries imperialism call on aggressive war's relevance opinion basic unanimous to Japan. Chinese authorities standpoint is definite on relevance compensation problem, Japan authorities should appropriately dispose good war lose leave the problem. Analysis scholars weighs, although China aspect not yet have with Roh Moo-Hyun analogous denote, but if in Han towards wait for injured state, adopt unanimous policy to day on war indemnity problem, even if does not involve country between indemnity, Shan such as "Comfort woman ", world War II laborer waits for personal compensation and lawsuit, will make Japan government fall into awkward situation but hard to deal with too.

    generalizes rise, Japan "Offensive diplomatism "Feature is : initiative hit out, adopt a tough attitude, aggressive, change the direction is high too, behave come out very strong offensive, dilatancy. Attractive is, springlet government goes on stage behind, to go back to the beginning continuous pay respects to peace country shrine constantly, put to good use it with Asia neighboring country "Shrine diplomatism "Is tired tactics, and hurt Asia neighboring country people's emotion constantly on historical problem, justle Asia is murdered neighboring country's psychology underline, attempt borrow this break through Japan diplomatic difficulty. But fact proves this confess hard to have one's way. Started last year next half year, springlet government is no longer make an issue of on peace country shrine problem, turn beat at home have popular opinion basic at Japan much "Imperium brand ". And then, constantly between China-Japan provoke Donghai energy sources, Diaoyu island waits for matter wade imperium's controversy, and directly intervene Taiwan problem, display it aggressive foreign policy again. On one hand show Japan external policy's tough, seize it higher identification sex and support rate at home; On the other hand borrow this beat press China, two countries competition future, capture marine resource and strategy commanding point, promote it at Asian power country position and influence.

    is actually, Japan diplomatism thought traditionarily with powerful man associates with, from 20 centuries initial day English confederation, to cold war period and cold war posterior beauty day military alliance city grasps hold and embody this kind of diplomatism thought. Besides Japan adopts offensive diplomatism tactic's background, still include beauty day confederation relation's deepen, America supports Japan exert bigger effect at East Asia, but Japan borrow this accomplish it politics power country and military power country's conspiracy, seize become the United Nations permanent council member amassment strength for it. Japan recent years' a series of action, like amendment pacifist Constitution, dispatch troops Afghanistan, Iraq, go in for Sudan peace-keeping, and send militia join Indonesia tsunami provide disaster relief and so on, is all with this end in view ministrant. This is Japan offensive foreign policy's important aspect too.

    But , Japan as East Asia possesses important affection's country, accomplish with in Han wait for neighboring country's reconciliation, get along with friendly, harmony win total, accord with Japan oneself national interest much. But excessively is infatuated with external tough, manufacture troubled offensive diplomatism, must lead to with neighboring country relation's deterioration and confront, make Japan lose friendly neighbour support with harmonious periphery environment, and furthur damage oneself benefit finally

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