Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

請幫我翻一下這些經濟學的原文筆記~3(給20點喔!還有別題)

課抄了筆記~也有聽~

但是就是有點翻不順~

請會的大大幫幫忙~~還蠻多的~~

Statements about what is are called positive statements. They say what is currently understood about the way the world operates. A positive statement might be right or wrong, and we test a positive statement by checking it against the data.

Statements about what ought to be are called normative statements. This statement depends on values and can not be test.

The take of economic science is to discover and catalog positive statements that are consistent with what we observe in the world and that enable us to understand now the economic world works. This task is large one that can be broken into three steps:

1. Observing and measuring

2. Model building

3. Testing

Economics 為什麼是社會科學?

We’re have defined economics as the social science that studies the choices that individuals and societies make as they cope with scarcity.

1. Observing and measuring

The first step toward understanding how the economist world works is to observe and measure it. Economists keep track of huge amounts of economic data.

2. Opportunity cost

A choice is simply a comparison of alternatives when one option is chosen; the benefits of the alternatives are forgone. Economists refer to the forgone opportunity or forgone benefits of the next best alternatives as opportunity cost— the highest— valued alternative that must be forgone when a choice is made. Opportunity costs are part of every decision and activity. Each choice means giving up something else.

Trade-off and decision

Life is a continuous sequence of decisions, and every single decision involves choosing one thing over another or trading of something for something else.

A trade-off means giving up one good or activity in order to obtain some other good or activity. Once you made a decision, you are deciding whether to continuous or to do something else. What should I do for the “next”? The “next” is the addition, or what economists call the marginal.

Marking choices involves comparing the marginal cost and the marginal benefits.

Marginal means “change”, so a decision involves the comparison of a change in benefits and a change in cost.

Update:

請翻順一點喔~我也有翻譯軟體啦~只是通常翻出來都不太順!

3 Answers

Rating
  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    聲明關於什麼是叫做正面聲明。他們說什麼當前被瞭解關於方式世界經營。一個正面聲明也許是不錯或錯誤的, 並且我們測試一個正面聲明由檢查它反對資料。

    聲明關於什麼應該是叫做基準聲明。這個聲明取決於價值, 無法是測試。經濟學作為將發現並且編目與的正面聲明什麼我們觀察在並且是一致的使我們現在瞭解經濟世界的世界運作。這項任務是大一個可能打破三步: 1. 觀察的和測量的2. 式樣樓3. 測試

    什麼是社會學?

    我們是定義了經濟作為學習選擇個體和社會做出的社會科學當他們應付缺乏。1. 觀察和測量第一步往瞭解怎麼經濟學家世界工作將觀察和測量它。經濟學家記錄巨大的相當數量經濟資料。2. 機會成本

    交易和決定生活是決定一個連續的序列, 並且每一個決定介入選擇一事另一或換某事為其他。交易意味給一個好或活動為了獲得一些其它好或活動。一旦您做出了一個決定, 您決定是否對連續或做其他。我應該做什麼為"下"? "下" 是加法, 或什麼經濟學家叫少量。標記選擇介入比較邊際成本和少量的好處。少量的手段"改變", 因此決定介入一個變化在好處上和一個變化的比較在費用上。

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    實證理論就是就事論事。也就是在世界上所被了解的現象 。

    實證的現象也許是對的也許是錯的。我們利用一些資料來驗證這個實證理論。

    規範理論就是事情的應該怎麼做。

    這個理論所依據的是主觀的價值與否。

    而經濟學是為了發現並分析實證的現象,其內容包涵了在這個世界上我們是如何運作的,以及讓我們了解人們的經濟活動。

    這個巨大的工程大致可分為三個步驟:

    1.觀察與衡量。

    2.模型的建立。

    3.測試模型。

    經濟學為什麼是社會科學?

    我們定義經濟學是社會科學主要因為是個人與社會必須因為面臨稀少性所做的選擇。

    1.觀察與衡量

    第一個步驟主要是了解世界上的經濟活動是如何運作的,並且加以衡量。經濟學便是依循著這眾多的經濟資訊來研究的。

    2.機會成本

    當作了一個選擇時,也意謂著另一個利益被放棄。經濟學注意的是當下了一個決定時,被放棄的最高的機會或是利益。機會成本是每一個決定及活動的一部份。每一個決定意謂著放棄另一些。

    交易與決定

    生活是一連串不斷的決定,每一個決定包括了選擇一個而放棄另一個。交易意謂著放棄一個好的為了得到另一個更好的。一旦你做了一個決定,你也必須再不斷的做下一個決定。下一步我該怎麼做?下一步是附加的,經濟學稱之為邊際。做一個決定包括了比較邊際成本與邊際利潤。邊際意謂著「選擇」,所以一個決定包括了一個成本與利潤的選擇。

    Source(s):
  • 2 decades ago

    Statements about what is are called positive statements. They say what is currently understood about the way the world operates. A positive statement might be right or wrong, and we test a positive statement by checking it against the data.

    Statements about what ought to be are called normative statements. This statement depends on values and can not be test.

    The take of economic science is to discover and catalog positive statements that are consistent with what we observe in the world and that enable us to understand now the economic world works. This task is large one that can be broken into three steps:

    1. Observing and measuring

    2. Model building

    3. Testing

    Economics 為什麼是社會科學?

    We’re have defined economics as the social science that studies the choices that individuals and societies make as they cope with scarcity.

    1. Observing and measuring

    The first step toward understanding how the economist world works is to observe and measure it. Economists keep track of huge amounts of economic data.

    2. Opportunity cost

    A choice is simply a comparison of alternatives when one option is chosen; the benefits of the alternatives are forgone. Economists refer to the forgone opportunity or forgone benefits of the next best alternatives as opportunity cost— the highest— valued alternative that must be forgone when a choice is made. Opportunity costs are part of every decision and activity. Each choice means giving up something else.

    Trade-off and decision

    Life is a continuous sequence of decisions, and every single decision involves choosing one thing over another or trading of something for something else.

    A trade-off means giving up one good or activity in order to obtain some other good or activity. Once you made a decision, you are deciding whether to continuous or to do something else. What should I do for the “next”? The “next” is the addition, or what economists call the marginal.

    Marking choices involves comparing the marginal cost and the marginal benefits.

    Marginal means “change”, so a decision involves the comparison of a change in benefits and a change in cost.

    陳述關於什麼叫陳述原級。 他們說什麼目前被關於世界操作的路理解。 一個積極的陳述可以是正確或者錯誤的, 並且我們測試正的由對數據檢查它作的聲明。 陳述關於什麼應該叫陳述標準。 這個陳述取決于價值並且不能是試驗。 攝製經濟科學 發現是和是的原級的目錄陳述與一致我們觀察到底和那使我們能夠現下理解經濟世界工作。 這任務可能插入3 步的大那個︰ 1 . 監測2。 模型第3 大樓。 測試經濟學 為什麼是社會科學? 當他們應付缺乏時,極小已經把經濟學定義為研究個人和社會做的選擇的社會科學。 1 . 為理解經濟學家世界怎樣工作,這將監測它監測第一步。 經濟學家跟蹤大量經濟數據。 2 . 當一種選擇被選擇時,選擇僅僅是一種選擇的比較的機會成本; 選擇的好處是forgone。 經濟學家稱forgone機會或者forgone僅次于最好的選擇的好處其它的機會costthe highestvalued是一定一選擇被掙什麼時候的forgone當時。 機會成本是每個決定和活動的一部分。 每選擇表明放棄其它事情。 交易和決定生命是一個決定的連續序列,並且每個決定包含為其它事情在某些事情中的另一個或者貿易上方選擇一件事情。 為了獲得一些其他好一交易表明放棄一好或者活動或者活動。 你一次使決定,你決定是否對連續還是做其它事情。 我該為ext 做什麼extis 增加或者經濟學家叫邊緣的。 標明選擇包含比較邊際成本和邊緣的好處。 微不足道的方法hange 因此一個決定與在好處和一種成本變動方面的一種變化的比較有關。

    Source(s): 翻譯機
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.