Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

請幫我英翻中...不要翻譯軟體版本喔...

A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF LEED

Clackamas High School, located in Clackamas, Oregon, is one of the greenest schools in the nation.

It was designed using performance based fees, which are earned by the architects and engineers depending on the savings in energy by efficient design.

Most of its points were earned in the Energy & Atmosphere catagory for Optimizing Energy Performance (tiered system with 8 points for 50%), Measurement & Verification, and Green Power.

Through computer and physical modeling, the total energy cost was expected to be 44 percent less than the Oregon Energy Building Code requirements (which are stricter than those of ASHRE).

Two full-scale classroom mockups were built to test daylighting and electric lighting design, and natural ventilation components of the heating and cooling design.

According to the architect, the most cost-effective measures considered were building orientation, window size and placement, shading, and space planning.

The electricity load is limited by sensors and dimmer controls.

Air conditioning is provided only in spaces such as the media center, administration, theater, etc.

Most areas rely on natural ventilation by convection with fan coil backup units.

The building is organized along an east-west axis for optimal natural lighting and ventilation.

1 Answer

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  • Elena
    Lv 4
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    領先能源與環境設計之比較分析(Leadership in Energy and Enviromental Design, LEED)

    Clackamas高中,位於美國奧勒崗州Clackamas,是一所全國綠化程度最高的學校.

    該學校的設計建造,依成品的功能性計費支付工資;依建築師及工程師利用高效能設計節省能源的多寡,以賺取工資的績分.

    其中大部份的分數都來自能源及大氣領域,有關有效能源利用(階梯系統有8分,佔其中50%), 測量及確認, 及綠色能源等方面.

    透過電腦及物理模型,預期總能源成本將低於奧勒崗能源建築法(該法規較美國暖通工程師協會規定的標準嚴格)規定值的44%.(American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air Conditioning Engineers, ASHRE)

    建立兩個實際尺寸大小的教室實體模型,以測試日光照明及電力照明系統,以及自然通風當中加熱及冷卻兩個要素.

    根據建築師的說法,最符合成本效益的方式是先考慮建築物的方位, 窗戶大小及配置, 遮光及空間規劃.

    利用感應器及調光器控管及限制電力負荷量.

    只有資訊中心, 行政機構, 大講堂等處才裝設空調系統.

    大部份地區靠備用送風裝置所產生的對流,達到自然通風的效果.

    建築物延著東西軸建造,以達到理想的自然照明及自然通風.

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