John asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

請問兩題托福文法問題

1.Anthropology is a science __________anthropologists use a rigorous set of methods and techniques to document observations that can be checked by others.

(A)in that

(B)that in

(C)that

(D)in

2.Because of the Aleuts' constant exposure to cold weather, they have long recognized __________ .

(A)and body needs to be fat

(B)body needs the fat

(C)how fat the body needs

(D)the body's need for fat

答案在下面,請先不要看答案,

請解釋你為何選擇那個答案

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1.答案 (A) , 我有個疑問that前應不能加介詞阿....賴水信的托福文法書P.69頁有寫

2.答案(D) , 這題我是選(C)為何不行呢??

Update:

那第一題選(C)有何不妥?

5 Answers

Rating
  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    Anthropology is a science<=====完整的句子 anthropologists use a rigorous set of methods and techniques to document observations that can be checked by others.<=====完整的句子 所以需要連接詞 in that如果你用 that 這就變成關係代名詞Anthropology is a science that anthropologists use a rigorous set of methods and techniques to document observations that can be checked by others.that 變成  science 的同位語 作use的受詞 造成第二句子沒有主要動詞 文法錯誤 並且語意不明所以C不可選第二題C 身體需要變得多胖D 身體對脂肪的需求依照語意 只可以選D

  • 2 decades ago

    第一題: 這個問題牽涉到 名詞子句 及 副詞連接詞 及關係代名詞

    1. that 在所引導名詞子句的時候前面不可加介係詞

    I am worried about that he doesn't work hard.------(x)

    如果有介係詞可做二種改變:

    a. 在介係詞前面加 the fact 即可 ,在這裏 the fact 做 about 的受詞, that 子

    句則成 the fact 的同位語

    I am worried about the fact that he doesn't work hard.

    b. 保留介係詞 ,刪去THAT,之後主詞變成所有格

    I am worried about his not working hard.

    以上是that 子句的用法(屬於名詞子句)..而名詞子句的用處 有 4種

    1. 作主詞 2. 作動詞受詞 3.做介係詞受詞 4. 至於BE動詞之後,作主詞補語

    所以看出這裡 scinece 之後 出現的 THAT 絕對不是名詞子句 ,此處必須放一個連接詞 (因為名詞子句不能連接二個句子)

    2. 副詞連接詞

    in that = because

    這裡需要一個連接詞來連接兩個 子句..所以選擇 IN THAT 才對

    3. that 當關係代名詞時

    前面是不可以加介係詞的...

    這裡請看語意...

    人類學是一門科學

    後面的句子則在解釋 人類學家所用的方法..(人類學家用嚴謹的方法及技術讓觀察家來檢視) 在這裡 不可以用關係代名詞 ,請了解關係代名詞必須 在所引導的子句中作主詞或作受詞 不然就是前面加介係詞成為介係詞關代..在這裡的既不是主詞(格)也不是受詞(格)也無從放介係詞 ,所以就算 選項換成 in which--也是不對 (文法結構的關係)

    EX1.

    主格關代 This is a book which is sure to interest you a lot.

    EX2.

    受格關代 She is the woman whom I love.

    EX3.

    介係詞關代 This is a book in which I've found many errors.

    所以第一題 這樣的解釋不知道可不可以, 希望你能看懂我寫的...

    第二題晚點再回...

    Source(s): 全民英檢文法通--常春藤出版
  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    1.學文法,學到深信「that前應不能加介詞」,是不對的。不只有"in that"這個慣用成語,其他「介詞+that子句」的句子也不少;You seem to have been so misled that you don't catch on that you are actually learning ...

    2.問題第2句, 屬於簡單的讀和寫的題目.

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    1.答案 (A) , 我有個疑問that前應不能加介詞阿....賴水信的托福文法書P.69頁有寫

    1)"in that" serves as "because"-----it's a phrase, a conjunction

    2)the blank is placed between two complete sentences; therefore,

    you ought to find a conjunction for it.

    (A) is the only answer that fits

    2.答案(D) , 這題我是選(C)為何不行呢??

    ..recognize how fat the body needs ------the Grammar is wrong....

    1) fat here is an adjective, not a noun

    2) unless u change it into---

    ....recognize how "much" fat the body needs....

    Source(s): i, myself, British
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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    (1)在此in that = because

    (2)選(C)的話,語意不通

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