Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 科學化學 · 1 decade ago

物質安全資料~~~

我想請問一下有關三氯乙烯、丙酮的物質安全資料

3 Answers

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  • 1 decade ago
    Best Answer

    三氯乙烯(TRICHLOROETHYLENE)

    Hazards Identification

    Emergency Overview

    --------------------------

    WARNING! HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED. AFFECTS HEART, CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM, LIVER AND KIDNEYS. CAUSES SEVERE SKIN IRRITATION. CAUSES IRRITATION TO EYES AND RESPIRATORY TRACT. SUSPECT CANCER HAZARD. MAY CAUSE CANCER. Risk of cancer depends on level and duration of exposure.

    J.T. Baker SAF-T-DATA(tm) Ratings (Provided here for your convenience)

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Health Rating: 3 - Severe (Cancer Causing)

    Flammability Rating: 1 - Slight

    Reactivity Rating: 1 - Slight

    Contact Rating: 2 - Moderate

    Lab Protective Equip: GOGGLES & SHIELD; LAB COAT & APRON; VENT HOOD; PROPER GLOVES

    Storage Color Code: Blue (Health)

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Potential Health Effects

    ----------------------------------

    Inhalation:

    Vapors can irritate the respiratory tract. Causes depression of the central nervous system with symptoms of visual disturbances and mental confusion, incoordination, headache, nausea, euphoria, and dizziness. Inhalation of high concentrations could cause unconsciousness, heart effects, liver effects, kidney effects, and death.

    Ingestion:

    Cases irritation to gastrointestinal tract. May also cause effects similar to inhalation. May cause coughing, abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, pulmonary edema, unconsciousness. Kidney failure can result in severe cases. Estimated fatal dose is 3-5 ml/kg.

    Skin Contact:

    Cause irritation, redness and pain. Can cause blistering. Continued skin contact has a defatting action and can produce rough, dry, red skin resulting in secondary infection.

    Eye Contact:

    Vapors may cause severe irritation with redness and pain. Splashes may cause eye damage.

    Chronic Exposure:

    Chronic exposures may cause liver, kidney, central nervous system, and peripheral nervous system effects. Workers chronically exposed may exhibit central nervous system depression, intolerance to alcohol, and increased cardiac output. This material is linked to mutagenic effects in humans. This material is also a suspect carcinogen.

    Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions:

    Persons with pre-existing skin disorders, cardiovascular disorders, impaired liver or kidney or respiratory function, or central or peripheral nervous system disorders may be more susceptible to the effects of the substance.

    Stability:

    Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage. Will slowly decompose to hydrochloric acid when exposed to light and moisture.

    Hazardous Decomposition Products:

    May produce carbon monoxide, carbon dioxide, hydrogen chloride and phosgene when heated to decomposition.

    Hazardous Polymerization:

    Will not occur.

    Incompatibilities:

    Strong caustics and alkalis, strong oxidizers, chemically active metals, such as barium, lithium, sodium, magnesium, titanium and beryllium, liquid oxygen.

    Conditions to Avoid:

    Heat, flame, ignition sources, light, moisture, incompatibles

    Toxicological Data:

    Trichloroethylene: Oral rat LD50: 5650 mg/kg; investigated as a tumorigen, mutagen, reproductive effector.

    Reproductive Toxicity:

    This material has been linked to mutagenic effects in humans.

    丙酮ACETONE

    Hazards Identification

    Emergency Overview

    --------------------------

    DANGER! EXTREMELY FLAMMABLE LIQUID AND VAPOR. VAPOR MAY CAUSE FLASH FIRE. HARMFUL IF SWALLOWED OR INHALED. CAUSES IRRITATION TO SKIN, EYES AND RESPIRATORY TRACT. AFFECTS CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM.

    SAF-T-DATA(tm) Ratings (Provided here for your convenience)

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Health Rating: 2 - Moderate

    Flammability Rating: 3 - Severe (Flammable)

    Reactivity Rating: 0 - None

    Contact Rating: 3 - Severe

    Lab Protective Equip: GOGGLES & SHIELD; LAB COAT & APRON; VENT HOOD; PROPER GLOVES; CLASS B EXTINGUISHER

    Storage Color Code: Red (Flammable)

    -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

    Potential Health Effects

    ----------------------------------

    Inhalation:

    Inhalation of vapors irritates the respiratory tract. May cause coughing, dizziness, dullness, and headache. Higher concentrations can produce central nervous system depression, narcosis, and unconsciousness.

    Ingestion:

    Swallowing small amounts is not likely to produce harmful effects. Ingestion of larger amounts may produce abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Aspiration into lungs can produce severe lung damage and is a medical emergency. Other symptoms are expected to parallel inhalation.

    Skin Contact:

    Irritating due to defatting action on skin. Causes redness, pain, drying and cracking of the skin.

    Eye Contact:

    Vapors are irritating to the eyes. Splashes may cause severe irritation, with stinging, tearing, redness and pain.

    Chronic Exposure:

    Prolonged or repeated skin contact may produce severe irritation or dermatitis.

    Aggravation of Pre-existing Conditions:

    Use of alcoholic beverages enhances toxic effects. Exposure may increase the toxic potential of chlorinated hydrocarbons, such as chloroform, trichloroethane.

    Stability:

    Stable under ordinary conditions of use and storage.

    Hazardous Decomposition Products:

    Carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide may form when heated to decomposition.

    Hazardous Polymerization:

    Will not occur.

    Incompatibilities:

    Concentrated nitric and sulfuric acid mixtures, oxidizing materials, chloroform, alkalis, chlorine compounds, acids, potassium t-butoxide.

    Conditions to Avoid:

    Heat, flames, ignition sources and incompatibles.

    Toxicological Information

    Oral rat LD50: 5800 mg/kg; Inhalation rat LC50: 50,100mg/m3; Irritation eye rabbit, Standard Draize, 20 mg severe; investigated as a tumorigen, mutagen, reproductive effector.

  • Anonymous
    1 decade ago

    http://www.iosh.gov.tw/index.html

    你可以到這個網站去查~幾乎都有資料~

    Source(s): 自己
  • 123
    Lv 6
    1 decade ago

    你可以上Merk網站找也會有

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