Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

幫我翻譯一下拜託拜託拜託拜拜託

大哥大姐幫幫我 翻譯軟體番出來都狗屁不通 我要做專題可是我英文只有國中程度了 救我

Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities

Benjamin Caballero, John H Himes, Timothy Lohman, Sally M Davis, June Stevens, Marguerite Evans, Scott Going and Juanita Pablo for the Pathways Study Research Group

ABSTRACT

Background: Nationwide data on obesity prevalence in American Indian communities are limited.

Objective: We describe the body composition and anthropometric characteristics of schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities enrolled in the Pathways study, a randomized field trial evaluating a program for the primary prevention of obesity.

Design: A total of 1704 children in 41 schools were enrolled in the study. Basic anthropometric measurements included weight, height, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses. Percentage body fat was estimated from bioelectrical impedance and anthropometric variables with the use of an equation developed and validated for this population.

Results: The children’s mean (± SD) age was 7.6 ± 0.6 y, and their mean weight and height were 32.1 ± 8.9 kg and 129.8 ± 6.3 cm, respectively. Mean body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) was 18.8 ± 3.9, and mean percentage body fat was 32.6 ± 6.8%. With the use of current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reference values, 30.5% of girls and 26.8% of boys were above the 95th percentiles for BMI-for-age, and 21% of girls and 19.6% of boys were between the 85th and 95th percentiles. Although there was a wide range in BMI across study sites and for both sexes, the percentage of children with a BMI above the 95th percentile was consistently higher than the national averages in all communities studied and in both girls and boys.

Conclusions: Overweight can be documented in a substantial number of American Indian children by the time they reach elementary school. Despite differences in the prevalence of overweight observed among communities, rates are uniformly high relative to national all-race averages.

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    恩..好吧...一句一句翻給你

    Body composition and overweight prevalence in 1704 schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities

    來自7個美國印度裔社區的1704位學齡兒童的身體組成比例及過重率調查

    Benjamin Caballero, John H Himes, Timothy Lohman, Sally M Davis, June Stevens, Marguerite Evans, Scott Going and Juanita Pablo for the Pathways Study Research Group

    (7個社區的名字;for後面是做這個調查的團體)

    ABSTRACT

    摘要

    Background: Nationwide data on obesity prevalence in American Indian communities are limited.

    背景:蒐集過胖比率的全國性資料 ,限定於美國印度裔的社區

    Objective: We describe the body composition and anthropometric characteristics of schoolchildren from 7 American Indian communities enrolled in the Pathways study, a randomized field trial evaluating a program for the primary prevention of obesity.

    目的:我們描述在這個調查所選擇的7個美國印度裔社區中學齡兒童的身體組成以及人體測量特徵,一個隨機的區域試驗用以評價一個防止小學生過胖的專案成效.

    Design: A total of 1704 children in 41 schools were enrolled in the study. Basic anthropometric measurements included weight, height, and triceps and subscapular skinfold thicknesses. Percentage body fat was estimated from bioelectrical impedance and anthropometric variables with the use of an equation developed and validated for this population.

    設計:這個調查中共有41個學校中1704名兒童接受調查.

    基本的人體測量包括體重,身高,三頭肌及肩下體脂肪厚度.

    體脂肪比例是依據生物電流的阻抗,以及使用一個爲這個族群所設計並計算的方程式所得出的人體測量變數,來進行估計

    Results: The children’s mean (± SD) age was 7.6 ± 0.6 y, and their mean weight and height were 32.1 ± 8.9 kg and 129.8 ± 6.3 cm, respectively. Mean body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2) was 18.8 ± 3.9, and mean percentage body fat was 32.6 ± 6.8%. With the use of current Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reference values, 30.5% of girls and 26.8% of boys were above the 95th percentiles for BMI-for-age, and 21% of girls and 19.6% of boys were between the 85th and 95th percentiles. Although there was a wide range in BMI across study sites and for both sexes, the percentage of children with a BMI above the 95th percentile was consistently higher than the national averages in all communities studied and in both girls and boys.

    結果:兒童的平均年齡(+-標準差)為7.6+-0.6歲,(SD是標準差..我之後不會翻出來了)

    以及她們的平均體重與身高分別為32./1+-8.9 Kg及129.8+-6.3 cm.

    平均身體質量指數(BMI 算式為kg/m平方)為 18.8+- 3.98,以及平均體脂肪比率為32.6 +-6.8%.

    使用疾病管制及預防中心的參考數值,有30.5%的女孩及26.8%的男孩BMI高於95%的同年齡兒童;21%的女孩及19.6%的男孩介於85-95%間.

    雖然BMI因為調查地點以及性別而有很大的距離,但調查中兒童高於BMI 95%的百分比不尋常的高於全國所有社區的平均,而且男孩及女孩皆是.

    Conclusions: Overweight can be documented in a substantial number of American Indian children by the time they reach elementary school. Despite differences in the prevalence of overweight observed among communities, rates are uniformly high relative to national all-race averages.

    結論:當美國印度裔兒童到了上小學的年齡會被大量的紀錄到過重.

    排除各個社區間在過重比率上的差異,過重的比率一致較全國各種族平均來的高.

    --

    呼呼 很正式的調查報告喔..內容不難..只是整篇翻還是很煩...哈哈..

    希望你看的懂嚕..有關統計方面的知識我就不多寫囉

    Source(s): 自己..我想翻譯軟體也翻不出來吧..哈
  • 6 years ago

    下面的網址應該對你有幫助

    http://phi008780508.pixnet.net/blog

  • Anonymous
    7 years ago

    下面的網址能回答你的問題

    ▶▶http://*****

  • 2 decades ago

    物(身)體 7 個美洲印第安人團契的 1704 schoolchildren 年的作品(成份)和超重的流行。

    受寵愛的幼子 護花使者 , 約翰 H 他, 梯牧草 Lohman , 。

    抽象的 .

    限制了美洲印第安人團契中肥胖症流行上的 Backgroun d:全國範圍資料。

    Objectiv e:我們描述從在小路學習(研究)成為成員的 7 個美洲印第安人團契, schoolchildren 的物(身)體作品(成份)和 anthropometric 的特性, 一個隨機化的領域(田地)考驗評價肥胖症首要預防的一個程式。

    計畫: 使 41 個學校裡的總共 1704 個孩子在學習(研究)方面成為成員了。 基本 anthropometric 測量包括了重量, 高(度), 和 三頭肌 和 subscapular 的 skinfold 厚度。 從 bioelectrical 阻抗估計了百分比物(身)體肥(胖)並且隨著為這個人口發展和證實(確認)的一個等式的使用(用處)估計了 anthropometric 變量。

    產生(結果): 孩子?意思 (簣 側視圖 ) 年紀(時期)是 7.6 簣 0.6 Y , 並且他們的意思重量和高(度)是 32.1 簣 8.9 個 千高斯 和 129.8 簣 6.3 中心匹配的 , 分別。 意思物(身)體群眾索引(指標) ( BMI ; 在 千高斯 / m2 中) 是 18.8 簣 3.9 , 並且意思百分比物(身)體肥(胖)是 32.6 簣 6.8% 。 隨著把目前(流行)中心使用(用處)女孩中的疾病控制和預防的參考(價)值, 30.5% 個和男孩中的 26.8% 個為 BMI 超出 95 個百分位數- - 年紀(時期), 和女孩中的 21% 個和男孩中的 19.6% 個在 85 和 95 個百分位數之間。 雖然越過學習(研究)地點(場所)和為兩個性別在 BMI 有廣(寬)範圍, 但是用超出 95 個百分位的 BMI , 孩子們的百分比在和在女孩和男孩中比民族(國家)平均值一貫地更高學習(研究)的所有團契。

    結束(結論): 超重的在他們到達國小的時間以前能夠在美洲印第安人孩子們的堅實(巨大)數字(目)中用文件說明。 儘管在團契中間觀察的超重的流行中的差別, 價格(比率)民族(國家)所有- 比賽的平均值一致地高相關。

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  • 2 decades ago

    英文只有國中程度未何要做這種專題?

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