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? asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

幫忙翻一下吧!!(請不要用翻譯軟體喔!!一樣贈20點)

The division of the play into a prologue and five episodes separated by choral passages is typical of Greek tragedy. The prologue is devoted principally to exposition: A plague is destroying the city of Thebes; Creon returns from Delphi with a command from the oracle to find and punish the murderer of Laius, the former king; Oedipus promises to obey the command. All of the necessary information is given in this very brief scene, and the first important question—Who is the murderer of Laius? — is raised. The prologue is followed by the parodos, or entry of the chorus, and the first choral song, which offers prayers to the gods for deliverance from the plague.

The first episode beings with Oedipus’ proclamation demanding that anyone with knowledge of the crime come forward and placing a curse on the murderer. This proclamation has great dramatic power because Oedipus is unknowingly pronouncing a curse on himself. Then Tiresias, the blind seer, enters. His refused to answer questions about the past provokes Oedipus’ anger, the first display of a response that is developed forcefully throughout the first four episodes. Oedipus’ quick temper, we later discover, has caused him to kill Laius. When Tiresias suggests that the truth is too painful to reveal, Oedipus suspects some trickery. The scene ends I a stalemate of accusations.

It is interesting to note that while the first four episodes move forward in the present, they go successively further back in time. This first episode reveals only that part of the past immediately preceding Oedipus’ arrival at Thebes. The choral passage that follows the first episode reflects upon the previous scene, stating the confusion that Sophocles probably wished the audience to feel.

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    The division of the play into a prologue and five episodes separated by choral passages is typical of Greek tragedy. The prologue is devoted principally to exposition: A plague is destroying the city of Thebes; Creon returns from Delphi with a command from the oracle to find and punish the murderer of Laius, the former king; Oedipus promises to obey the command. All of the necessary information is given in this very brief scene, and the first important question—Who is the murderer of Laius? — is raised. The prologue is followed by the parodos, or entry of the chorus, and the first choral song, which offers prayers to the gods for deliverance from the plague.

    典型的希臘悲劇由合唱(歌隊)揭開序幕,在五場戲(段落)之間以歌隊的

    大合唱作為區隔。

    開場由合唱的奏鳴曲說出故事:一場瘟疫正在底比斯城(Thebes)肆虐。

    克里昂(Creon,王后之弟)奉先知之命回到Delphi(阿波羅神廟所在地)要找出殺死先王Laius的兇手;伊底帕斯王(Oedipus)發誓他會遵守先知的命令。

    所有的細節和故事元素,都集中在這個簡潔的場景裡。

    第一合唱頌歌,緊接在第一場戲之後,帶出了整個劇本最重要的問題:

    誰是殺死Laius的兇手?這個合唱也祈求眾神將他們從瘟疫中解放。

    The first episode begins wthOedipus’ proclamation demanding that anyone with knowledge of the crime come forward and placing a curse on the murderer. This proclamation has great dramatic power because Oedipus is unknowingly pronouncing a curse on himself. Then Tiresias, the blind seer, enters. His refused to answer questions about the past provokes Oedipus’ anger, the first display of a response that is developed forcefully throughout the first four episodes. Oedipus’ quick temper, we later discover, has caused him to kill Laius. When Tiresias suggests that the truth is too painful to reveal, Oedipus suspects some trickery. The scene ends I a stalemate of accusations.

    第一場戲裡,伊底帕斯王下詔:『願詛咒降臨在任何犯下這樣滔天大罪的人

    身上。』

    這個詔令非常地具有戲劇性--因為伊底帕斯王不知道,這詛咒將落在在他身上。然後,泰瑞西亞斯(Tiresias,盲眼先知)走入宮殿。他拒絕回答任何關於過去發生的事的態度,激怒了伊底帕斯王。

    泰瑞西亞斯這樣強硬的回覆態度對接下來的對話裡有推波助瀾的效果:我們之後會發現,伊底帕斯王情緒化的個性正是導致他殺死Laius的原因。

    當泰瑞西亞斯因為預見真相將帶來的苦痛,而拒絕揭露的時候,伊底帕斯王認為這是(泰瑞西亞斯和克里昂)謀反的詭計。

    第一場戲就在互相控訴的僵持下結束。

    It is interesting to note that while the first four episodes move forward in the present, they go successively further back in time. This first episode reveals only that part of the past immediately preceding Oedipus’ arrival at Thebes. The choral passage that follows the first episode reflects upon the previous scene, stating the confusion that Sophocles probably wished the audience to feel.

    值得一提的是:當第一場戲的劇情隨著時間推移到「現在」的同時,劇裡的時間也漸漸地倒退到故事的開始之處(倒敘法)。第一場戲裡只交代了伊底帕斯當抵達底比斯城的概況。而接在戲後的合唱歌反映出了之前的情況:也可能是Sophocles(本劇作者)想要觀眾感覺到的,懸疑的氣氛。

    p.s “the first display of a response that is developed forcefully throughout the first four episodes.”這一句我翻得不好,希望有高手能幫忙補完^ ^

    Source(s): 伊底帕斯王
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