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E60 asked in 懷孕與育兒懷孕 · 2 decades ago

有關於臍帶血的問題

請問臍帶血是做什麼的?

臍帶血銀行又是個什麼樣的單位呢?

2 Answers

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  • ?
    Lv 6
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

      血細胞種源血液中的細胞有三大類:紅血球、白血球、血小板。紅血球主要功能在輸送氧份到身體的組織及器官,使其維持正常的活性,白血球是身體防禦系統,抵抗感染,血小板對協助血液凝固非常重要,而這些血細胞的種源出自幹細胞stem cell。臍帶血中的幹細胞  幹細胞存在於新生兒臍帶中,這些幹細胞可以利用新科技方法,從臍帶中採取,經分離處理後,低溫儲存,以後如作骨髓移植一般,移植於有需要的人體中。臍帶血之治療用途自1988年在法國,利用臍帶血移植方法,用來治療惡性貧血之血液病Fanconi’s anemia後,臍帶血就開始在試驗及臨床上應用,不但對多種貧血有效果外,還用在癌症,先天代謝失常,或免疫功能不全的治療上應用。目前可利用臍帶血來治療的疾病有:〔1〕 紅血球疾病再生不良貧血 Aplastic Anemia先天性血球減少Congenital CytopeniaBlackfan-diamond anemia鎌狀細胞性貧血Sickle cells anemia地中海貧血Mediterranean anemia范康尼貧血Fanconi’s anemia伊文徵候群Evan’s Syndrome柯士文徵候群Kostmann’s syndrome血栓囊血球減少Amegakaryocytic thrombocytopenia (AMT)〔2〕 惡性腫瘤急性淋巴性白血病Acute lymphocyte leukemia急性骨髓性白血病Acute myelocytic leukemia慢性骨髓性白血病Chronic myelocytic leukemia骨髓發育不良徵候群Myelodysplastic syndrome腫瘤:脂肪瘤Liposarcoma、卵黃囊瘤Yolk sac sarcoma、神經母細胞瘤Neuroblastoma、非何杰金氏病Non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma〔3〕 先天代謝失常腎上腺腦白質障礙Adrenoleukodystrophy赤裸淋巴球徵候群Bare-lymphocyte syndrome先天性胰島功能不良Dyskeratosis congenita家族性噬紅血球Familial cytophagocytic lymphistocytosis高球氏症Gaucher’s diseaseGunter diseaseHunter diseaseHurler syndrome遺傳性神經原蜡球脂褐質化Inherited neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosisKrabbe diseaseLangerhan’s-cell histocytosisLesch-Nyhan disease白血球黏著不足Leukocyte adhesion deficiency骨質石化病Osteopetrosis〔4〕 免疫不全Adenosine deaminase deficiency嚴重複合免疫不全Severe Combined Immunodeficiency Wiskott-Aldrich syndromeX連結淋巴增殖症X-linked lymphoproliferative diseasehttp://www.uhealthy.com/chinese/uhealthy-network/m...

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Source(s): 個人見解
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