lastleaf asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

英文名詞複數型字尾不是s的....

除了children,people,men,women等等以外

還有哪些呢?

另外很多um結尾的字,他的複數形是um改成a。

這是規則變化之一嗎?

3 Answers

Rating
  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    um >> a

    equilibrium = equilibria

    medium = media

    datum = data (**datum 幾乎沒人在用))

    但因為英文的進化, media 可以用 is, data 也是

    us >> i

    radius = radii

    nucleus = nuclei

    syllabus = syllabi

    focus = foci

    fungus = fungi

    cactus = cacti (cactuses 也可以)

    sis >> ses

    thesis = theses

    crisis = crises

    on >> a

    phenomenon = phenomena

    criterion = criteria

    ex >> ices

    index = indices (indexes 也可以)

    appendix = appendices (appendixes 也可以)

  • UN
    Lv 6
    2 decades ago

    這些字多半都是借用拉丁字彙形成的單字,而變化是採原拉丁文複數型變化,而有些單字因為複數型使用率太高,反而單數型就漸漸會被人遺忘!

    補充單字:校友(alumnus->alumni)

  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    goose

    geese

    bacterium

    bacteria

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