the Statue of Liberty

the Statue of Liberty--自由女神像(矗立在New York灣 Liberty Island上的銅像,左手持有的銘板上雕刻有“Liberty Enlightening the World”,1886年由法國捐贈 )

誰可以幫我找到關於這個標題的文章...主要在講這個滴...

中英文喔!!!~~~~^^

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  • 2 decades ago
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    中文:

    自由女神像的由來

      自由女神像是“自由照耀世界之神”的俗稱。坐落在美國紐約赫德森河口上的“自由島”上。這座世界上獨一無二的巨型銅像,是法國爲紀念美國獨立110周年和美國獨立戰爭期間的美法聯盟,贈送給美國的珍貴禮物。在美國南北戰爭後,由法國歷史學家愛德華·德·拉布萊伊提出鑄像建議,由法國人民捐款,由法國的藝術家奧古斯特·巴托第設計並主持建造,像內鐵架由設計巴黎鐵塔的工程師埃菲爾設計。據說,女神像的模特兒是藝術家的妻子尚奈密麗,面貌是藝術家母親的臉型。巴托第從1874年開始設計,到1884年5月全部工程才告完成。1885年5月,分裝成210箱,用法國拖輪運至紐約 。尊像高爲46米 ;連同基座在內,總高92米。重225噸。女神握著火炬右臂高插入雲;左臂面刻著“1776年7月4日”字樣,標明宣言發表的這日期;腳上殘留著被掙斷了的鐵鏈,氣宇軒昂,神態剛毅,宣佈獲得的自由,故稱爲“自由女神像”。像內有22層,電梯可升至10層平臺上,再循盤梯可達巨像冠部的望台。巨像的底部建築爲美國移民博物館。1886年10月28日,由美國克利夫蘭總統主持揭幕。1924年,美國政府宣佈爲國家紀念地。1984~1986年,曾進行整修。

    http://sfun.nease.net/source/s3.htm

    英文:

    http://www.nps.gov/stli/prod02.htm#Statue%20of

    the Statue of Liberty

    The Statue of Liberty National Monument officially celebrated her 100th birthday on October 28, 1986. The people of France gave the Statue to the people of the United States over one hundred years ago in recognition of the friendship established during the American Revolution. Over the years, the Statue of Liberty has grown to include freedom and democracy as well as this international friendship.

    Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi was commissioned to design a sculpture with the year 1876 in mind for completion, to commemorate the centennial of the American Declaration of Independence. The Statue was a joint effort between America and France and it was agreed upon that the American people were to build the pedestal, and the French people were responsible for the Statue and its assembly here in the United States. However, lack of funds was a problem on both sides of the Atlantic Ocean. In France, public fees, various forms of entertainment, and a lottery were among the methods used to raise funds. In the United States, benefit theatricalevents, art exhibitions, auctions and prize fights assisted in providing needed funds. Meanwhile in France, Bartholdi required the assistance of an engineer to address structural issues associated with designing such as colossal copper sculpture. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (designer of the Eiffel Tower) was commissioned to design the massive iron pylon and secondary skeletal framework which allows the Statue's copper skin to move independently yet stand upright. Back in America, fund raising for the pedestal was going particularly slowly, so Joseph Pulitzer (noted for the Pulitzer Prize) opened up the editorial pages of his newspaper, "The World" to support the fund raising effort. Pulitzer used his newspaper to criticize both the rich who had failed to finance the pedestal construction and the middle class who were content to rely upon the wealthy to provide the funds. Pulitzer's campaign of harsh criticism was successful in motivating the people of America to donate.

    Financing for the pedestal was completed in August 1885, and pedestal construction was finished in April of 1886. The Statue was completed in France in July, 1884 and arrived in New York Harbor in June of 1885 on board the French frigate "Isere" which transported the Statue of Liberty from France to the United States. In transit, the Statue was reduced to 350 individual pieces and packed in 214 crates. The Statue was re-assembled on her new pedestal in four months time. On October 28th 1886, the dedication of the Statue of Liberty took place in front of thousands of spectators. She was a centennial gift ten years late.

    The story of the Statue of Liberty and her island has been one of change. The Statue was placed upon a granite pedestal inside the courtyard of the star-shaped walls of Fort Wood (which had been completed for the War of 1812.) The United States Lighthouse Board had responsibility for the operation of the Statue of Liberty until 1901. After 1901, the care and operation of the Statue was placed under the War Department. A Presidential Proclamation declared Fort Wood (and the Statue of Liberty within it) a National Monument on October 15th, 1924 and the monument's boundary was set at the outer edge of Fort Wood. In 1933, the care and administration of the National Monument was transferred to the National Park Service. On September 7, 1937, jurisdiction was enlarged to encompass all of Bedloe's Island and in 1956, the island's name was changed to Liberty Island.

    On May 11, 1965, Ellis Island was also transferred to the National Park Service and became part of the Statue of Liberty National Monument. In May of 1982, President Ronald Reagan appointed Lee Iacocca to head up a private sector effort to restore the Statue of Liberty. Fundraising began for the $87 million restoration under a public/private partnership between the National Park Service and the Statue of Liberty-Ellis Island Foundation, Inc., to date the most successful such partnership in American history. In 1984, at the start of the Statue's restoration, the United Nations designated the Statue of Liberty as a World Heritage Site. On July 5, 1986 the newly restored Statue re-opened to the public during Liberty Weekend, which celebrated her centennial. The Statue of Liberty was closed as a result of the tragedy of September 11, 2001. Although Liberty Island re-opened after being closed for 100 days, the Statue remained closed until August 3, 2004. Visitors now have access to the Statue's pedestal obervation deck, promenade, museum and the area of Fort Wood.

    英文網頁是美國政府的網頁,有詳細的內容說明哦!

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