BlueJ asked in 藝術與人文歷史 · 2 decades ago

英國人的綽號叫 John Bull ,有何典故???

之前問過這問題,雖然有2位網友作答 ,但都沒說出典故從何而來。今天在網路上找到一篇相關文章,因為我英文不好,不知有那位網友願意翻譯一下,謝謝。

John Bull is a literary and cartoon character created to personify Britain by Dr. John Arbuthnot in 1712 and popularized first by British print makers and then overseas by illustrators such as American cartoonist Thomas Nast.

Bull is usually portrayed as a stout man in a tailcoat with breeches and a Union Jack waistcoat. He also wears a low topper (sometimes called a John Bull topper) on his head and is often accompanied by a bulldog. John Bull has been used in a variety of different ad campaigns over the years, and is a common sight in British editorial cartoons of the 19th and early 20th centuries.

The cartoon image of stolid stocky conservative and well-meaning John Bull, dressed like an English country squire, sometimes explicitly contrasted with the conventionalized scrawny, French revolutionary sans-culottes Jacobin, was developed from about 1790 by British satirical artists James Gillray, Thomas Rowlandson and George Cruikshank.

John Bull was also one of the names of a series of British periodicals.

資料來源: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/John_Bull

1 Answer

Rating
  • 水昆
    Lv 7
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    我翻譯的不是很好,先寫一段我電子字典裡的約翰牛:

    英國(人)的代表形象,首見於阿巴斯諾特(Arbuthnot)的"約翰牛傳"一書,許多政治漫畫都用此一形象,人物是矮而結實,穿一件英國國旗背心。

    翻譯:

    約翰牛是一個文學和卡通人物,在1712年由John Arbuthnot博士創作以代表英國。先由英國印刷業者大眾化後,美國漫畫家兼插畫家Thomas Nast畫出海外版本。

    約翰牛通常被描寫成穿馬褲和一件聯合王國國旗(英國國旗)背心加一件大禮服的強壯男人。他也戴頂矮帽(有時叫做約翰牛帽)而且時常有一隻鬥牛狗陪著。約翰牛多年來被用於多種不同的廣告,而且在19世紀和20世紀早期的英國社論漫畫中常見到。卡通形像是穿著像英國鄉紳的善意的遲鈍矮胖保守派人士的約翰牛,經常和代表法國革命的瘦sans-culottes(注:這字我查不到,後半字是褲裙) Jacobin作鮮明對比,是大約1790被英國嘲諷的藝術家James Gillray ,Thomas Rowlandson 和George Cruikshank發展出來。

    約翰牛也是一個英國期刊的名字。

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