- Anonymous2 decades agoFavorite Answer
2005-02-04 23:54:40 補充：
In 1801 in the Yorkshire moors of Northern England, a Mr. Lockwood rents a house on a manor, Thushcross Grange, from a dark and mysterious landlord, a man about 40 named Heathcliff. He lives down the road four miles in a 300-year-old estate called Wuthering Heights. Intrigued by Heathcliff, Lockwood asks the housekeeper, 43-year-old Ellen Dean–whom everyone in the region calls Nelly–to tell him Heathcliff’s story. She obliges, and he in turn writes down everything she says. Here is the story that Nelly tells and Lockwood repeats in his diary.
Forty-one years before, in 1760, a gentleman in the district, Mr. Earnshaw, who owns Wuthering Heights and farms its land–travels to Liverpool on business and encounters a street waif, a dark-skinned boy abandoned by his parents. He speaks a strange language. Was he perhaps abandoned by a foreign visitor to England? Poor thing. Earnshaw cannot leave him behind. He returns with him to Wuthering Heights and raises the boy, calling him Heathcliff, along with his own children–a girl, Catherine, and a boy, Hindley. Also in the household are two servants, Joseph, a cranky old man, and Nelly Dean. Cathy resents Heathcliff at first, but in time warms to him. She is a happy, spirited, likable child–but full of the devil. Nelly says of her:
Certainly she had ways with her such as I never saw a child take up before; and she put all of us past our patience fifty times and oftener in a day. From the hour she came downstairs till the hour she went to bed we had not a minute's security that she wouldn't be in mischief. Her spirits were always at high-water mark, her tongue always going -- singing, laughing, and plaguing everybody who would not do the same. A wild, wicked slip she was; but she had the bonniest eye, the sweetest smile, and lightest foot in the parish.
In their playtime adventures on the moors, Heathcliff and Cathy draw close, intimate. However, Hindley, older and stronger than Heathcliff, treats him cruelly because he sees the boy as a rival for the affections of his father and sister. After his wife dies, old Earnshaw seems to prefer the company of Heathcliff to Hindley, and Heathcliff delights in his favored status while Hindley becomes all the more hostile. But Hindley’s abuse of Heathcliff meets with severe censure if old Earnshaw witnesses it. As Nelly observes, “Twice, or thrice, Hindley's manifestations of scorn, while his father was near, roused the old man to a fury.” Eventually, Earnshaw sends Hindley off to school while Heathcliff remains behind.
Three years pass, Mr. Earnshaw dies, and Hindley inherits Wuthering Heights. He is now grown, about 20; Heathcliff and Cathy are just entering their adolescent years. When Hindley returns to Wuthering Heights for the funeral, he brings a wife, Frances. One of his first tasks as master of the estate is to make Heathcliff a lowly stable hand and field laborer who must now live with the servants. Cathy, however–who has grown into beautiful woman full of spirit–continues her close relationship with Heathcliff and, over the years, falls in love with him in spite of his reduced social status.
One day, when they visit Thrushcross Grange–the home of the snooty Linton family–a bulldog bites Catherine, and she remains with the Lintons for several weeks while recuperating from her injury. After becoming acquainted with the Linton children, Edgar and Isabella, she is captivated by Edgar’s aristocratic lifestyle and elegant trappings–and by his obvious interest in her. If she were his wife, she would have all that he has. When she returns to Wuthering Heights, she exhibits dignity, refinement, and good manners, taught her by the Lintons. Everyone is pleased–except Heathcliff. He thinks her newfound social savoir-faire will put her out of his reach. Though she assures him that nothing has changed between them, she nevertheless cultivates her desire to be a woman of standing who lives like the Lintons.
Meanwhile, Hindley’s wife, Frances, has a child, Hareton, but dies shortly afterward. To drown his grief, Hindley turns to alcohol. He also makes Heathcliff a whipping boy, treating him even more cruelly than before.
Cathy–though now so passionately in love with Heathcliff that she says the two of them are “the same person”–confides to Nelly that she has decided to marry Edgar Linton, who has made it clear that he wants her, because it would be degrading to marry Heathcliff. Unfortunately, Heathcliff overhears the conversation and immediately abandons Wuthering Heights. Hindley has wronged him–and now Cathy. While running after him in the moors during a storm, Cathy falls ill with fever and recuperates at the Lintons. The fever infects Mr. and Mrs. Linton, and they die.
With Heathcliff gone from the Heights–who knows where?–Cathy marries Edgar, and time passes peacefully and happily as marriage treats them kindly. But one day, Heathcliff returns to the moors and moves into Wuthering Heights with Hindley, now an alcoholic, and Hareton. Heathcliff is cultured, educated, and wealthy, apparently having made his mark in business. He is also full of wrath and means to unleash it against all who mistreated him. First, he lends drinking and gambling money to Hindley, knowing full well it will hasten his descent into the abyss of alcohol, debt, and desperation. Then he acquires liens on Wuthering Heights and turns Hareton against Hindley.
When Heathcliff visits Cathy and Edgar at Thrushcross Grange, his attentions to Cathy–and to Edgar’s naive sister, Isabella–infuriate Edgar, and they quarrel and become fierce enemies. Vengeful Heathcliff then persuades guileless Isabella, who is taken by his dark good looks, to elope with him. He does not love Isabella; he only wants to spite Edgar and Cathy and to gain a potential legal interest in Thrushcross Grange. These events dispirit Cathy, who believes she is the root cause of all the conflict, and her health declines. To complicate matters, she is pregnant. Shortly after giving birth to a daughter–named Catherine after her mother–Cathy dies. Heathcliff, overcome with grief, cannot let go and prays that Cathy’s spirit will haunt him. In the meantime, Heathcliff abuses Isabella–he has loathed her from the day he met her–and she escapes and takes refuge near London. Hindley–beaten down by alcoholism, debt, and Heathcliff–dies a few months later.
Heathcliff then sets himself to the task of raising Hindley’s son, Hareton. But he makes the boy a common laborer, treating the boy cruelly, as Hindley had once treated him. Hareton receives no schooling, no training for a respectable career. Consequently, he grows up ignorant, unloved. In London, Isabella bears Heathcliff’s child, Linton, and raises him to adolescence without ever telling him the identity of his father. After she dies, Edgar brings the boy to Thrushcross Grange, but Heathcliff–having the law on his side–claims Linton and takes him to Wuthering Heights. He is a sickly and ill-tempered boy, and Heathcliff despises him. But he is thinking ahead. He will have use for the boy.
Many years pass. Catherine becomes an engaging child loved by all around her. During this time, Nelly Dean becomes her nanny. Although unaware of Wuthering Heights and its dark history, young Cathy happens upon it while exploring the moors and becomes Linton’s friend. After Nelly forbids her to visit Wuthering Heights, she returns anyway and continues her friendship with Linton, although she looks down upon Hareton. Nelly then tells Edgar, who is in poor health, about the visits, and he puts an end to them.
However, Heathcliff carries out a deceptive scheme in which he forces Linton to pretend that he loves Cathy. Secret letters are exchanged, and one day Cathy returns to Wuthering Heights to see Linton. Heathcliff locks her in. When Nelly comes to fetch Cathy to Thrushcross Grange, he imprisons her as well, then forces Catherine to marry Linton. If Edgar dies before Linton–who remains sickly and is in fact dying, Heathcliff–through Linton–will gain control of Thrushcross Grange. All goes according to Heathcliff’s plan: Edgar dies first, then Linton.
Heathcliff now controls Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange. He also controls Hareton and young Cathy, who have no choice but to remain with him and the housekeeper, Zillah, at Wuthering Heights in order to survive. Heathcliff rents Thrushcross Grange to Lockwood (the visitor at the beginning of the story). Here, Nelly’s narrative ends, and Lockwood ends his visit at Thrushcross Grange and goes to London. However, six months later he returns and hears the rest of the story, as follows:
In time, young Cathy learns to tolerate Hareton and even teaches him lessons. Seeing the children together revives Heathcliff’s memory of his happy days with the elder Cathy. It is a memormy that preoccupies him, robbing him of appetite and sleep. He even sees and speaks to ghostly images of Cathy. Eventually, he himself falls ill–perhaps desiring to die so he can reunite with Cathy–and softens his attitude toward Hareton and young Cathy. Then he informs Nelly that he plans to make a will. One day, she discovers him dead. A physician cannot determine the precise cause. He is buried near Cathy, according to the provisions of the will.
Stories are told later about how people of the area see Heathcliff alone, or Heathcliff and Catherine together, walking on the moors. When Lockwood asks Nelly about young Catherine and Hareton, she reports that they now control Heathcliff’s properties and will marry on Jan. 1, then live at Thrushcross Grange. At last, Wuthering Heights and Thrushcross Grange are united and at peace–presumably.Source(s): Wuthering Heights
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- Anonymous2 decades ago
I'm wondering if anybody is willing to answer this question. I'd charge the asker.