Anonymous
Anonymous asked in 社會與文化語言 · 2 decades ago

The question is about grammar

能否告知如何及何時使用過去式 過去完成式 過去進行式 過去完成進行式 ?

I have been confused about those for a long term. Thank you

4 Answers

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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago
    Favorite Answer

    寫了很久慢慢看吧!

    希望能解答你的疑惑

    Draw a line on the papaper and start thinking:

    past simple過去簡單式

    ........... past.........................now..........future

    ←──────X────────┼────────────→

    You did something in the past. 在過去某時所做之事/動作

    S+ Past V (+ past time)

    EX:

    He came home. 他回家了

    I didn't know what to do. 我(那時)不知道該如何做

    動作已經結束,並且與現在的無關聯

    Past Perfect 過去完成

    ..... past................................. now........future

    ←───?────┼───────┼────────────→

    我用問號表示不需要標明時間點做的動作

    You had done something before some certain time.

    在過去某一時間點前,你曾做過某事或曾有過的經驗

    S+ had + ppV +.....

    EX:

    I had never been to the USA before I was 25.

    我25歲前沒去過美國(現在已經去過了)

    He had finished his homework when his mom came home.

    他媽回家時,他已把功課完成了

    Past Continuous 過去進行

    ...........past ...................................now .............future

    ←────VVVVV──────────┼────────────→

    我用 VVVV 代表 動作持續進行的曲線

    You were doing something in the past.

    S+ was/ were + Ving + .....

    EX:

    I was watching TV when I heard the weird sound.

    當我聽到那怪聲音時,我正在看電視

    He fell while he was runnung.

    他在跑時跌倒

    Past Perfect Continuous過去完成進行式

    ..................past ...............................now ...............future

    ←─────?VVVV────┼─────┼────────────→

    You had been doing something before a certain past time.

    S+ had been + Ving +.....

    EX:

    I had been studying English hard for a long time when I was young.

    我小時很認真地學了很久的英文

    He had been watvhing TV before his mom came home.

    他媽回家前,他一直在看電視(言下之意,可能他媽一回家他就把電視關了)

    2005-02-02 14:03:18 補充:

    我和黑輪的兩個答案撘在一起看

    就可以了解的很清楚了唄

    2005-02-04 00:52:47 補充:

    *Thank you every one to wouk out my confuse. That must be so praise.

    別介意 我改了你的句子

    文法有錯

    後面那句我不懂你想表達的意思

    所以我胡亂寫了一句

    → Thank you all for working out my confusion. It is so precious to me.對我來說很寶貴/ It is so praising.這很值得讚美

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  • 2 decades ago

    過去式又稱過去簡單式

    敘述過去事實、過去某時間點發生的事情

    基本句構為 主詞+過去式動詞 (V-ed) +受詞 (或主詞補語、時間副詞等等)

    例如:

    I met him yesterday.

    我昨天碰到他。

    過去進行式描述 (強調) 過去某時間點正在做的事情、動作

    基本句構為 主詞+be動詞過去式+現在分辭 (V-ing) +受詞 (或主詞補語、時間副詞等等)

    例如:

    I was sleeping when you called me last night.

    你昨晚打給我的時候我正在睡覺。

    敘述從過去某時間點到另一時間點

    則用過去完成式

    與現在完成式 (過去某時間點到現在) 不同

    基本句構為 主詞+had+過去分詞 (V-pp) +受詞 (或主詞補語、時間副詞等等)

    例如:

    I had finished the project last week.

    我上禮拜就完成那份企劃了。

    有時候過去完成式與過去進行式會合用

    是因為一方面已經是過去發生過的事

    一方面又想強調那時候正在發生

    基本句構為 主詞+had+been+現在分詞+受詞 (或主詞補語、時間副詞等等)

    例如:

    I had been working during that time.

    我那個時候正在工作。

    如果牽涉到主被動

    句子會比較複雜

    如果有問題再補充囉

    Source(s): 自己能學有專精是一件值得慶幸的事
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  • Anonymous
    2 decades ago

    我想還有強調事件發生的意思

    不然都用過去式不就得了

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  • 2 decades ago

    首先,過去式的基本定義就在於動作的發生在過去時間,然而過去時間又可分為點和線段的概念,因此,過去簡單式和過去進行式只是時間點的概念,而進行式是指時間線段

    再者,過去簡單式只是說明在過去的某時發生了一件事,進行式則強調某特定時間點上正在進行某事,所以一般都會搭配時間副詞子句

    2005-02-02 12:12:35 補充:

    而完成式和完成進行的不同在於完成進行有強調動作繼續進行

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