nuclear vs atomic bomb?
is there any deference between nuclear and atomic bomb destruction?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Well, a nuclear bomb means all bombs that perform a nuclear reaction. These nuclear bombs are also called thermonuclear weapons. An atomic bomb is a kind of nuclear bomb. Atomic bombs do nuclear fission, while more powerful hydrogen bombs do nuclear fusion. Hydrogen bombs can be 1000 times more powerful than atomic bombs.
A modern hydrogen fusion bomb can vaporize all the water in the San Francisco Bay, instantly.
EDIT: dubz has it backwards. Atomic bombs are fission bombs, nuclear bombs are all thermonuclear weapons, and hydrogen bombs are fusion bombs.
PPS: usarocketman is mixing up thermonuclear weapons and hydrogen bombs. Thermonuclear weapons just means all of those type of bombs. Hydrogen bombs are a type of thermonuclear weapon, one that does fusion.
- 1 decade ago
An atomic bomb uses a ordinary explosive to trigger the reaction.
A thermonuke uses an atomic bomb for a trigger.
An atomic bomb splits atoms. A thermonuke fuses them.
A thermonuke is thousands of times more powerful.
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- metaraisonLv 41 decade ago
The first bombs were called Atom bombs, releaseing the power of the atom. This became a popular expression. Also popular to give Einstein credit, but really he only wrote a letter to Pres. Roosevelt incouraging exploration.
Acutally, the energy comes from the nucles splitting or nuclear bomb.
Atomic physics deals with the whole atom or the way the electrons behave or react. Chemistry deals with Atomic physics. Strickly speaking TNT, dynamite, uses the energy stored in the atomic relationships. They make atom bombs. The fusion/Fisson bombs are from the reaction of the nucleus either splitting apart or fusing together to release energy. Nuclear Bombs.
- Anonymous4 years ago
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An atom... an element ...is defined by the number of protons in its nucleus. In fission a Uranium nucleus is split into two pieces. However, the sum of the masses of the two pieces is less than what was there at the start. The "missing" matter was converted to energy. (E = mc^2) Fusion is the opposite: Two hydrogen atoms are forced so close to each other that their nuclei combine to form a nucleus with 2 protons. That's helium. But, just like the last time, the helium formed doesn't have quite as much mass as the two hydrogens which combined to form it. And, again, matter is converted into (a hell of a lot of) energy. This has been a long-winded way of saying the first response that I read to your question was right: They're both nuclear. They each are interactions at the atomic level. Each is converting matter to energy. Neither involves the electron field around the nucleus... just the nucleus. I believe that the first bombs were called "atomic" because their energy was produced by splitting the atom - and this was pretty early on in our tinkering with the atom. The hydrogen bomb was so-named (I believe) because of it's process... hydrogen changing to helium. MUCH easier to label than "U238 ->....." - which would have been needed for the "atomic" bomb. Just as information: I believe that "nuclear weapons" referred to in the US arsenal are fusion... hydrogen bombs as warheads. Richard
- 5 years ago
Pretty much the same thing but the atomic bomb is one kind of a nuclear bomb
- 1 decade ago
There is indeed a subtle difference between the two. Both derive their destructive power from a nuclear reaction, but there are two main types of bomb - those that use a nuclear fission reaction, and those that use a more powerful nuclear fusion reaction.
The nuclear fission devices are known as atomic bombs, atom bombs, a-bombs, and are of the type used in world war 2, and composed much of the early arsenal of "special weapons" post ww2.
The nuclear fusion devices are much more powerful (sometimes up to 1000 times more powerful) than fission devices, and are known as hydrogen bombs, h-bombs, fusion bombs, or thermonuclear devices ("nukes" for short).
In conclusion then, all devices are based on "nuclear" reactions, but the term "atomic bomb" usually refers to the more antiquated nuclear fission based devices.
Hope that helps a little.
- Anonymous1 decade ago
a nuclear bomb is either a fission bomb (atom bomb) or a fusion bomb (hydrogen bomb).
an atom bomb makes use of the energy generated by fission: the splitting up of uranium atom nuclei to release energy and radiation.
a hydrogen bomb makes us of the comparatively much greater energy generated by fusion: the joining up of two hydrogen atoms to release lots of energy.
however, fusion requires a little push to start working. that push requires a lot of energy and is provided by an atomic (fission) bomb.
so a hydrogen bomb uses an atomic bomb to start it off and then uses fusion to release the vast amount of energy that makes it so notoriously destructive.
- Chauncy GardenerLv 41 decade ago
Atomic bombs, now obselete, produced their explosive energy from nuclear FISSION reactions alone. nuclear or hydrogen bombs produce their energy, which is hundreds of time more explosive, via nuclear FUSION reactions.