what is the jewish holy book called?
- Anonymous1 decade agoFavorite Answer
Yep...what he said.
- allonyoavLv 71 decade ago
The answers here are partially right- so I will try to give a general overview of the major books.
First, you must realise that Judaism has two sets of law, the written law and the oral law- both given at the same time to Moses when he was on mount Sinai. the written law is the Torah- also known as the Chamishei sifrei Torah or chamishei sifrei Moshe, the Five books of the Torah or the Five Books of Moses. These are the ones you are familiar with as the Pentateuch at the start of the bible.
The rest of the written law is contained in Nevi'im (Prophets) and Ketuvim (Writings)- these three combine to form the Tanach - or what non-Jews call the Old Testament.
The writtne law end sthere- and we move onto the mishnah (oral law). The Mishnah was written down shortly after the destruction of the Second Temple as the Sanhedrin was scared it would be forgotten or altered as the exile deepened. The Rabbis of the Mishnah are called the Amoraim (literally those who say). After the Mishnah was written down, further commentaries were added. These were collected and written down in the Gemorrah. The Rabbis of this period are called the Tannaim (Teachers) as they taught in the names of the Amoraim. These were then collected (the Mishnah followed by its Gemorrahs) into the Talmud. The next generation of Rabbis were the Rishonim(literally the first ones).
As the volume of work grew, the Rishonim writing their own commentaries on the Mishnah adn gemorrah- with peopel writing commentaries ont eh commentaries, it became more and more difficult for anyone other than a few select scholars to really understand the volume of work and how best to apply the law.
To this end, Ramabam (Rabbi moshe Maimonides) wrote the Yad Chazakah, often referred to as the Yad as an abbreviated version which gave the law, without all the attendant commentaries. Later, Rabbi Ya'akov Ben Saher (The Ba'al Haturim) wrote the Tir which summarised the Yad and gave additional commentaries. Later on, Rabbi Yosef Caro wrote the Shulchan Aruch (literally "The Set Table") which further codified and clarified the work done by the Rambam and Ba'al Haturim. Rabbi Moshe Isserles (the Rema) added his glosses to Rav Yosef Caro's work- and the Shulchan Aruch became the standard understanding of the halachah. It was also deemed the last work of the Rishonim- and the Rabbis since then are known as the Acharonim (literally the ones who come after).
Today, the Shulchan Aruch is still utilised, along with various commentaries and elaborations on it.
- 1 decade ago
The Jewish Holy Book is called the Torah.
This is a section from Wikipedia about the Torah:
The Torah (תּוֹרָה) is the most important document in Judaism, revered as the inspired word of God, traditionally said to have been revealed to Moses. The word Torah means "teaching," "instruction," or "law" in Hebrew. It is also known as the Five Books of Moses, the Law of Moses (Torat Moshe תּוֹרַת־מֹשֶׁה) or the Pentateuch (Greek Πεντετεύχως for "five containers," which refers to the scroll cases in which books were being kept). Other names include Hamisha Humshei Torah (חמשה חומשי תורה, "[the] five fifths/parts [of the] Torah") or simply the Humash (חוּמָשׁ "fifth"). A Sefer Torah is a formal written scroll of the five books, written by a Torah scribe under exceptionally strict requirements. The term is sometimes also used in the general sense to also include both Judaism's written law and oral law, encompassing the entire spectrum of authoritative Jewish religious teachings throughout history, including the Mishnah, the Talmud, the Midrash, and more.
The Torah is the first five books of the Tanakh or Hebrew Bible, and of the Old Testament of the Christian Bible. The five books, their names and pronunciations in the original Hebrew, are as follows:
Genesis (בראשית, Bereshit: "In the beginning...")
Exodus (שמות, Shemot: "Names")
Leviticus (ויקרא, Vayyiqra: "And he called...")
Numbers (במדבר, Bamidbar: "In the desert...")
Deuteronomy (דברים, Devarim: "Words", or "Discourses")
(The Hebrew names are taken from initial words within the first verse of each book. See, for example, Genesis 1:1.) These books describe the creation of the universe and its history, and it describes in particular the special covenant between God and the people of Israel.
Jews have revered the Torah through the ages, as have Samaritans and Christians. It is traditionally accepted as the literal word of God as told to Moses. For many, it is neither exactly history, nor theology, nor legal and ritual guide, but something beyond all three. It is the primary guide to the relationship between God and man, and the whole meaning and purpose of that relationship, a living document that unfolds over generations and millennia.
Also, here is the web address if you want to learn even more!!
Good luck and hope this helped!
All the best,
*NickySource(s): Wikipedia/my Social Science class
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- Anonymous4 years ago
It is the the Torah ( the five book of Moses), the Torah plus the books of the writings and the prophets is called the Tanakh the Hebrew Bible
- Anonymous1 decade ago
Remember the three Ts. Torah, Talmud and Tanakh. They are all kind of part of the same thing. When most people talk about a Jewish Holy Book (like the Christian Bible) they mean the Torah.
- 1 decade ago
Not to sound smart, but the Jewish Holy Book would be called the Bible.
However there are certain sections to the Bible with their own names.
You may very well be thinking about the Hebrew Word "Torah" which really refers to the first five books of the Bible written by Moses. In English we would call that "The Law" or Genesis Exodus Numbers Leviticus and Deuteronomy.
Then again you may be referring to another book completely which is NOT the Bible but rather more of a commentary or evn better, expounding upon the various points of the Torah or Law. That would be called the Talmud.
- bigvol662004Lv 61 decade ago
- mommanukeLv 71 decade ago
Well, there's the Torah, which is the first five books of the Old Testament, and there's the Talmud, which is a collection of religious treatises from past holy men.
- HatikvahLv 71 decade ago
The Torah is the first five books. The Tanach is what you would call the "old" testament (covenant/contract). For us, there is only one covenant -- the one between God and His people, Israel. You can read several covenants with God in the Tanach. I have yet to see a covenant between Jesus and Christians.
- 1 decade ago
They have the Torah, and I think the Talmud (not sure of the spelling)