The basic answer is yes it does. However, we Jews do tend to make things more complicated than they should be, which is where your confusion may come from.
Aside from one small Syriac community, Judaism allows for people to convert into the religion. All sects have ways to allow people to convert; however, the...
Best answer: The basic answer is yes it does. However, we Jews do tend to make things more complicated than they should be, which is where your confusion may come from.
Aside from one small Syriac community, Judaism allows for people to convert into the religion. All sects have ways to allow people to convert; however, the standards for conversion are not universal throughout the board. Because of that, some sects may not recognize converts of others, because the criteria these converts had to fulfill were not sufficient for these other sects and their conversion programs. For example, the Reform have a comparatively easy program for conversion compared to the Orthodox, and thus the Orthodox will look at that Reform person as a non-Jew. They'll recognize that the person wants to become a Jew, but by their own criteria won't recognize them as following through and completing their conversion.
Keep in mind that these differences do not change one thing: Conversion is allowed, and that makes them fully Jewish. As per the law of Jewish society, this should be unquestioned, especially with how hard it is to convert into the religion. Even the easiest conversion is far more than you'd see with Christian and Islamic ones. Jews who deny the Jewishness of converts are going against what the religion says. The difference lies in disagreements in what makes a conversion.
Now, some of what you have written are things that have been said of converts. It's rare that their Jewishness of converts is questioned, but it does happen. However, I have yet to hear of a case where, when brought up to the community, that Jew's questioning of the convert went unquestioned: When it goes beyond those two people, it'll eventually get to someone who will call them out for doing something so un-Jewish.
The "never be truly Jewish" thing is something that has happened as well, and part of that deals with the conflation of Judaism as a religion with the utilization of the term for ethnic terms. Well, as far as the religion goes, they're Jewish and fully so. I've had to call out someone myself for insulting a friend of mine this way, and I think I made her feel like a moron when she realized that she had no idea what she was talking about. It is true that converts can't become Ashkenazi, Sephardi, Mizrahi, etc., as those are ethnic terms that are more static. After all, African Americans can't become white; however, there is a reason those terms exist independently than Jew. The term doesn't care if someone is one thing or the other, and while some ethnic terms have a strong relation with the Jewish religion it isn't required as per Judaism to be of those ethnities.
Lastly, I'll say that these beliefs are dying of more or less, and in some communities are virtually non-existent. My synagogue has so many Jews of alternate upbringings and even "half-Jews" whose Jewishness isn't questioned (the half meaning half of an ethnic Jew, it doesn't refer to the religion). I know it's still out there, but I most converts know that they're accepted by the Jewish community at large.
1 week ago