a. that sometimes things are the same, and sometimes they're different, but not by very much.
b. that the sound-meaning relationship is arbitrary in natural language.
c. that some words sound very much alike.
d. which sounds are contrastive and unpredictable in a particular language.1 AnswerLanguages3 months ago
Examine the following phonetic data from Lumasaaba (a Bantu language), paying particular attention to the sounds [k] and [ʧ]. The symbol [ɲ] is a "palatal nasal" (i.e., a nasal produced with the tongue pushed up against the roof of the mouth). Some people have one in <onion> [əɲjən]. It is not critical that you understand this segment in detail to solve the problem...
Lumasaaba English Translation
1. [katemu] 'a small snake'
2. [kuʧina] 'to dance'
3. [kunila] 'to wince'
4. [iŋkaːfu 'a cow'
5. [kubululuka] 'to fly'
6. [ʧinaga] 'a pipe'
7. [ʧisife] 'an eyebrow'
8. [luseʧe] 'a straw'
9. [iɲʧese] 'a sheep'
10. [kaʧese] 'a lamb'
Which of the following statements is true?
a. The sounds [k] and [ʧ] are sometimes contrastive in Lumasaaba and sometimes not.
b. The sounds [k] and [ʧ] can be found in minimal pairs in Lumasaaba.
c. The sounds [k] and [ʧ] are allophones of a single phoneme in Lumasaaba.
d. The sounds [k] and [ʧ] represent two separate phonemes in Lumasaaba.Languages3 months ago