I'm Somali (Somalis are not Ethiopians) and yes, Ethiopians are blacks.
White South Africans are not native Africans. Natives of sub-Saharan African (ie. non-North Africans) are indeed black. :)
EDIT: I'm not a guy, I'm a girl. What reasoning do I need? Geneticists use haplogroups to identify groups most related genetically, who came from a relatively recent common ancestor. Genetic tests show that Ethiopians are most genetically related to Eritreans, Djiboutis and Somalis, who are collectively known as Horn of Africans. Based on research, geneticists have concluded that those group of people are unique:
"The most distinct separation is between African and non-African populations. The northeastern-African -- that is, the Ethiopian and Somali -- populations are located centrally between sub-Saharan African and non-African populations... The fact that the Ethiopians and Somalis have a subset of the sub-Saharan African haplotype diversity -- and that the non-African populations have a subset of the diversity present in Ethiopians and Somalis -- makes simple-admixture models less likely; rather, these observations support the hypothesis proposed by other nuclear-genetic studies (Tishkoff et al. 1996a, 1998a, 1998b; Kidd et al. 1998) -- that populations in northeastern Africa may have diverged from those in the rest of sub-Saharan Africa early in the history of modern African populations and that a subset of this northeastern-African population migrated out of Africa and populated the rest of the globe. These conclusions are supported by recent mtDNA analysis (Quintana-Murci et al. 1999)."
Despite what non-Africans believe, I think that Africans themselves know best their own history. Why must there be research conducted when we ourselves pass down our extensive histories from generation to generation? It's insulting to think that people actually believe that we are so incapable. No, Ethiopians and Eritreans (Eritreans are mostly Tigray), Djiboutis (who are Afar and Somali), and Somalis (who are Somali) are not mixed. But people don't seem to want to accept that answer, even when given by people of those heritages. If I said they were mixed, would people more easily accept that answer?
I'm not upset with you, just tired with people asking "Are Ethiopians mixed, are they really black?" or asking the same question about Eritreans, Djiboutis and Somalis. I myself get asked that in my daily life. What seems to confuse people are our features - we tend to have smaller noses, thinner lips, curly or wavy or straight hair, etc etc. Why is that so surprising to see on a black person? Africa, according to scientists and DNA tests, is the most diverse continent:
Sub-Saharan Africans are especially the most diverse: "Sub-Saharan Africa displays more diversity than anywhere in the world.":
Sub-Sahara African natives are black. No, white South Africans are not native to the land. They are of European ethnic ancestry, as are all whites. Those of the Americas are different so it's not of any use to compare Hispanics to Africans. Today, most of the Americas are countries populated mostly with settlers from other places. The only natives of the land are the Natives. European settlers invaded, took over, and populated countries like Canada, America, and some South American countries. They also brought over kidnapped slaves mainly from West Africa and sometimes from some parts of Central and Southern Africa. The descendants of the black slaves mainly populate Caribbean countries like Jamaica and Haiti, Puerto Rico, the Dominican Republic and others. In some Hispanic countries, there are whites descended from European settlers and who mixed with the natives (the descendants of this racial admixture are the mestizos) and in some there are blacks, whites, Natives, and mixes of these, etc. So Hispanics are obviously not a race, some can be fully white, fully Native (which is not very common) and fully black. Most of the times however, they are mixed, so they can be mestizos (part white and part Native), part Native and black and white, etc.
Unlike the Americas, Africa is not made up of mainly countries populated by settlers from other continents. South America is a country where there are people who are not African in origin and whose ancestors are from Europe, India, and other places. White South Africans are the biggest population of non-Native Africans yet they only form 9.1% of the population, Native Africans make up 79.3% of the population. Also, these white South Africans are descended from Dutch settlers and English settlers. This is a well-known fact. They are not like Latinos as they are not mixed race and are not native to Africa.
Now it's established that Africa is the most genetically diverse continent, especially sub-Saharan Africans, all native sub-Saharan Africans are black and that white South Africans are not native to the continent, and that Latinos are not like South Africans. As the most genetically diverse people, is it not then possible that sub-Saharan Africans are capable of many and various features? Yes, they are. However, the reason why people doubt the diversity of blacks is that they have an idea that only certain features equate with "blackness" and that anyone who have features that don’t fit their image are not black or are mixed. Now I repeat my question: why is that so surprising to see on a black person for some people? Because what people think defines "blackness" is based on black Americans. Black Americans are the descendants of mainly West Africans, brought over during the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade. As an African myself, I can tell you that with each group of Africans, there are certain characteristic features which is how Africans can usually tell one another apart. Features often equated with “blackness” (such as full lips, wide noses, darker skin, kinky hair, etc) are common among certain West African groups, Bantus (who are spread from Cameroon to Central Africa to some part of East Africa), Nilotics and other groups of people. Because the black heritage that blacks in the Americas have is mainly West African, they usually have the features of West Africans. However, this is a poor indicator of “blackness”. Even among West Africans, Bantus and Nilotics, they may have other features. Blacks are capable of a great many features and it is ignorant to have such a narrow view of blacks.
Other groups of sub-Saharan Africans such as the Ethiopians, Somalis, Eritreans, Djiboutis, Fula people (who are found in countries in West and Central Africa), Woodabe (of Western and Central Africa), Nubians (of southern Egypt and northern Sudan) and others all share features that seem to have gotten your interest in the race of Ethiopians. All of these people are black. So why is it that Ethiopians are thought to be mixed when there are so many unmixed blacks who share the same features and are not black? Consider the sub-Saharan countries surrounding the landlocked country of Ethiopia: Sudan, Eritrea, Somalia, Djibouti, and Kenya.
In all of these countries, there are groups of people who share the features of Ethiopians. The Nubians of Sudan and the Kamba of Kenya look much like Ethiopians as do the majority of the population of Eritreans, Somalis and Djiboutis. So will people then say that all of these people as well as the Fual, Woodabe and others are mixed? They are not mixed. Also, if one were to propose that Ethiopians are mixed – how did non-blacks enter the landlocked country? Why isn’t the invasion, admixture, and remnants of the populations of invaders known in history? After all, Africans do pass down their long history from generation to generation.
So what proof can there possibly be that Ethiopians aren’t mixed? There’s no need to prove that something didn’t happen, everything I’ve explained proves that they are not mixed. Instead, there needs to be proof that there are mixed – and no such proof exists.
The exact race of Ethiopians is black - native sub-Saharan Africans. There are no more classification of their ethnicity and race than that. They are simply Ethiopians or as they and other Africans call them: Habeshas. They include Amharas, Tigrays, Oromos, Afars and other groups.